Vol. 81

Front:[PDF file] Back:[PDF file]
Latest Volume
All Volumes
All Issues

Design of Photonic Band Gap Filter

By Ragini Srivastava, Khem Thapa, Shyam Pati, and Sant Ojha
Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 81, 225-235, 2008


In this paper a new type of optical filter using photonic band gap materials has been suggested. A detailed mathematical analysis is presented to predict allowed and forbidden bands of wavelengths with variation of angle of incidence. It is possible to get desired ranges of the electromagnetic spectrum filtered with this structure by changing the incidence angle of light.


 (See works that cites this article)
Ragini Srivastava, Khem Thapa, Shyam Pati, and Sant Ojha, "Design of Photonic Band Gap Filter," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 81, 225-235, 2008.


    1. Yablonovitch, E., "Inhibited spontaneous emission in solid state physics and electronics," Phys. Rev. Lett., Vol. 58, 2059-2062, 1987.

    2. Jonopoulos, J.D., P. Villeneuve, and S. Fan, "Photonic crystals: Putting a new twist on light," Nature, Vol. 386, 143-149, 1997.

    3. Zheng, Q. R., Y. Q. Fu, and N. C. Yuan, "Characteristics of planar PBG structures with a cover layer," Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, Vol. 20, 1439-1453, 2006.

    4. Fink, Y., J. N. Winn, S. Fan, C. Chen, J. Michel, J. D. Joannopoulos, and E. L. Thomas, "A dielectric omnidirectional reflector," Science, Vol. 282, 1679-1682, 1998.

    5. Rojas, J.A.M., J. Alpuente, J. Pineiro, and R. Sanchez, "Rigorous full vectorial analysis of electromagnetic wave propagation in 1D," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 63, 89-105, 2006.

    6. Chigrin, D. N., A. V. Lavrinenko, D. A. Yarotsky, and S. V. Gaponenko, "Observation of total omnidirectional reflection from a one-dimensional dielectric lattice," Appl. Phys. A:Mater. Sci. Process., Vol. 68, 25-281999, 2819.

    7. Joannopoulos, J. D., R. D. Meade, and J. N. Winn, Photonic Crystals: Molding the Flow of Light, Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ, 1995.

    8. Burstein, E. and C. Weisbuch, Confined Electron and Photon: New Physics and Applications, Plenum Press, New York, 1995.

    9. Soukoulis, C., Photonic Band Gap Materials, 71-79, 71-79, Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht, 1996.

    10. Macleod, H., Thin-film Optical Filters, Adam Hilger, Bristol, 1986.

    11. Yeh, P., Optical Waves in Layered Media, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1988.

    12. Guida, G., "Numerical studies of disordered photonic crystals," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 41, 107-131, 2003.

    13. Birks, T., T. Knight, and J. Russel, "Endlessly single-mode photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Lett., Vol. 22, 961-963, 1997.

    14. Hattori, H. T., A. Kazmierczak, and V. M. Schneider, "and C.L.Barbosa Photonic crystal micro-cavity based radiation filter," Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, Vol. 19, 1525-1534, 2005.

    15. Khalaj-Amirhosseini, M., "Microwave filters using waveguides filled by multi-layer dielectric," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 66, 105-110, 2006.

    16. Guenneu, S., A. Nicolet, F. Zolla, and S. Lasquellec, "Numerical and theoretical study of photonic crystal fibers," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 41, 271-305, 2003.

    17. Zandi, O., Z. Atlasbaf, and K. Forooraghi, "Flat multilayer dielectric reflector antennas," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 72, 1-19, 2007.

    18. Aissaoui, M., J. Zaghdoudi, M. Kanzari, and B. Rezig, "Optical properties of the quasi-periodic one-dimensional generalized multilayer Fibonacci structures," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 59, 69-83, 2006.

    19. Maka, T., D. N. Chigrin, S. G. Romanov, and C. M. S. Torres, "Three dimensional photonic crystals in the visible regime," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 41, 307-335, 2003.

    20. Wu, C.-J., "Transmission and reflection in a periodic superconductor/ dielectric film multilayer structure," Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, Vol. 19, 1991-1996, 2006.

    21. Delano, E. and R. J. Pegis, Progress in Optics, E.W olf (ed.), Chap.7, 69, North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1969.

