PIER
 
Progress In Electromagnetics Research
ISSN: 1070-4698, E-ISSN: 1559-8985
Home | Search | Notification | Authors | Submission | PIERS Home | EM Academy
Home > Vol. 153 > pp. 113-121

ULTRASHORT MICROWAVE PULSE GENERATION BY PASSIVE PULSE COMPRESSION IN A COMPACT REVERBERANT CAVITY

By S. K. Hong, E. Lathrop, V. M. Mendez, and J. Kim

Full Article PDF (967 KB)

Abstract:
In this paper, we demonstrate a device that is capable of generating an ultrashort (sub-nanosecond) high power microwave pulse by means of passive pulse compression in a compact reverberant cavity. The long duration input pulse into the cavity is created using time-reversal techniques, which allows the waveform to contain the inverse profile of the cavity phase distortion. When fed back into the cavity, the wave focusing at the output port results in a com-pressed ultrashort pulse with enhanced peak amplitude. We experimentally demonstrate a pulse compressor consisting of a 0.0074 m3 cavity capable of generating a 130 picosecond pulse from an input waveform of 300 nanosecond duration with the peak gain of up to 19 dB.

Citation:
S. K. Hong, E. Lathrop, V. M. Mendez, and J. Kim, "Ultrashort Microwave Pulse Generation by Passive Pulse Compression in a Compact Reverberant Cavity," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 153, 113-121, 2015.
doi:10.2528/PIER15092406
http://www.jpier.org/PIER/pier.php?paper=15092406

References:
1. Gaponov-Grekhov, A. V. and V. L. Granastein, Applications of High-power Microwave, Artech House, Norwood, MA, 1994.

2. Schamiloglu, E., "High power microwave sources and applications," 2004 IEEE MTT-S Digest, 1001-1004, 2004.

3. Tantawi, S. G., R. D. Ruth, A. E. Vlieks, and M. Zolotorev, "Active high-power RF pulse compression using optically switched resonant delay lines," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech., Vol. 45, No. 8, 1486-1492, 1997.
doi:10.1109/22.618460

4. Farr, E. G., L. H. Bowen, W. D. Prather, and C. E. Baum, "Microwave pulse compression experiments at low and high power," Circuit and Electromagnetic System Design Notes, No. 63, 2010.

5. Vikharev, A. L., A. M. Gorbachev, O. A. Ivanov, V. A. Isaev, S. V. Kuzikov, M. A. Lobaev, J. L. Hirshfield, S. H. Gold, and A. K. Kinkead, "High power active X-band pulse compressor using plasma switches," Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams, Vol. 12, 062003, 2009.
doi:10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.12.062003

6. Thirios, E. C., D. I. Kaklamani, and N. K. Uzunoglu, "Pulse compression using a periodically dielectric loaded dispersive waveguide," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 48, 301-333, 2004.
doi:10.2528/PIER04032901

7. Burt, G., S. V. Samsonov, A. D. R. Phelps, V. L. Bratman, K. Ronald, G. G. Denisov, W. He, A. R. Young, A. W. Cross, and I. V. Konoplev, "Microwave pulse compression using a helically corrugated waveguide," IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci., Vol. 33, No. 2, 661-667, Apr. 2005.
doi:10.1109/TPS.2005.844522

8. McStravick, M., S. V. Samsonov, K. Ronald, S. V. Mishakin, W. He, G. G. Denisov, C. G. Whyte, V. L. Bratman, A. W. Cross, A. R. Young, and P. MacInnes, "Experimental results on microwavepulse compression using helically corrugated waveguide," J. Appl. Phys., Vol. 108, 054908, 2010.
doi:10.1063/1.3482024

9. Daniels, D., "Applications of impulse radar technology," Radar Systems (RADAR 97), 667-672, Oct. 1997.

10. Lalande, M., J.-C. Diot, S. Vauchamp, J. Andrieu, V. Bertrand, B. Beillard, B. Vergne, V. Couderc, A. Barthelemy, D. Gontier, R. Guillerey, and M. Brishoual, "An ultra wideband impulse optoelectronic radar: RUGBI," Progress In Electromagnetics Research B, Vol. 11, 205-222, 2009.
doi:10.2528/PIERB08120306

11. Yang, C.-L., Y.-L. Yang, and C.-C. Lo, "Subnanosecond pulse generators for impulsive wireless power transmission and reception," IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. II, Exp. Briefs, Vol. 58, No. 12, 817-821, Dec. 2011.
doi:10.1109/TCSII.2011.2173977

12. Giri, D. V., High-power Electromagnetic Radiators: Nonlethal Weapons and Other Applications, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA, 2004.

13. Converse, M., E. J. Bond, B. D. van Veen, and S. C. Hagness, "A computational study of ultra-wideband versus narrowband microwave hyperthermia for breast cancer treatment," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech., Vol. 54, No. 5, 2169-2180, May 2006.
doi:10.1109/TMTT.2006.872790

14. Derode, A., Tourin, and A. Fink, "Ultrasonic pulse compression with one-bit time reversal through multiple scattering," J. Appl. Phys., Vol. 85, No. 9, 6343-6352, May 1999.
doi:10.1063/1.370136

15. Montaldo, G., P. Roux, A. Derode, C. Negreira, and M. Fink, "Generation of very high pressure pulses with 1-bit time reversal in a solid waveguide," J. Acoust. Soc. Am., Vol. 110, No. 6, 2849-2857, Dec. 2001.
doi:10.1121/1.1413753

16. Davy, M., J. de Rosny, and M. Fink, "Focusing and amplification of electromagnetic waves by time reversal in a leaky reverberation chamber," C. R. Phys., Vol. 11, 37-43, Feb. 2010.
doi:10.1016/j.crhy.2009.12.008

17. Nguyen, H. T., "On the performance of one bit time reversal for multi-user wireless communications," Int. Symposium on Wireless Comm. Systems (ISWCS 2007), 672-676, Oct. 2007.

18. Lerosey, G., J. de Rosny, A. Tourin, A. Derode, and M. Fink, "Time reversal of wideband microwaves," Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 88, 154101, 2006.
doi:10.1063/1.2194009

19. Fink, M., D. Cassereau, A. Derode, C. Prada, P. Roux, M. Tanter, J. L. Thomas, and F. Wu, "Time reversed acoustics," Rep. Prog. Phys., Vol. 63, No. 12, 1933-1995, 2000.
doi:10.1088/0034-4885/63/12/202


© Copyright 2014 EMW Publishing. All Rights Reserved