Vol. 73

Front:[PDF file] Back:[PDF file]
Latest Volume
All Volumes
All Issues
2007-04-07

Computations of Electromagnetic Fields Radiated from Complex Lightning Channels

By Ting-Xin Song, Yao-He Liu, and Jian-Min Xiong
Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 73, 93-105, 2007
doi:10.2528/PIER07032501

Abstract

In this paper, three methods for calculating electromagnetic fields radiated from complex lightning channels are discussed, which includes channel obliqueness, branches and tortuosity. By rotating and moving the coordinate system of the vertical channel, differential expressions of electromagnetic fields from the irregular channel can be derived from the conclusions of the straight and vertical channel. Through analyzing calculation results of two examples reveals that channel tortuosity and branch is to introduce the higher frequency content above 100 kHz into lightning electromagnetic fields.

Citation


Ting-Xin Song, Yao-He Liu, and Jian-Min Xiong, "Computations of Electromagnetic Fields Radiated from Complex Lightning Channels," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 73, 93-105, 2007.
doi:10.2528/PIER07032501
http://www.jpier.org/PIER/pier.php?paper=07032501

References


    1. Rubinstein, M. and M. A. Uman, "Methods for calculating the electromagnetic fields from a known source distribution: application to lightning," IEEE Transactions on Electromagnetic Compatibility, Vol. 31, No. 2, 183-189, 1989.
    doi:10.1109/15.18788

    2. Uman, M. A., "Natural lightning," IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, Vol. 30, No. 3, 785-790, 1994.
    doi:10.1109/28.293729

    3. Song, T.-X. and C.Wang, "Two numerical methods for calculating electromagnetic fields radiated from nature lightning," Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, Vol. 19, No. 4, 513-528, 2005.
    doi:10.1163/1569393053303901

    4. Nucci, C. A., et al., "Lightning return stroke current models with specified channel-base current: a review and comparison," J. Geophys. Res., Vol. 95, 20395-20408, 1990.

    5. Rakov, V. A. and M. A. Uman, "Review and evaluation of lightning return stroke models including some aspects of their application," IEEE Transactions on Electromagnetic Compatibility, Vol. 40, No. 4, 403-426, 1998.
    doi:10.1109/15.736202

    6. Zhao, X. and K. Huang, "Calculation of probability distribution of Maximal received power of electronic receiver in lightning electromagnetic environment," Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, Vol. 19, No. 2, 221-230, 2005.
    doi:10.1163/1569393054497357

    7. Mu, M. K., J. T. Huangfu, L. X. Ran, and K. Zang, "Design of lightning protector compatible for both 2G and 3G cellular systems," Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, Vol. 20, No. 15, 2167-2175, 2006.
    doi:10.1163/156939306779322495

    8. Li, J. Y. and Y.-B. Gan, "Multi-band characteristic of open sleeve antenna," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 58, 135-148, 2006.
    doi:10.2528/PIER05090301

    9. Sijher, T. S. and A. A. Kishk, "Antenna modeling by infinitesimal dipoles using genetic algorithms," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 52, 225-254, 2005.
    doi:10.2528/PIER04081801