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Progress In Electromagnetics Research
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EFFICIENT ELECTRICALLY SMALL PROLATE SPHEROIDAL ANTENNAS COATED WITH A SHELL OF DOUBLE-NEGATIVE METAMATERIALS

By M. D. Huang and S. Y. Tan

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Abstract:
An efficient, electrically small prolate spheroidal antenna coated with confocal double-negative (DNG) metamaterials (MTMs) shell is presented. The radiation power of this antenna-DNG shell system excited by a delta voltage across an infinitesimally narrow gap around the antenna center is obtained using the method of separation of the spheroidal scalar wave functions. Our results show that this electrically small dipole-DNG shell system has very high radiation efficiency comparing with the normal electrically small antenna due to the inductive effect of the MTMs shell that cancel with the capacitive effect of the electrically small antenna. It is found that the spheroidal shell can achieve more compact structure and higher radiated power ratio than the corresponding spherical shell. This dipole-DNG shell systems with different sizes are analyzed and discussed.

Citation:
M. D. Huang and S. Y. Tan, "Efficient electrically small prolate spheroidal antennas coated with a shell of double-negative metamaterials," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 82, 241-255, 2008.
doi:10.2528/PIER08031604
http://www.jpier.org/PIER/pier.php?paper=08031604

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