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2023-01-26
PIER C
Vol. 129, 73-87, 2023
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Design and Development of Mathematical Equivalent Circuit Model of Broadband Circularly Polarized Semi-Annular Ring Shaped Monopole Antenna
Priya Ranjan Meher Sanjeev Kumar Mishra
This article presents a broadband circularly polarized (CP) semi-annular ring-shaped printed monopole antenna for wireless applications. A semi-annular monopole with symmetric partial ground plane is designed to achieve the impedance bandwidth with a behaviour of linearly polarized (LP) radiation wave. To achieve the CP behaviour with broadband axial ratio (AR) bandwidth, an asymmetric stair shaped partial ground plane is incorporated in the semi-annular ring-shaped monopole structure. Different analysis of CP radiation is presented by analysing the surface current distribution, electric field distribution and also its mathematical modelling using CST-MWS solver. Moreover, an equivalent circuit model of the proposed monopole antenna is developed using Foster canonical forms. The measured -10 dB impedance bandwidth and 3-dB AR bandwidth are 8.78 GHz [3.22-12.0 GHz] and 2.21 GHz [7.58-9.79 GHz] respectively. The peak realized gain and antenna efficiency are 4.32 dB at 7.61 GHz and 82% at 4.83 GHz respectively. The proposed antenna can be suitable for C-band (4-8 GHz) and X-band (8-12 GHz) applications.
Design and Development of Mathematical Equivalent Circuit Model of Broadband Circularly Polarized Semi-annular Ring Shaped Monopole Antenna
2023-01-26
PIER C
Vol. 129, 63-72, 2023
download: 1
Microstrip Fed Pi-Slot Patch Antenna with T-Slot DGS for UWB Applications
Shaik Jabeen Gumireddy Hemalatha
An Ultra-wideband Microstrip fed patch antenna with a defective ground surface is presented in this paper. The above-mentioned antenna comprises a T-slot in the ground plane and a Pi-slot in a rectangular patch. The proposed antenna is developed and modeled using the High-Frequency Structure Simulation tool on an RTDuroid 5880 substrate with a thickness of 1.6 mm and a dielectric constant of 2.2. A T-shaped defect is carved in the ground plane to enhance the antenna's radiation properties, gain, and bandwidth. A conventional Pi-slotted patch antenna operating at 9.74 GHz with a return loss of 19.7 dB is designed, followed by an ultra-wideband antenna embedded with a T-slot in the partial ground surface operating from 7.15 GHz to 10.925 GHz with an impedance bandwidth (S11 < −10 dB) of 3.775 GHz. It showcases exceptional characteristics with a peak gain of 6.99 dBi at 8.95 GHz. A satisfactory agreement is found between the experimental data and simulation results. The proposed Pi-slot patch antenna with the defective ground has applications in radar, satellite, weather monitoring, and vehicle speed detection for law enforcement.
MICROSTRIP FED PI-SLOT PATCH ANTENNA WITH T-SLOT DGS FOR UWB APPLICATIONS
2023-01-22
PIER C
Vol. 129, 51-61, 2023
download: 9
Pattern Synthesis of a Resonant Slot on a Broad Wall of the Rectangular Waveguide Using Amplitude and Phase Control
Mahmoud Sharafi Masouleh Amin Kargar Behbahani Masoud Sharafi Masouleh Maryam Sajedi Malek Adjouadi
A design technique to develop the desired pattern with uniform spacing between elements for a resonant linear slot array on the broad wall of a rectangular waveguide is discussed in this study. First, linear array pattern synthesis is used to achieve the amplitude and phase of the array element. Then both radiation pattern synthesis and the array input impedance matching are achieved using the least-squares method. In addition, the error function is created by combining the three terms of impedance matching, array pattern synthesis, and slot design equations. Genetic algorithm (GA) and the conjugate gradient (CG) technique are used to minimize the acquired error function. The utilized approach results in precise pattern synthesis, good impedance matching, development of appropriate design equations, and power loss minimization. The computing needs were also reduced using the suggested antenna design. The approach is particularly beneficial since it integrates slot parameter dimensions and impedance matching with array pattern synthesis, resulting in a faster and more accurate design. Full-wave simulation Software HFSS was utilized to validate the suggested design method. Moreover, the measurements were conducted on a prototype designed to validate the simulation's accuracy and the designed antenna practicality, and excellent agreements between theoretical predictions and simulation results were achieved.
