Progress In Electromagnetics Research
ISSN: 1070-4698, E-ISSN: 1559-8985
Home | Search | Notification | Authors | Submission | PIERS Home | EM Academy
Home > Vol. 162 > pp. 81-94


By L. Alonso-Gonzalez, S. Ver-Hoeye, M. Fernandez-Garcia, and F. Las Heras Andres

Full Article PDF (869 KB)

A flexible fully textile-integrated bandstop frequency selective surface working at a central frequency of 3.75 GHz and presenting a 0.6 GHz bandwidth has been designed, manufactured and experimentally characterised. The frequency selective surface consists of a multilayered woven fabric whose top layer presents periodic cross-shaped conductive resonators, and due to its symmetries, its performance is largely independent of polarisation and angle of incidence. These properties make the prototype very interesting for shielding applications. The designed frequency selective surface is based on a layer-to-layer angle interlock 3D woven fabric. This technology provides the prototype with flexibility, portability and the possibility of manufacturing it in a large scale production by the use of existing industrial weaving machinery, in contrast to conventional frequency selective surfaces manufactured using rigid substrates. The proposed textile frequency selective surface has been simulated and experimentally validated providing good agreement between the simulations and measurements. The measured maximum attenuation has been found to be higher than 25 dB under normal incidence conditions.

L. Alonso-Gonzalez, S. Ver-Hoeye, M. Fernandez-Garcia, and F. Las Heras Andres, "Layer-to-Layer Angle Interlock 3D Woven Bandstop Frequency Selective Surface," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 162, 81-94, 2018.

1. Munk, B. A., Frequency Selective Surfaces: Theory and Design, 1-25, Wiley-Interscience Publication, USA, 2000.

2. Tak, J. and J. Choi, "A wearable metamaterial microwave absorber," IEEE Antennas Wireless Propag. Lett., Vol. 16, 784-787, Aug. 2016.

3. Rouzegar, S. M., A. Alighanbari, and O. M. Ramahi, "Wideband uniplanar artificial magnetic conductors based on curved coupled microstrip line resonators," IEEE Microw. Wirel. Compon. Lett., Vol. 27, No. 4, 326-328, Apr. 2017.

4. Monavar, F. M. and N. Komjani, "Bandwidth enhancement of microstrip patch antenna using Jerusalem Cross-shaped frequency selective surfaces by invasive weed optimization approach," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 121, 103-120, 2011.

5. Zhang, J. C., Y. Z. Yin, and J. P. Ma, "Design of narrow band-pass frequency selective surfaces for millimeter wave applications," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 96, 287-298, 2009.

6. Fu, W., J. Li, H. Wang, and X. Shen, "Polarization insensitive wide-angle triple-band metamaterial bandpass filter," 2016 Progress In Electromagnetic Research Symposium (PIERS), 4939, Shanghai, China, Aug. 8–11, 2016.

7. Xu, C., et al., "A novel dual-stop-band FSS for infrared stealth applications," Int. Applied Computational Electromagnetics Soc. Symp. (ACES), Suzhou, China, Aug. 1–4, 2017.

8. Nauman, M. and W. T. Khan, "A miniaturized dual-band stop frequency selective surface for 900MHz and 1800 MHz bands shielding," 11th European Conf. on Antennas and Propag. (EUCAP), Paris, France, Mar. 19–24, 2017.

9. Xiong, X., et al., "WiFi band-stop FSS for increased privacy protection in smart building," IEEE 6th Int. Symp. on Microw. Antenna Propag. and EMC Technol. (MAPE), 826-828, Shanghai, China, Oct. 28–30, 2015.

10. Liu, N., et al., "A design method for synthesizing wideband band-stop FSS via its equivalent circuit model," IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propag. Lett., Vol. 16, 2721-2725, Aug. 2017.