    22. John, S. and Wang, "Quantum optics of localized light in a photonic band gap," Phys. Rev. B, Vol. 43, 12772-12789, 1991.

    23. Brooks, D. and S. Ruschin, "Integrated electrooptic multielectrode tunable filter," J. Lightwave Technol., Vol. 13, 1508-1513, 1995.

    24. Wooten, E.L., R. L. Stone, E. W. Miles, and E. M. Bradely, "Rapidly tunable narrowband wavelength filter using LiNbO3," J. Lightwave Technol., Vol. 14, 2530-2536, 1996.

    25. Oda, K., N. Yakato, T. Kominato, and H. Toba, "A 16-channel frequency selection switch for optical FDM distribution systems," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., Vol. 8, 1132-1140, 1990.

    26. Stone, J. and L. W. Stulz, "High-performance fibre Fabry-Perot filters," Electron. Lett., Vol. 27, 2239-2240, 1991.

    27. Born, M. and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1998.

    28. Zirngibl, M., C. H. Joyner, and B. Glance, "Digitally tunable channel-dropping filter/equalizer based on waveguide grating router and optical amplifier integration," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett., Vol. 6, 513-515, 1994.

    29. Ishida, O., H. Takahashi, and Y. Inoue, "Digitally tunable optical filters using arrayed-waveguide grating (AWG) multiplexers and optical switches," J. Light Wave Technol., Vol. 15, 321-327, 1997.

    30. Sneh, A. and K. M. Johnson, "High-speed tunable liquid crystal filter for WDM networks," J. Lightwave Technol., Vol. 14, 1067-1080, 1996.

    31. Chen, P. L., K. C. Lin, W. C. Chuang, Y. C. Tzeng, K. Y. Lee, and W. Y. Lee, "Analysis of a liquid crystal FabryPerot etalon filter: A novel model," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett., Vol. 9, 467-469, 1997.

    32. Fujii, Y., "High-isolation polarization-independent optical circulator coupled with single-mode fibers," J. Lightwave Technol., Vol. 9, 456-460, 1991.

    33. Smith, D. A., J. E. Baran, J. J. Johnson, and K. W. Cheung, "Integrated-optic acoustically tunable filters for WDM networks," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., Vol. 8, 1151-1159, 1990.

    34. Zhao, L. P., X. Zhai, B. Wu, T. Su, W. Xue, and C.-H. Liang, "Novel design of dual-mode bandpass filter using rectangle structure," Progress In Electromagnetics Research B, Vol. 3, 131-141, 2008.

    35. Jopson, R.M., J. Jtone, and L. W. Stulz, "Nonreciprocal transmission in a fiber Fabry-Perot resonatorcontaining a magnetooptic material," Photonics Tech. Lett., Vol. 2, 702-704, 1990.

    36. Morishita, K., "Optical fiber devices using dispersive materials," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol., Vol. 7, 198-201, 1989.

    37. Reid, D. C. J., C. M. Rogdale, I. Robbins, D. J. Robbins, J. Buus, and W. J. Stewart, "Phase-shifted Moire grating fibre resonators," Electron. Lett., Vol. 26, 10-12, 1990.

    38. Ojha, S. P., P. K. Chaudhary, P. Khastgir, and O. N. Singh, "Operating characteristics of an optical filter with a linearly periodic refractive index pattern in the filter material," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Vol. 31, 281-285, 1992.

    39. Chen, J.C., A. Haus, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, and J. D. Joannopoulos, "Optical filters from photonic band gap air bridges," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol., Vol. 14, 2575-2580, 1996.

    40. D'Orazio, A., M. De Sario, V. Petruzzelli, and F. Prudenzano, "Photonic band gap filter for wavelength division multiplexer," Opt. Express, Vol. 11, 230-239, 2003.

    41. Del Villar, I., I. R. Matias, F. J. Arregui, and R. O. Claus, "Analysis of one-dimensional photonic bandgap structures with a liquid crystal defect toward development of fiber-optic tunable wavelength filters," Opt. Express, Vol. 11, 430-436, 2003.

    42. Dowling, J. P. and C. M. Bowden, , Vol. 41, 345, J. Mod. Optics, 1994.