PIER B
 
Progress In Electromagnetics Research B
ISSN: 1937-6472
Home | Search | Notification | Authors | Submission | PIERS Home | EM Academy
Home > Vol. 7 > pp. 173-189

AN OVERVIEW ON DEFECTED GROUND STRUCTURE

By L. H. Weng, Y.-C. Guo, X.-W. Shi, and X.-Q. Chen

Full Article PDF (896 KB)

Abstract:
This paper focuses on a tutorial overview of defected ground structure (DGS). The basic conceptions and transmission characteristics of DGS are introduced and the equivalent circuit models of varieties of DGS units are also presented. Finally, the main applications of DGS in microwave technology field are summarized and the evolution trend of DGS is given.

Citation:
L. H. Weng, Y.-C. Guo, X.-W. Shi, and X.-Q. Chen, "An Overview on Defected Ground Structure," Progress In Electromagnetics Research B, Vol. 7, 173-189, 2008.
doi:10.2528/PIERB08031401

References:
1. John, S., "Strong localization of photons in certain disordered dielectric superlattices," Physical Review Letters, Vol. 58, No. 23, 2486-2489, 1987.
doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.58.2486

2. Yablonovitch, E., "Inhibited spontaneous emission in solid-state physics and electronics," Physical Review Letters, Vol. 58, No. 20, 2059-2062, 1987.
doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.58.2059

3. Tarot, A. C., S. Collardey, and K. Mahdjoubi, "Numerical studies of metallic pbg structures," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 41, 133-157, 2003.
doi:10.2528/PIER02010806

4. Guida, G., A. de Lustrac, and A. Priou, "An introduction to photonic band gap (PBG) materials," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 41, 1-20, 2003.
doi:10.2528/PIER02010801

5. Zheng, L. G. and W. X. Zhang, "Analysis of bi-anisotropic pbg structure using plane wave expansion method," Progress Electromagnetics In Research, Vol. 42, 233-246, 2003.
doi:10.2528/PIER03012101

6. Zheng, L. G. and W. X. Zhang, "Study on bandwidth of 2-d dielectric PBG material," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 41, 83-106, 2003.
doi:10.2528/PIER02010804

7. Yuan, H. W., S.-X. Gong, X. Wang, and W.-T. Wang, "Scattering analysis of a printed dipole antenna using PBG structures," Progress In Electromagnetics Research B, Vol. 1, 189-195, 2008.
doi:10.2528/PIERB07102302

8. Daeyoung, O. and P. Ikmo, "Two-arm microstrip spiral antenna with a circular aperture on the ground plane for generating a circularly polarized conical beam," IEEE Antennas Propag. Soc. Int. Symp., Vol. 3, 866-869, 2003.

9. Velazquez-Ahumada, M. C., J. Martel, and F. Medina, "Parallel coupled microstrip filters with ground-plane aperture for spurious band suppression and enhanced coupling," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., Vol. 52, 1082-1086, 2004.
doi:10.1109/TMTT.2004.823593

10. Sharma, R., et al., "Characteristic impedance of a microstrip-like interconnect line in presence of ground plane aperture," International Journal of Microwave Science and Technology, Vol. 1, 1-5, 2007.
doi:10.1155/2007/41951

11. Park, J.-I., et al., "Modeling of a photonic bandgap and its application for the low-pass filter design," Asia Pacific Microwave Conf. Proc. APMC, Vol. 2, 331-334, 1999.

