Progress In Electromagnetics Research
ISSN: 1070-4698, E-ISSN: 1559-8985
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By J. Zhao, K. Li, F. Kong, and D. Liu-Ge

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3-dimension finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) method is used to simulate the enhanced blue light emission of gallium nitride light emitting diode (GaN-LED) using the surface-plasmons (SPs) coupling with the quantum wells. The numerical simulation results demonstrate that when the silver film is coated on GaN-LED, the excited SPs play a key role in the enhanced blue light emission, and the enhancement depends on the geometries of GaN-LED and silver film. An enhancement factor is given to describe the enhancement effect of light emission. By changing the structure parameters of GaN-LED and silver film, the enhanced peak of the light emission in the visible region can be controlled. Under the optimal parameters, about 17 times enhancement at 460 nm can be obtained, and the enhancement effect is evidently demonstrated by the SPs field distribution.

J. Zhao, K. Li, F. Kong, and D. Liu-Ge, "Enhancement of Blue Light Emission Using Surface Plasmons Coupling with Quantum Wells," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 108, 293-306, 2010.

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