PIER
 
Progress In Electromagnetics Research
ISSN: 1070-4698, E-ISSN: 1559-8985
Home | Search | Notification | Authors | Submission | PIERS Home | EM Academy
Home > Vol. 149 > pp. 133-145

A SATELLITE MULTIPLE-BEAM ANTENNA FOR HIGH-RATE DATA RELAYS

By L. A. Greda, A. Winterstein, A. Dreher, S. A. Figur, B. Schonlinner, V. Ziegler, M. Haubold, and M. W. Brueck

Full Article PDF (1,662 KB)

Abstract:
This paper describes the concept and the development of key components of a novel multiple-beam antenna for satellite applications. The antenna is designed to be used in a transparent high-rate data relay system that links several low earth orbit (LEO) satellites to a single ground station via a satellite positioned on a geostationary orbit (GEO). The proposed antenna is based on the concept of an array-fed reflector. The antenna can track LEO satellites by switching between different subarrays of a bigger multifeed array using a reconfigurable switch matrix based on radio frequency micro-electro-mechanical system (RF MEMS) switches. The radiation characteristic of the antenna is further improved by combining digital beamforming with beam switching. In order to validate the proposed antenna concept and to show its suitability for space applications a demonstrator has been built. Measurements of the antenna's key components and of the demonstration system are given.

Citation:
L. A. Greda, A. Winterstein, A. Dreher, S. A. Figur, B. Schonlinner, V. Ziegler, M. Haubold, and M. W. Brueck, "A Satellite Multiple-Beam Antenna for High-Rate Data Relays," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 149, 133-145, 2014.
doi:10.2528/PIER14072502
http://www.jpier.org/PIER/pier.php?paper=14072502

References:
1. Yuan, J., Yuan, J., D. Yang, and X. Sun, "Single access antenna pointing control system design of TDRS," 1st Intern. Symp.on Systems and Control in Aerospace and Aeronautics, Harbin, Jan. 2006.

2. Galindo-Israel, V., S. Lee, and R. Mittra, "Synthesis of a laterally displaced cluster feed for a reflector antenna with application to multiple beams and contoured patterns," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., Vol. 26, No. 2, 220-228, Mar. 1978.
doi:10.1109/TAP.1978.1141816

3. Lier, E. and R. Melcher, "A modular and lightweight multibeam active phased receiving array for satellite applications: design and ground testing," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., Vol. 51, No. 1, 80-90, Feb. 2009.
doi:10.1109/MAP.2009.4939021

4. Zaghloul, A. I., R. K. Gupta, E. C. Kohls, and O. Kilic, "Design and performance assessment of active phased arrays for communications satellites," IEEE International Conference on Phased Array Systems and Technology, 197-201, Dana Point, Ca., May 2000.

5. Seong, N., C. Pyo, J. Chae, and C. Kim, "Ka-band satellite active phased array multi-beam antenna," IEEE 59th Vehicular Technology Conf., Vol. 5, 2807-2810, Milan, Italy, May 2004.

6. Litva, J. and T. K.-Y. Lo, Digital Beamforming in Wireless Applications, Artech House, 1996.

7. Haymann, D. B., T. S. Bird, K. P. Esselle, and P. J. Hall, "Experimental demonstration of focal plane array beamforming in a prototype radiotelescope," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., Vol. 58, No. 6, 1922-1934, Jun. 2010.
doi:10.1109/TAP.2010.2046843

8. Duggan, J. and P. McLane, "Adaptive beamforming with a multiple beam antenna," IEEE International Conference on Communications, 395-401, Atlanta, Ga., Jun. 1998.

9. Greda, L. A., B. Knuepfer, M. V. T. Heckler, J. S. Knogl, H. Bischl, A. Dreher, and C. Guenther, "A satellite multibeam antenna for high-rate data relays," 32nd ESA Workshop on Antennas for Space Applications, ESA/ESTEC, Noordwijk, the Netherlands, Oct. 2010.

10. Ziegler, V., A. Stehle, G. Georgiev, B. Schoenlinner, U. Prechtel, H. Seidel, U. Schmid, and J. Hartmann, "SP48T module architecture and RF-MEMS multi-throw switches for a multi-beam antenna measurement set-up at K- and Ka-band," 39th European Microwave Conference, Rome, Italy, Apr. 2011.

11. Greda, L. A. and A. Dreher, "Beamforming capabilities of array-fed reflector antennas," European Conference on Antennas and Propagation, Rome, Italy, Apr. 2011.

12. Greda, L. A., Z. Katona, B. Knuepfer, W. Elmarissi, and A. Dreher, "Development of a satellite multibeam antenna for high-rate data relays: current status," 33rd ESA Workshop on Antennas, ESA/ESTEC, Noordwijk, the Netherlands, Oct. 2011.

13. Siegel, C., V. Ziegler, B. Schoenlinner, U. Prechtel, and H. Schumacher, "Simplified RF-MEMS switches using implanted conductors and thermal oxide," 36th European Microwave Conference, 1735-1738, Manchester, UK, Sep. 2006.

14. Figur, S. A., E. Meniconi, U. Prechtel, V. Ziegler, B. Schoenlinner, R. Sorrentino, and L. Vietzorreck, "Design and characterization of a simplified planar 16 × 8 RF MEMS switch matrix for a GEO-stationary data relay," European Microwave Week, Amsterdam, the Netherlands, Oct. 2012.

15. Greda, L. A., A. Winterstein, M. Brueck, and A. Dreher, "Demonstrator concept for a satellite multiple-beam antenna for high-rate data relays," 6th Advanced Satellite Multimedia Systems Conference, Baiona, Spain, Sep. 2012.

16. Jorgensen, R., P. Balling, and W. J. English, "Dual offset reflector multibeam antenna for international communications satellite applications," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., Vol. 33, No. 12, 1304-1312, Dec. 1985.
doi:10.1109/TAP.1985.1143523

17. Chandler, C., L. Hoey, D. Nixon, T. Smigla, A. Peebes, and M. Em, "Ka-band communications satellite antenna technology," 20th AIAA International Communication Satellite Systems Conference and Exibit, Montreal, Canada, May 2002.

18. Malik, D. P. S., J. M. Eskell, and M. H. Skeen, "Microstrip patch antennas for space application," IEE Colloquium on Satellite Antenna Technology in the 21st Century, 9/1-9/5, London, UK, Jun. 1991.

19. Diodato, N. (ed.), Satellite Communications, 367-394, Scivo Inc., India, 2010.
doi:10.5772/253

20. Ramm, P., J. J. Q. Lu, and M. V. Taklo, Handbook of Wafer Bonding, Wiley-VCH, 2012.
doi:10.1002/9783527644223

21. Lee, K. Y., et al., "Micromachining applications of a high resolution ultrathick photoresist," 10th International Symposium on RF MEMS and RF Microsystems, Trento, Italy, Jul. 2009.

22. http://www.radiantmems.com, .

23. Seki, T., et al., "RF-MEMS contact switch technology in OMRON," Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology B: Microelectronics and Nanometer Structures, Vol. 13, No. 6, 3012-3016, Nov. 1995.

24. http://www.wispry.com, .

25. Haykin, S. S., Adaptive Filter Theory, Prentice Hall, 2002.


© Copyright 2014 EMW Publishing. All Rights Reserved