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Call-for-Papers for PIER Special Issues

Being an open access on-line journal, PIER gives great prominence to special issues that draw together significant and emerging works to promote key advances on specific topics. The special issues are devoted to timely, relevant, and cutting-edge research and aim to provide a unique platform for researchers interested in selected topics.We are now calling for papers for the following PIER Spe

Upcoming Events


The 43rd PIERS in Hangzhou, CHINA
21 - 25, November 2021
(from Sunday to Thursday)

--- Where microwave and lightwave communities meet

Hybrid PIERS: Onsite + Web Access

Important Dates:

  • 20 June, 2021 --- Abstract Submission Deadline
  • 20 August, 2021 --- Pre-registration Deadline
  • 25 August, 2021 --- Full-length Paper Submission Deadline
  • 20 September, 2021 --- Preliminary Program
  • 5 October, 2021 --- Advance Program
  • 20 October, 2021 --- Final Program

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Online Abstract Submission


Join Us in this Harvest Season - Onsite + Web Access

Night West Lake - PIERS 2021 Hangzhou, CHINA

PIERS 2021, Hangzhou, CHINA

Late autumn - PIERS 2021 Hangzhou, CHINA

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About PIER


Progress In Electromagnetics Research

PIER Journals are a family of journals supported by the PhotonIcs and Electromagnetics Research Symposium (PIERS), which has become a major symposium in the area related to photonics and electromagnetics. The scope includes all aspects of electromagnetic theory plus its wide-ranging applications. Hence, it includes topics motivated by mathematics, sciences as well as topics inspired by advanced technologies. The spectrum ranges from very low frequencies to ultra-violet frequencies. The length scale spans from nanometer length scale to kilometer length scale. The physics covers the classical regime as well as the quantum regime.

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Newest Articles



ISSN: 1070-4698

Machine Learning-Assisted Sensing Techniques for Integrated Communications and Sensing in WLANs : Current Status and Future Directions

Siyuan Shao, Min Fan, Cheng Yu, Yan Li, Xiaodong Xu, and Haiming Wang

Sensing is a key basis for building an intelligent environment. Using channel state information (CSI) from the IEEE 802.11 physical layer in the wireless local access networks, the CSIbased device-free sensing technique has become very promising to the current sensing solutions because of its non-invasion of privacy, non-contact, easy deployment, and low cost. In recent years, the integrated communication and sensing (ICAS) technology has become one of the popular research topics in both wireless communications and computer areas. Given the fruitful advancements of ICAS, it is essential to review these advancements to synthesize and give previous research experiences and references to aid the development of relevant research fields and real-world applications. Motivated by this, this paper aims to provide a comprehensive survey of CSI-based sensing techniques. This study categorizes the surveyed works into model-based methods, data-based methods, and model-data hybrid-driven methods. Some important physical models and machine learning algorithms are also introduced. The sensing functions are classified into detection, estimation, and recognition according to specific application scenarios. Furthermore, future directions and challenges are discussed.....

  • Low-Radar Cross Section antennas attract substantial attention in Stealth Technology. The Radar Cross Section reduction performance of the microstrip antennas should be improved since they contribute to the overall Radar Cross Section. A novel microstrip patch antenna with a polarization converter metasurface is proposed to extend the Radar Cross Section (RCS) reduction bandwidth. The metasurface uses metallic strip structures to obtain the required polarization conversion for Radar Cross Section reduction. The proposed patch antenna shows the overall RCS reduction bandwidth of 7.25 GHz-24.83 GHz (110%) as compared to the metal sheet and the Reference Patch antenna. 10 dB RCS reduction is obtained from 8.33 GHz-9.16 GHz (9.49%) and from 12.81 GHz-18.85 GHz (38.16%) as compared with the Reference Patch antenna. The RCS reduction of the antenna and the antenna radiation patterns are verified by numerical simulations and experimental observations. The main novelty of the proposed design is its wideband RCS reduction for Transverse Electric as well as Transverse Magnetic polarization with enhancement in antenna radiation pattern parameters. Significant RCS reduction can also be obtained for oblique incidence.....
  • In this paper, an analytical model is presented to investigate the resonant characteristics of a graphene rectangular microstrip patch antenna. To take into account the graphene film patch in the full-wave spectral domain technique, surface complex impedance is considered. This impedance is determined by using Kubo formula. A set of roof top sub-domain basis functions are employed to model the current density distribution on the graphene rectangular microstrip patch. The simulation results demonstrate that the designed structure can provide excellent tunable properties in Terahertz frequency region by varying different chemical potentials and relaxation times of graphene film. Variations of dimension of rectangular patch on the resonant frequency and bandwidth of a graphene rectangular microstrip antenna are presented. Finally, numerical results for the dielectric substrates effects on the operating frequencies are also presented. The analysis is validated by comparing the results with a specific example in the literature.....
  • 2022-08-11

    Multibeam One-Third Radial Line Slot Array (RLSA) Antennas

    Teddy Purnamirza, Rafiq Abdillah, Mulyono, Sutoyo, Rika Susanti, Muhammad I. Ibrahim, and Depriwana Rahmi
    This study aims to develop and evaluate the multibeam one-third Radial Line Slot Array (RLSA) antennas. The various techniques used include: a) slot implementation on the background surface for the design of multibeam, b) cutting the full circle of RLSAs for the simplification of the antenna size, and c) slot deletion for the formation of bandwidth. Approximately 40 multibeam one-third RLSA models were designed and simulated, with the best being fabricated and measured to verify the simulation. The results showed that the antenna had symmetrical beams regarding the gain, direction, and beamwidth at 9 dBi, 20 and 160°, as well as 38°, respectively. The antenna also had a low reflection of -22 dB at the centre frequency of 5.8 GHz, with a broad bandwidth of approximately 1.2 GHz, which was highly sufficient for Wi-Fi application. The gain of 9 dBi was 3 dB lower than that of a simulated single-beam antenna, which was suitable for the theory of splitting. Based on these findings, the agreement between measurement and simulation verified the design of the antenna.....
  • In this paper, two G-band sub-harmonic mixers based on planar antiparallel Schottky diodes are presented. The proposed type-I mixer is designed using the conversional THz Schottky diode mixer circuit architecture. In order to broaden the bandwidth further, a novel type-II sub-harmonic mixer based on new circuit topology is proposed. In type-II mixer, an antiparallel Schottky diodes chip is directly connected with metal ground using silver epoxy. The simulated results show that single-sideband (SSB) conversion loss of type-II mixer is less than 10 dB in the frequency range of 160-194.8 GHz. For validation, the type-I mixer is fabricated and tested. Measurement results show that single-sideband conversion loss of type-I mixer is basically less than 10.7 dB in the frequency range of 166-190 GHz.....