PIER B
 
Progress In Electromagnetics Research B
ISSN: 1937-6472
Home | Search | Notification | Authors | Submission | PIERS Home | EM Academy
Home > Vol. 57 > pp. 115-126

A PREPROCESSING FILTER FOR MULTISTATIC MICROWAVE BREAST IMAGING FOR ENHANCED TUMOUR DETECTION

By A. Shahzad, M. O'Halloran, E. Jones, and M. Glavin

Full Article PDF (359 KB)

Abstract:
Ultra Wideband Radar imaging has shown promising results in the detection of small tumours within low to medium density human breasts. A wide range of beamforming algorithms has been presented in several recent studies with good tumour localization capabilities, but most of these suffer a deterioration in performance with an increase in breast tissue density. In this paper, a preprocessing filter is used to compensate for path-dependent attenuation and phase effects, in conjunction with a range of existing data-dependent and data-independent confocal microwave imaging algorithms. Results indicate that this data preprocessing improves the performance of all beamformers, enabling detection and accurate localization of multiple tumours in mild to moderately dense human breasts. The proposed framework is tested on 3D anatomically accurate numerical breast models and the performance is evaluated across a range of appropriate metrics.

Citation:
A. Shahzad, M. O'Halloran, E. Jones, and M. Glavin, "A Preprocessing Filter for Multistatic Microwave Breast Imaging for Enhanced Tumour Detection," Progress In Electromagnetics Research B, Vol. 57, 115-126, 2014.
doi:10.2528/PIERB13080606

References:
1. American Cancer Society, "Breast cancer facts and figures 2012," Tech. Rep., 2012.

2. Cancer Research UK, "Cancerstats --- breast cancer --- uk," Tech. Rep., 2009.

3. Nass, S. L., I. C. Henderson, and J. C. Lashof, "Mammography and Beyond: Developing Technologies for the Early Detection of Breast Cancer," National Academy Press, 2001.

4. Bird, R. E., T. W. Wallace, and B. C. Yankaskas, "Analysis of cancers missed at screening mammograph," Radiology, Vol. 184, 613-617, 1992.

5. Chaudhary, S. S., R. K. Mishra, A. Swarup, and J. M. Thomas, "Dielectric properties of normal and malignant human breast tissue at radiowave and microwave frequencies," Indian Journal of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Vol. 21, 76-79, 1984.

6. Joines, W., Y. Zhang, C. Li, and R. L. Jirtle, "The measured electrical properties of normal and malignant human tissues from 50 to 900 MHz," Med. Phys, Vol. 21, 547-550, 1994.
doi:10.1118/1.597312

7. Souvorov, A., A. E. Bulyshev, S. Y. Semenov, R. H. Svenson, and G. P. Tatis, "Two dimensional analysis of a microwave at antenna array for breast cancer tomography," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., Vol. 48, No. 8, 1413-1415, 2000.
doi:10.1109/22.859490

8. Craddock, I. J., R. Nilavalan, A. Preece, and R. Benjamin, "Ex-perimental investigation of real aperture synthetically organised radar for breast cancer detection," IEEE AP-S International Symposium, Vol. 1B, 179-182, 2005.

9. Hagness, S. C., A. Taove, and J. E. Bridges, "Two-dimensional FDTD analysis of a pulsed microwave confocal system for breast cancer detection: Fixed focus and antenna array sensors," IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering, Vol. 45, 1470-1479, 1998.
doi:10.1109/10.730440

10. O'Halloran, M., M. Glavin, and E. Jones, "Channel-ranked beamformer for the early detection of breast cancer," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 103, 153-168, 2010.
doi:10.2528/PIER10030902

11. O'Halloran, M., E. Jones, and M. Glavin, "Quasi-multistatic mist beamforming for the early detection of breast cancer," IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering, Vol. 57, No. 4, 830-840, 2010.
doi:10.1109/TBME.2009.2016392