12. Lim, J.-S., et al., "A spiral-shaped defected ground structure for coplanar waveguide," IEEE Microwave Compon. Lett., Vol. 12, No. 9, 330-332, 2002.
doi:10.1109/LMWC.2002.803208

13. Boutejdar, A., et al., "Control of bandstop response of cascaded microstrip low-pass-bandstop filters using arrowhead slots in backside metallic ground plane," IEEE Antennas Propag. Soc. Int. Symp., Vol. 1B, 574-577, 2005.
doi:10.1109/APS.2005.1551623

14. Chen, H.-J., et al., "A novel cross-shape DGS applied to design ultra-wide stopband low-pass filters," IEEE Microwave Compon. Lett., Vol. 16, No. 5, 252-254, 2006.
doi:10.1109/LMWC.2006.873594

15. Li, J. L., et al., "Compact microstrip lowpass filter based on defected ground structure and compensated microstrip line," IEEE MTT-S Int. Microwave Symp. Digest, 1483-1486, 2005.

16. Chen, J. X., et al., "Compact quasi-elliptic function filter based on defected ground structure," IEE Proc. Microwaves Antennas Propag., Vol. 153, No. 4, 320-324, 2006.
doi:10.1049/ip-map:20050235

17. Liu, H., Z. Li, and X. Sun, "Compact defected ground structure in microstrip technology," Electron. Lett., Vol. 41, No. 3, 132-134, 2005.
doi:10.1049/el:20057331

18. Ting, S.-W., K.-W. Tam, and R. P. Martins, "Compact microstrip quasi-elliptic bandpass filter using open-loop dumbbell shaped defected ground structure," IEEE MTT-S Int. Microwave Symp, Digest, 527-530, 2006.
doi:10.1109/MWSYM.2006.249627

19. Mandal, M. K and S. Sanyal, "A novel defected ground structure for planar circuits," IEEE Microwave Compon. Lett., Vol. 16, No. 2, 93-95, 2006.
doi:10.1109/LMWC.2005.863192

20. Woo, D.-J., et al., "Novel u-slot and v-slot dgss for bandstop filter with improved Q factor," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., Vol. 54, No. 6, 2840-2846, 2006.
doi:10.1109/TMTT.2006.875450

21. Lim, J.-S., et al., "A vertically periodic defected ground structure and its application in reducing the size of microwave circuits," IEEE Microwave Compon. Lett., Vol. 12, No. 12, 479-481, 2002.
doi:10.1109/LMWC.2002.805941

22. Lim, J.-S., et al., "A vertically periodic defected ground structure and its application in reducing the size of microwave circuits," IEEE Microwave Compon. Lett., Vol. 12, No. 12, 479-481, 2002.
doi:10.1109/LMWC.2002.805941

23. Oskouei, H. D., K. Forooraghi, and M. Hakkak, "Guided and leaky wave characteristics of periodic defected ground structures," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 73, 15-27, 2007.
doi:10.2528/PIER07031701

24. Xue, Q., K. M. Shum, and C. H. Chan, "Novel 1-d microstrip PBG cells," IEEE Microwave Guided Wave Lett., Vol. 10, No. 10, 403-405, 2000.
doi:10.1109/75.877226

25. Liu, H.-W., et al., "An improved 1d periodic defected ground structure for microstrip line," IEEE Microwave Compon. Lett., Vol. 14, No. 4, 180-182, 2004.
doi:10.1109/LMWC.2004.827097

26. Mollah, M. N. and N. C. Karmakar, "A novel hybrid defected ground structure as low pass filter," IEEE Antennas Propag. Soc. Int. Symp., Vol. 4, 3581-3584, 2004.

27. Insik, C. and L. Bomson, "Design of defected ground structures for harmonic control of active microstrip antenna," IEEE Antennas Propag. Soc. Int. Symp., Vol. 2, 852-855, 2002.

28. Park, J.-S., et al., "A novel equivalent circuit and modeling method for defected ground structure and its application to optimization of a DGS lowpass filter," IEEE MTT-S Int. Microwave Symp. Digest, Vol. 1, 417-420, 2002.