Pattern Synthesis of a Resonant Slot on a Broad Wall of the Rectangular Waveguide Using Amplitude and Phase Control
2023-01-22
PIER C
Vol. 129, 35-50, 2023
download: 0
Beam-Steering for Narrow Beamwidth 120 GHz Antenna Array Using Deep Learning for Radar Application
Ahmed Mohamed Montaser
The narrow beam-width 120 GHz industry, scientific, and medical band compact substrate integrated waveguide (SIW) driven antenna's design and characterization are discussed in this study. A low-cost fabrication is ensured by the employment of a single RO4350B substrate layer with SIW feeding. A transition from SIW to a rectangular waveguide is made for measuring purposes. The radiation pattern has been measured. By determining the right feeding phases for the 20 elements, a Deep Neural Network (DNN) is used to softly compute the beam steering. The weighted hybrid Modified Gravitational Search Algorithm (MGSA) - Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) approach and neural network with back-propagation technique are utilized to beam-steer by anticipating the appropriate feeding phases of the antenna array elements. To evaluate the effectiveness of the approaches, a number of sample instances are given that beam-steer the pattern in a variety of directions. In addition to allowing for the establishment of crucial analytical equations for the synthesis of antenna arrays, the neural network synthesis method also offers a great deal of flexibility between the system parameters in input and output, which makes the synthesis possible due to the explicit relationship given by them. The conventional technique of the phased array is compared with our DNN model for implementing beam steering.
Beam-steering for Narrow Beamwidth 120 GHz Antenna Array Using Deep Learning for Radar Application
2023-01-22
PIER C
Vol. 129, 17-34, 2023
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Low SAR Dual-Band Circularly Polarized Wearable RFID Antenna Using FSS Reflector with Reduced EMI
Shivani Sharma Malay Ranjan Tripathy Ajay Kumar Sharma
A circularly polarized dual band wearable antenna using frequency selective surface backed reflector for radio frequency identification reader resonating at global ultra-high frequency band (860-960 MHz) & ISM band (2.4 GHz) is proposed in this work. For circular polarization, the corner is truncated at the opposite end of a square patch with periodic slots over the patch for getting an orthogonal electric field in both the X & Y axis direction. Another truncated inner square slot patch miniaturizes the antenna further for stable frequency response. Finally, the periodic frequency selective surface-based reflector is used for gain enhancement & crosstalk reduction. The simulated & measured results for antenna over human body are plotted against the required bandwidth. The return loss and maximum radiated gains of -31 dB and 8.30 dB are achieved at a resonating frequency of 2.4 GHz with the reading range and Specific Absorption Rate (SAR) of 6.98 m and 0.77 watt/kg respectively. At 865 MHz the return loss & maximum radiated gain is -23 dB & 5.31 dB with the reading range & SAR of 5.21 m & 0.65 watt/kg respectively. The proposed UHF RFID antenna is circularly polarized with the axial ratio bandwidth less than 3 dB with approximately 15% (860-965 MHz & 2.4-2.45 GHz) range. The designed wearable antenna provides better isolation when FSS is incorporated while enhancing the gain for longer read range. The FSS reflector below the antenna reduces the SAR for on-body wearable applications. This RFID antenna can be used efficiently for WBAN applications as a portable RFID reader wearable antenna for remote sensing & real time monitoring.
Low SAR Dual-band Circularly Polarized Wearable RFID Antenna Using FSS Reflector with Reduced EMI
2023-01-20
PIER C
Vol. 129, 1-15, 2023
download: 0
A Radar Waveform Design of McPc Method for Interrupted Sampling Repeater Jamming Suppression via Fractional Fourier Transform
Ji Li Junjie Zhou Wei Wang Min Liu
Interrupted Sampling Repeater Jamming (ISRJ) is an electronic countermeasure against radar echo signals that generates many false targets to mask the real target echoes, which seriously affects radar target detection performance. Most of the ISRJ suppression methods require accurate estimation of the signal parameters, and the estimation methods are complex. Based on the characteristics of discontinuous ISRJ sampling and orthogonality between multi-carrier phase coding (MCPC) signal's subcarriers, we propose a method for ISRJ identification and suppression based on an improved MCPC signal. By analyzing the pulse compression of the echo, we found that different types of intermittent sampling interference have different peaks after pulse compression. Based on this feature, we introduce Fractional Fourier Transform to filter out interference. Theoretical analysis and simulation results show that the method can effectively suppress the three classical ISRJ interferences. The method suppresses ISRJ during echo processing without any parameter estimation for real scenes and has stronger robustness than other existing schemes.
A Radar Waveform Design of MCPC Method for Interrupted Sampling Repeater Jamming Suppression via Fractional Fourier Transform