Filter prototypes derived from Gegenbauer polynomials can represent a useful trade-off between amplitude and phase behavior. This paper discusses the main features of this prototype through a comparison with the more classical Chebyshev and Butterworth solutions; it shows, in the case of an X-band waveguide realization, how its intermediate characteristics, with respect to both amplitude and phase responses, can be very useful in satisfying particular filter performance requirements without increasing filter order.
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