29. Karmakar, N. C., "Hi-Z, low-Z defected ground structure," Microwave Opt. Tech. Lett., Vol. 48, No. 10, 1909-1912, 2006.
doi:10.1002/mop.21811

30. Wu, B., et al., "Equivalent-circuit analysis and lowpass filter design of split-ring resonator DGS," Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, Vol. 20, 1943-1953, 2006.
doi:10.1163/156939306779322765

31. Balalem, A., et al., "Quasi-elliptic microstrip low-pass filters using an interdigital DGS slot," IEEE Microwave Compon. Lett., Vol. 17, No. 8, 586-588, 2007.
doi:10.1109/LMWC.2007.901769

32. Xiao, J. K. and Y. Li, "Novel compact microstrip square ring bandpass filters," Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, Vol. 20, 1817-1826, 2006.
doi:10.1163/156939306779292156

33. Chen, J., et al., "Lowpass filter design of hilbert curve ring defected ground structure," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 70, 269-280, 2007.
doi:10.2528/PIER07012603

34. Xiao, J. K., S. W. Ma, and S. L. Zhang, "Novel compact split ring stepped-impedance resonator (SIR) bandpass filters with transmission zeros," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 21, 329-339, 2007.
doi:10.2528/PIER07082501

35. Parui, S. K. and S. Das, "Performance enhancement of microstrip open loop resonator band pass filter by defected ground structures," Conf. Proc. IEEE Int. Workshop Antenna Technol. Small Smart Antennas Metamater. Applic., 483-486, 2007.
doi:10.1109/IWAT.2007.370179

36. Yang, G. M., et al., "Ultra-wideband bandpass filter with hybrid quasi-lumped elements and defected ground structure," IET Microwaves Antennas Propag., Vol. 1, No. 3, 733-736, 2007.
doi:10.1049/iet-map:20060288

37. Wang, C.-J., S.-Y. Chen, and Y.-C. Lin, "Improvements of microstrip loop filters," IEEE Int. Workshop Anti-counterfeiting Secur. Identif., 40-43, 2007.
doi:10.1109/IWASID.2007.373691

38. Wu, G.-L., et al., "Design of novel dual-band bandpass filter with microstrip meander-loop resonator and csrr DGS," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 78, 17-24, 2008.
doi:10.2528/PIER07090301

39. Naghshvarian-Jahromi, M. and M. Tayarani, "Miniature planar uwb bandpass filters with circular slots in ground," Progress In Electromagnetics Research Letters, Vol. 3, 87-93, 2008.
doi:10.2528/PIERL08020902

40. Zhenhai, S. and M. Fujise, "Bandpass filter design based on LTCC and DGS," Asia Pacific Microwave Conf. Proc. APMC, Vol. 1, 2-3, 2005.

41. Zhang, Y. L., et al., "Novel substrate integrated waveguide cavity filter with defected ground structure," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., Vol. 53, No. 4, 1280-1287, 2005.
doi:10.1109/TMTT.2005.845750

42. Sharma, R., T. Chakravarty, S. Bhooshan, and A. B. Bhattacharyya, "Design of a novel 3 db microstrip backward wave coupler using defected ground structure," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 65, 261-273, 2006.
doi:10.2528/PIER06100502

43. Choi, H.-J., et al., "Doherty amplifier using load modulation and phase compensation DGS microstrip line," 36th European Microwave Conf., 352-355, 2006.

44. Hosseini, S. A., Z. Atlasbaf, and K. Forooraghi, "Two new loaded compact palnar ultra-wideband antennas using defected ground structures," Progress In Electromagnetics Research B, Vol. 2, 165-176, 2008.
doi:10.2528/PIERB07111802

45. Zainud-Deen, S. H., et al., "Microstrip antenna with defected ground plane structure as a sensor for landmines detection," Progress In Electromagnetics Research B, Vol. 4, 27-39, 2008.
doi:10.2528/PIERB08010203

46. Lim, J.-S., et al., "A 1:6 unequal wilkinson power divider," 36th Microwave Conf., 200-203, 2006.


© Copyright 2010 EMW Publishing. All Rights Reserved