12. Lazebnik, M., D. Popovic, L. McCartney, C. B. Watkins, M. J. Lindstrom, J. Harter, S. Sewall, T. Ogilvie, A. Magliocco, and T. M. Breslin, "A large-scale study of the ultrawideband microwave dielectric properties of normal,w benign and malignant breast tissues obtained from cancer surgeries," Phys. Med. Biol., Vol. 52, 6093-6115, 2007.
doi:10.1088/0031-9155/52/20/002

13. O'Halloran, M, E. Jones, and M. Glavin, "Effects of fibroglandular distribution on data-independent beamformering algorithms," Progress In Electromagnetic Research, Vol. 97, 141-158, 2009.
doi:10.2528/PIER09081701

14. Shahzad, A., M. O'Halloran, E. Jones, and M. Glavin, "Prefiltered beamforming for early-stage breast cancer detection," IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, Vol. 12, 500-503, 2013.
doi:10.1109/LAWP.2013.2255858

15. Elahi, M. A., M. Glavin, E. Jones, and M. O'Halloran, "Artifact removal algorithms for microwave imaging of the breast," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 141, 185-200, 2013.

16. Bond, E. J., X. Li, S. C. Hagness, and B. D. Van Veen, "Microwave imaging via space-time beamforming for early detection of breast cancer," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 51, No. 8, 1690-1705, 2003.
doi:10.1109/TAP.2003.815446

17. Winters, D. W., E. J. Bond, and S. C. Hagness, "Estimation of the frequency-dependent average dielectric properties of breast tissue using a time-domain inverse scattering technique," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 54, No. 1, 3517-3528, 2006.
doi:10.1109/TAP.2006.884296

18. Sarafianou, M., I. Craddock, T. Henriksson, M. Klemm, D. Gibbins, A. Preece, J. Leendertz, and R. Benjamin, "Music processing for permittivity estimation in a delay-and-sum imaging system," 7th European Conference on Antennas and Propagation (EuCAP), 839-842, 2013.

19. Bourqui, J. and E. Fear, "Systems for ultra-wideband microwave sensing and imaging of biological tissues," 7th European Conference on Antennas and Propagation (EuCAP), 834-835, 2013.

20. Zastrow, E., S. K. Davis, M. Lazebnik, F. Kelcz, B. D. Van Veen, and S. Hagness, "Development of anatomically realistic numerical breast phantoms with accurate dielectric properties for modeling microwave interactions with the human breast ," IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng., Vol. 55, No. 12, 2792-2800, 2008.
doi:10.1109/TBME.2008.2002130

21. Lazebnik, M., M. Okoniewski, J. H. Booske, and S. C. Hagness, "Highly accurate debye models for normal and malignant breast tissue dielectric properties at microwave frequencies," IEEE Microwave and Wireless Components Letters, Vol. 17, No. 12, 822-824, 2007.
doi:10.1109/LMWC.2007.910465

22. Klemm, M., I. Craddock, J. Leendertz, A. Preece, and R. Benjamin, "Improved delay-and-sum beamforming algorithm for breast cancer detection," International Journal of Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 2008, 2008.

23. Lim, H. B., N. T. T. Nhung, E.-P. Li, and N. D. Thang, "Confocal microwave imaging for breast cancer detection: Delay-multiply-and-sum image reconstruction algorithm," IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering, Vol. 55, No. 6, 1697-1704, 2008.
doi:10.1109/TBME.2008.919716

24. Xie, Y., B. Guo, J. Li, and P. Stoica, "Novel multistatic adaptive microwave imaging methods for early breast cancer detection," EURASIP Journal on Applied Signal Processing, Vol. 2006, 1-13, 2006.

25. Bourqui, J., J. M. Sill, and E. Fear, "A prototype system for measuring microwave frequency reflections from the breast," International Journal of Biomedical Imaging, Vol. 2012, 2012.


© Copyright 2010 EMW Publishing. All Rights Reserved