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Electric and Magnetic Fields Due to Massive Photons and Their Consequences

By Arbab Ibrahim Arbab
Progress In Electromagnetics Research M, Vol. 34, 153-161, 2014


Allowing photons to bear mass, the electric and magnetic fields of a steadily moving charge are not no longer perpendicular to each other, as anticipated from Biot-Savart law. The electric and magnetic fields of such a particle depend on the gauge potentials, φ and A. The orthogonality relations of the particle fields and the direction of motion depend on the mass of the photon. The non-relativistic correction to the particle fields was found to be related to the Lorenz gauge condition. It is shown that the existence of magnetic monopoles inside matter is inevitable when magnetic filed is applied in a conductor. Their existence is a manifestation of the massive nature of the photon inside matter. Neither electric nor magnetic current is separately conserved for photons, but their sum is. Massive photons are found to produce electric and magnetic fields. A force proportional to the square of the current is found to act along the wire, F = 1/2μ0I2, where μ0 is vacuum permeability.


Arbab Ibrahim Arbab, "Electric and Magnetic Fields Due to Massive Photons and Their Consequences," Progress In Electromagnetics Research M, Vol. 34, 153-161, 2014.


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