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Call-for-Papers for PIER Special Issues

Being an open access on-line journal, PIER gives great prominence to special issues that draw together significant and emerging works to promote key advances on specific topics. The special issues are devoted to timely, relevant, and cutting-edge research and aim to provide a unique platform for researchers interested in selected topics.We are now calling for papers for the following PIER Spe

Upcoming Events


The 43rd PIERS in Hangzhou, CHINA
21 - 25, November 2021
(from Sunday to Thursday)

--- Where microwave and lightwave communities meet

Hybrid PIERS: Onsite + Web Access

Important Dates:

  • 20 June, 2021 --- Abstract Submission Deadline
  • 20 August, 2021 --- Pre-registration Deadline
  • 25 August, 2021 --- Full-length Paper Submission Deadline
  • 20 September, 2021 --- Preliminary Program
  • 5 October, 2021 --- Advance Program
  • 20 October, 2021 --- Final Program

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PIERS Survey Form.

Online Abstract Submission


Join Us in this Harvest Season - Onsite + Web Access

Night West Lake - PIERS 2021 Hangzhou, CHINA

PIERS 2021, Hangzhou, CHINA

Late autumn - PIERS 2021 Hangzhou, CHINA

West Lake - Hangzhou, CHINA

About PIER


Progress In Electromagnetics Research

PIER Journals are a family of journals supported by the PhotonIcs and Electromagnetics Research Symposium (PIERS), which has become a major symposium in the area related to photonics and electromagnetics. The scope includes all aspects of electromagnetic theory plus its wide-ranging applications. Hence, it includes topics motivated by mathematics, sciences as well as topics inspired by advanced technologies. The spectrum ranges from very low frequencies to ultra-violet frequencies. The length scale spans from nanometer length scale to kilometer length scale. The physics covers the classical regime as well as the quantum regime.

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Newest Articles



ISSN: 1070-4698

A Fine Scale Partially Coherent Patch Model Including Topographical Effects for GNSS-R Ddm Simulations

Haokui Xu, Jiyue Zhu, Leung Tsang, and Seung Bum Kim

In this paper, we propose a fine scale partially coherent patch model (FPCP) for GNSS-R land applications for soil moisture retrieval. The land surface is divided into coherent planar patches on which microwave roughness is superimposed. The scattered waves of the coherent patch are decomposed into the coherent specular reflection and diffuse incoherent scattering. A fine scale of 2 meter patch size is chosen for the coherent patch to be applicable to complex terrain with large varieties of topographical elevations and with small to large topographical slopes. The summation of scattered fields over patches is carried out using physical optics. The phase term of the scattered wave of each patch is kept so that correlation scattering effects among patches are accounted for. Results are illustrated for power ratio for areas near the specular point and areas far away from the specular point. Comparisons are made with the radiative transfer geometric optics model. DDM simulations are performed with good agreement with CYGNSS data.....

  • Reflective interference caused by impedance discontinuities in the interconnect is a serious impediment to high speed serial link designs. The reflections can be addressed either through expensive equalization circuits or through interconnect redesign. Here a new technique for determining the most significant places to make changes in an interconnect design is presented. Through linearizing the S-parameter cascading process three unique reflection budgets are created based on 1) frequency domain insertion loss deviation, 2) time domain peak distortion analysis and 3) time domain reflectometry. Example analysis of a 25.8 Gb/s NRZ system identifies the connectors as the primary contributors to reflective interference and estimates that the interactions with the rest of the interconnect with the connector impedance discontinuities reduces the system eye height by 84 mV.....
  • A low-profile compact uni-planar slot antenna design of size 26 mm × 26 mm is proposed, assisted with a metallic bottom reflector at a height of λ/6 (λ is the lowest CP frequency). The dual-band dual-polarization is observed at 6.2 GHz and 9.3 GHz, and polarization sense (LHCP and RHCP) is dynamically switched by introducing a pair of RF p-i-n diodes mounted at the confluence of right-slot (RS) and left-slot (LS). The metallic reflector of size 60 mm × 60 mm helps to improve overall impedance matching, enhance antenna gain and asserts uni-directional dual-polarized radiation with good back-lobe suppression. The proposed antenna operates at dual bands (5.46-6.76 GHz) with 21.27% IBW and (8.18-10.48 GHz) with 24.65% IBW for S11 < -10 dB. The antenna gain reaches (7.82-8.75 dBi) for D1-OFF, D2-ON state with (9.2%, 15.63%) axial bandwidths and (6.42-7.0 dBi) for D1-ON, D2-OFF state with (7.53%, 16.04%) axial bandwidths with radiation efficiency ranging (75-87%). A prototype antenna is fabricated and measured, which shows good agreements with simulated performances and can be used for sub-6 GHz in 5G applications and X-band radar systems.....
  • 2021-03-01

    Resonator Based Antenna Sensor for Breast Cancer Detection

    Praveen Kumar Rao and Rajan Mishra
    A compact ultra-wideband antenna is presented for detecting malignant cells in the breast. The dimension of the proposed circular resonator-based antenna is 20 mm x 30 mm x 1.6 mm. The antenna sensor operates within the 3.1 GHz to 6.8 GHz (105.71%) range with peak gain 4.8 dB, radiation efficiency 89.2%, and an omnidirectional radiation pattern. Three types of breast phantoms (i.e., phantom without tumor, a phantom with a single tumor, and phantom with two tumors) arealso fabricated. The electrical properties of the malignant cells differ from non-malignant breast cells. S-parameters have been measured with phantom, then with the help of Principal Component Analysis (PCA), and normal and malignant breast phantoms are identified. Further, the tumor's locations in the breast phantom are find out by using the specific absorption rate (SAR) values.....
  • 2021-03-01

    Microstrip Crossover on FR-4 Substrate

    Takeru Inaba and Hitoshi Hayashi
    This letter shows a compact planar microstrip crossover. The crossover design employs a microstrip to coplanar waveguide transition. The crossover is fabricated on a low cost and readily available FR-4 substrate, and simulation and measurement responses in the low frequency band have been shown. The number of GND vias forming a quasi-coaxial section that confined the electric field around the signal via was increased to improve impedance matching. The core size of the circuit is as compact as 20 mm × 10 mm even in the low frequency band. The crossover operates in the low frequency band with insertion loss of less than 1 dB, return loss of more than 10 dB, and isolation of more than 15 dB.....