11. Yan, M., S. Qu, J. Wang, M. Feng, W. Wang, C. Xu, Z. Li, L. Zheng, and H. Zhou, "A novel miniaturized dual-stop-band FSS for Wi-Fi application," 2016 Progress In Electromagnetic Research Symposium (PIERS), 3447-3450, Shanghai, China, Aug. 8–11, 2016.

12. Nisanci, M. H., et al., "Experimental validation of a 3D FSS designed by periodic conductive fibers. Part-2: Band-stop filter characteristic," IEEE Trans. on Electromagnetic Compatibility, Vol. 59, No. 6, 1835-1840, Jun. 2017.

13. Li, L., J. Wang, J. Wang, H. Ma, M. Feng, M. Yan, J. Zhang, and S. Qu, "All-dielectric metamaterial band stop frequency selective surface via high-permittivity ceramics," 2016 Progress In Electromagnetic Research Symposium (PIERS), 3324-3326, Shanghai, China, Aug. 8–11, 2016.

14. Fu, W., et al., "Polarization insensitive wide-angle triple-band metamaterial bandpass filter," Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, Vol. 49, No. 28, 2016.

15. Fallah, M., A. Ghayekhloo, and A. Abdolali, "Design of frequency selective band stop shield using analytical method," Journal of Microw., Optoelectronics and Electromagnetic Applications, Vol. 14, No. 2, Dec. 2015.

16. Ginestet, G., et al., "Embroidered antenna-microchip interconnections and contour antennas in passive UHF RFID textile tags," IEEE Antennas Wireless Propag. Lett., Vol. 16, 1205-1208, Nov. 2017.

17. Paraskevopoulos, A., et al., "Higher-mode textile patch antenna with embroidered vias for on-body communication," IET Microw. Antennas and Propag., Vol. 10, No. 7, 802-807, May 2016.

18. Kiourti, A., C. Lee, and J. L. Volakis, "Fabrication of textile antennas and circuits with 0.1mm precision," IEEE Antennas Wireless Propag. Lett., Vol. 15, 151-153, May 2016.

19. Wang, Z., L. Zhang, Y. Bayram, and J. L. Volakis, "Embroidered conductive fibers on polymer composite for conformal antennas," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., Vol. 60, No. 9, 4141-4147, Sept. 2012.

20. Acti, T., et al., "Embroidered wire dipole antennas using novel copper yarns," IEEE Antennas Wireless Propag. Lett., Vol. 14, 638-64, Nov. 2015.

21. Senbokuya, Y. and H. Tsunoda, "A study on the circular patch antennas using conductive nonwoven fiber fabrics," IEEE Antennas Propag. Soc. Int. Symp., San Antonio, TX, USA, Jun. 16–21, 2002.

22. Monti, G., L. Corchia, E. De Benedetto, and L. Tarricone, "Wearable logo-antenna for GPS GSMbased tracking systems," IET Microw. Antennas and Propag., Vol. 10, No. 12, 1332-1338, Sep. 2016.

23. Shawl, R. K., B. R. Longj, D. H. Werner, and A. Gavrin, "The characterization of conductive textile materials intended for radio frequency applications," IEEE Antennas Propag. Mag., Vol. 49, No. 3, 28-40, Jun. 2007.

24. Lin, X., B. C. Seet, and F. Joseph, "Fabric antenna with body temperature sensing for BAN applications over 5G wireless systems," Int. Conf. on Sensing Technol., Auckland, New Zealand, Dec. 8–10, 2015.

25. Yahya, R., M. R. Kamarudin, N. Seman, and H. U. Iddi, "Eye shaped fabric antenna for UWB application," IEEE Antennas Propag. Soc. Int. Symp., Orlando, FL, Jul. 7–13, 2013.

26. Elmobarak Elobaid, H. A., S. K. Abdul Rahim, M. Himdi, X. Castel, and M. Abedian Kasgari, "A transparent and flexible polymer-fabric tissue UWB antenna for future wireless networks," IEEE Antennas Wireless Propag. Lett., Vol. 16, 1333-1336, Dec. 2016.

