Research on the Radiation Properties of Tapered Slot Magnetoelectric Antenna
The advent of acoustically mediated magnetoelectric (ME) antennas offers a new idea for miniaturizing antennas. The ME antenna operates at mechanical resonant frequencies, so its dimension can be reduced by three orders of magnitude compared to an electric antenna counterpart. However, the poor directional radiation property of the reported magnetoelectric antennas, which is similar to an ideal magnetic dipole, limits the use of the ME antennas. In this paper, we propose a tapered slot magnetoelectric (TSME) antenna which is composited of PZT-5H and Metglas with dimensions of 50 mm × 30 mm × 0.596 mm and an operating frequency of around 30 kHz. Inspired by the structure of the slot-coupled antenna, the structure of the magnetostrictive layer of the ME antenna has been modified, and the front-back radiation difference in the near field has been improved by 7.9 dB compared to a normal ME antenna. The different operating principles between the TSME antenna and normal ME antennas have been analyzed and verified in the paper. In addition, we have successfully implemented amplitude modulation (AM) signals transmission using TSME antennas. This work provides new ideas for improving the radiation performance of ME antennas and lays the foundation for their practical application.
Variational Bayesian Learning for the Modelling of Indoor Broadband Powerline Communication Impulsive Noise
Thomas Joachim Odhiambo Afullo
Powerline communication (PLC) noise is the main cause of reduced performance and reliability of the communication channel. The major source of these noise bursts, which distort and degrade the communication signal, is the arbitrary plugging in and unplugging of electric devices from the electrical network. It is therefore important to perform statistical modelling of the PLC noise characteristics to enable the development and optimisation of reliable PLC systems. This paper presents the Variational Bayesian (VB) Gaussian Mixture (GM) modelling of the amplitude distribution of the indoor broadband PLC noise. In the proposed model, a fully Bayesian treatment is employed where the parameters of the GM model are assumed to be random variables. Consequently, prior distributions over the parameters are introduced. The VB criterion is used to determine the optimal number of components where the Bayesian information criterion emerges as a limiting case. To find the parameters of the GM components, the variational-expectation maximisation algorithm is employed. Measurements from different indoor PLC environments are then used to validate the model. Thereafter, performance analysis is carried out, and the VB framework is compared to the Maximum Likelihood (ML) estimate method. It is observed that while the ML model performs better when the amplitude distribution contains multiple peaks, the VB framework offers high accuracy and good generalization to the measured data and is thus effective in modelling the amplitude distribution of the PLC noise.
Ground Radiation Based Triple-Band MIMO Antenna with Wideband Characteristics for Wi-Fi and Wi-Fi 6E Applications
Muhammad Zeeshan Zahid
The paper presents a ground radiation antenna (GradiAnt) based triple-band MIMO antenna with wideband characteristics for Wi-Fi 6E applications. The GradiAnt is a novel antenna element with a series combination of inductor and capacitor in the feed loop, and dual-band characteristics have been achieved by controlling the impedance level of the antenna. By introducing a parasitic resonator within the feed loop of GradiAnt, triple-band characteristic is achieved and significant bandwidth enhancement is realized, fully covering the Wi-Fi and Wi-Fi 6E operation bands. The resonator consists of a parasitic strip connected with the ground plane through an inductor. Two identical GradiAnts are symmetrically installed at the corners of the shorter edge of the 55 × 40 mm2 sized ground plane for MIMO scenarios. A loop-type isolator is installed between the antenna elements to decouple the lower Wi-Fi band where the higher bands are self-isolated. The measured bands with reference to -6 dB are 2.36-2.63 GHz and 4.768 GHz. The isolation in the lower and higher bands is greater than 22 dB and 17.5 dB, respectively. The ECC is less than 0.03 in the lower band and 0.16 in the higher bands.
Structural Design and Optimization of Optical Nano-Antenna Based on Bridge Structure
Optical nano-antenna offers a new scheme for solar energy collection by breaking through the band-gap limitation of semiconductor materials. However, complex structure, low efficiency, and narrow bandwidth remain major issues. To address these problems, we propose a novel helical optical nano-antenna based on the bridge structure. The antenna structure consists of two coplanar Archimedes spiral arms and a base layer. We analyze the influence mechanism of structural factors on its radiation efficiency and polarization characteristics. Our results show that the antenna structure achieves a total radiation efficiency of 83.13% in the wide wavelength range of 400 to 1600 nm, which is significantly higher than that of the previously proposed dipole nano-antenna. For different linearly polarized incident waves, the antenna structure obtains the same order electric field at the spiral gap, which indicates that the antenna structure can fully consider the polarization characteristics of sunlight. It fundamentally solves the problem that the linearly polarized antenna can only receive half of the solar energy, improving the absorption efficiency.
MIMO Antenna with Reduced Mutual Coupling Using Circular Ring Neutralization Structure
Kondapalli Venu Gopal
Yarravarapu Srinivasa Rao
In this article, a 15 × 20 mm2 arbitrary-shaped antenna is built. The same is extended to a 2 × 2 MIMO antenna with size 32 × 20 mm2. It covers two bands. Band-1 covers 3-4.44 GHz, and band-2 covers 5.32-11.1 GHz. In this case, a circular neutralization structure is used to lessen the mutual coupling between the two ports. The ECC, DG, CCL, and radiation pattern are used to demonstrate how well the MIMO antenna performs. Also, it has been noted that there is good agreement between simulated and measured outcomes.