Progress In Electromagnetics Research C
ISSN: 1937-8718
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By T. Addepalli and V. R. Anitha

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In this paper, a hexagonal-shaped multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) patch antenna is presented. It covers the S band (2-4 GHz), WLAN (2400-2480 MHz & 5150-5350/5725-5875 MHz), UWB (3.1-10.6 GHz), and X band (8-12 GHz) applications. The proposed structure is simulated and fabricated on an FR4 substrate with overall dimensions of 0.186λ0 x 0.373λ0 and separation of two patches with a distance of 0.053λ0 (where λ0 is the wavelength at 2 GHz). The single UWB patch antenna is derived from the triangular-shaped edge cuttings in the bottom of the rectangular patch antenna with partial & defected ground. The proposed MIMO structure produces simulated results from 2 GHz to 13.3 GHz and measured results from 2.1 GHz to 12.9 GHz, with good agreement. The proposed structure resonates at 3.4 GHz, 5.8 GHz, 10.2 GHz and 11.8 GHz. Isolation improved to below -20 dB by placing an E-shaped tree structure and parasitic element. The radiation efficiency and peak gain values are 78-94% and 1.4-6.6 dB, respectively. Diversity performance of the proposed structure is verified with low envelope correlation coefficient (ECC < 0.04), high diversity gain (DG > 9.985), and acceptable total active reflection coefficient (TARC < -10 dB) values.

T. Addepalli and V. R. Anitha, "Design and Parametric Analysis of Hexagonal Shaped MIMO Patch Antenna for S-Band, WLAN, UWB and X-Band Applications," Progress In Electromagnetics Research C, Vol. 97, 227-240, 2019.

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