27. Whittow, W. G., et al., "Inkjet-printed microstrip patch antennas realized on textile for wearable applications," IEEE Antennas Wireless Propag. Lett., Vol. 13, 71-74, Jan. 2014.

28. Chauraya, A., et al., "Inkjet printed dipole antennas on textiles for wearable communications," IET Microw. Antennas and Propag., Vol. 7, No. 9, 760-767, Jun. 2013.

29. Scarpello, M. L., I. Kazani, C. Hertleer, H. Rogier, and D. Vande Ginste, "Stability and efficiency of screen-printed wearable and washable antennas," IEEE Antennas Wireless Propag. Lett., Vol. 11, 838-841, Jul. 2012.

30. Akbari, M., L. Sydanheimo, Y. Rahmat-Sami, J. Virkki, and L. Ukkonen, "Implementation and performance evaluation of graphene-based passive UHF RFID textile tags," Int. Symp. Electromagnetic Theory, Espoo, Finland, Aug. 14–18, 2016.

31. Moro, R., S. Agneessens, H. Rogier, A. Dierck, and M. Bozzi, "Textile microwave components in substrate integrated waveguide technology," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Techn., Vol. 63, No. 2, 422-432, Feb. 2015.

32. Liu, F. X., Z. Xu, D. C. Ranasinghe, and C. Fumeaux, "Textile folded half-mode substrateintegrated cavity antenna," IEEE Antennas Wireless Propag. Lett., Vol. 15, 1693-1697, Feb. 2016.

33. Tahseen, M. M. and A. A. Kishk, "Flexible and portable textile-reflectarray backed by frequency selective surface," IEEE Antennas Wireless Propag. Lett., Vol. 17, No. 1, 46-49, Jan. 2018.

34. Whittow, W. G., et al., "Printed frequency selective surfaces on textiles," Electr. Lett., Vol. 50, No. 13, 916-917, Jun. 19, 2014.

35. Ghebrebrhan, M., et al., "Textile frequency selective surface," IEEE Microw. Wireless Components Lett., Vol. 27, No. 11, 989-991, Nov. 2017.

36. Alonso-Gonzalez, L., et al., "Novel parametric electromagnetic modelling to simulate textile integrated circuits," Int. Conf. Numerical Electromagnetic and Multiphysics Modeling and Optimization for RF, Microwave, and Terahertz Applications (N, Seville, Spain, May 17–19, 2017.

37. Alonso-Gonzalez, L., et al., "On the techniques to develop millimeter-wave textile integrated waveguides using rigid warp threads," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory and Techn., Vol. 66, No. 2, 751-761, 2018.

38. Alonso-Gonzalez, L., et al., "Fully textile-integrated microstrip-fed slot antenna for dedicated shortrange communications," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., 2018.

39. Shieldex Trading, "Shieldex R  Conductive Twisted Yarn Silver Plated Nylon 66 Yarn 117/17 dtex 2-ply,", PN# 260121011717, 2010 [Revised Jan. 2012], [Online], Available: www.shopvtechtextiles.com/assets/images/260121011717.pdf, [Accessed Jan. 21, 2018].

40. Yu, B., et al., "2D and 3D imaging of fatigue failure mechanisms of 3D woven composites," Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, Vol. 77, 37-49, Oct. 2015.

41. Jin, L., et al., "Tension-tension fatigue behavior of layer-to-layer 3-D angle-interlock woven composites," Materials Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 140, 183-190, Jun. 2013.

42. Long, A. C. and L. P. Brown, Composite Reinforcements for Optimum Performance: Modelling the Geometry of Textile Reinforcements for Composites: Tex- Gen, Woodhead Publishing Ltd, 2011, ISBN: 978-1-84569-965-9, [Online], Available: www.woodheadpublishing.com/en/book.aspx?bookID=2233.

43. Lin, H., L. P. Brown, and A. C. Long, "Modelling and simulating textile structures using TexGen," Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 331, 44-47, 2011.

© Copyright 2014 EMW Publishing. All Rights Reserved