PIER C
 
Progress In Electromagnetics Research C
ISSN: 1937-8718
Home | Search | Notification | Authors | Submission | PIERS Home | EM Academy
Home > Vol. 94 > pp. 59-74

ENHANCEMENT BANDWIDTH OF HALF WIDTH-MICROSTRIP LEAKY WAVE ANTENNA USING CIRCULAR SLOTS

By M. K. Mohsen, M. S. M. Isa, A. A. M. Isa, M. K. Abdulhameed, M. L. Attiah, and A. M. Dinar

Full Article PDF (1,433 KB)

Abstract:
This paper presents a new technique to enhance impedance bandwidth of single layer half width microstrip leaky wave antenna (HW-MLWA) with continuous main beam scanning. The enhancement is realized by etching four circular slots on the radiation element. Two of the circular slots are placed close to the feed port, and the others are close to the matching load. The wide main beam scanning is between +12˚ and +70˚ when operation frequency sweeps between 4.3 GHz and 6.5 GHz. A comparison between the Uniform HW-MLWA (reference) and the proposed HW-MLWA with circular slots is providedto study the effectiveness of the added circular slots. The proposed HW-MLWA is fabricated and tested. The measured impedance bandwidth is 49.9% (4.28 GHz to 7.13 GHz) with peak gain 10.31 dBi at 5 GHz, hence the proposed antenna can be considered as a suitable candidate for C-band applications.

Citation:
M. K. Mohsen, M. S. M. Isa, A. A. M. Isa, M. K. Abdulhameed, M. L. Attiah, and A. M. Dinar, "Enhancement Bandwidth of Half Width-Microstrip Leaky Wave Antenna Using Circular Slots," Progress In Electromagnetics Research C, Vol. 94, 59-74, 2019.
doi:10.2528/PIERC19040805

References:
1. Attiah, M. L. and I. Ali, "A survey of mmWave user association mechanisms and spectrum sharing approaches: An overview, open issues and challenges, future research trends," Wirel. Networks, Vol. 0123456789, 2019.

2. Attiah, M. L., A. A. M. Isa, Z. Zakaria, M. K. Abdulhameed, M. K. Mohsen, and A. M. Dinar, "Independence and fairness analysis of 5G mmWave operators utilizing spectrum sharing approach," Wirel. Networks, Vol. 2019, 2019.

3. Sharma, N. and S. Singh Bhatia, "Split ring resonator based multiband hybrid fractal antennas for wireless applications," AEU --- Int. J. Electron. Commun., Vol. 93, 39-52, 2018.

4. Alhegazi, A., Z. Zakaria, N. A. Shairi, A. Salleh, and S. Ahmed, "Compact UWB filtering-antenna with controllable WLAN band rejection using defected microstrip structure," Radio Engineering, Vol. 27, No. 1, 110-117, 2018.

5. Karmokar, D. K., K. P. Esselle, and S. G. Hay, "Fixed-frequency beam steering of microstrip leaky-wave antennas using binary switches," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., Vol. 64, No. 6, 2146-2154, 2016.

6. Mohsen, M. K., M. S. M. Isa, A. A. M. Isa, Z. Zakaria, and M. K. Abdulhameed, "Control radiation pattern for half width microstrip leaky wave antenna by using PIN diodes," Int. J. Electr. Comput. Eng., Vol. 8, No. 5, 2959-2966, 2018.

7. Mohsen, M. K., M. S. M. Isa, Z. Zakaria, A. A. M. Isa, and M. K. Abdulhameed, "Electronically controlled radiation pattern leaky wave antenna array for (C band) application," Telecommunication, Computing, Electronics and Control, TELKOMNIKA, Vol. 17, No. 2, 573-579, 2019.

8. Menzel, W., "A new travelling wave antenna in microstrip," Proc. 8th Eur. Microw. Conf., 302-306, Sep. 1978.

9. Mohsen, M. K., et al., "The fundamental of leaky wave antenna," J. Telecommun. Electron. Comput. Eng., Vol. 10, No. 1, 119-127, 2018.

10. Liu, J., D. R. Jackson, Y. Li, C. Zhang, and Y. Long, "Investigations of SIW leaky-wave antenna for end¯re-radiation with narrow beam and sidelobe suppression," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., Vol. 62, No. 9, 4489-4497, 2014.

11. Mohtashami, Y. and J. Rashed-Mohassel, "A butterfly substrate integrated waveguide leaky-wave antenna," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., Vol. 62, No. 6, 3384-3388, 2014.

12. Guzman-Quiros, R., J. L. Gomez-Tornero, A. R. Weily, and Y. J. Guo, "Electronically steerable 1-d fabry-perot leaky-wave antenna employing a tunable high impedance surface," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., Vol. 60, No. 11, 5046-5055, 2012.

13. Nasimuddin, Z. N. Chen, and X. Qing, "Multilayered composite right/left-handed leaky-wave antenna with consistent gain," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., Vol. 60, No. 11, 5056-5062, 2012.

14. Jin, C. and A. Alphones, "Leaky-wave radiation behavior from a double periodic composite right/left-handed substrate integrated waveguide," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., Vol. 60, No. 4, 1727-1735, 2012.

15. Pourghorban, A. Saghati, M. M. Mirsalehi, and M. H. Neshati, "A HMSIW circularly polarized leaky-wave antenna with backward, broadside, and forward radiation," IEEE Antennas Wirel. Propag. Lett., Vol. 13, 451-454, 2014.

16. Liu, J., D. R. Jackson, and Y. Long, "Substrate integrated waveguide (SIW) leaky-wave antenna with transverse slots," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., Vol. 60, No. 1, 20-29, 2012.

17. Gjokaj, V., P. Chahal, L. Kempel, and E. Rothwell, "A novel 3D printed half-width microstrip leaky-wave antenna," 2017 IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation and USNC-URSI Radio Science Meeting, APSURSI 2017, Vol. 2017, 1249-1250, Jan. 2017.

18. Karmokar, D. K., D. N. P. Thalakotuna, K. P. Esselle, M. Heimlich, and L. Matekovits, "Fixed-frequency beam steering from a stub-loaded microstrip leaky-wave antenna," 2013 International Symposium on Electromagnetic Theory, 436-439, 2013.

19. Liu, J., Y. Li, and Y. Long, "Fundamental even leaky mode in microstrip line loaded with shorting vias," IET Microwaves, Antennas Propag., Vol. 11, No. 1, 129-135, 2017.

20. Karmokar, D. K., K. P. Esselle, and T. S. Bird, "Wideband microstrip leaky-wave antennas with two symmetrical side beams for simultaneous dual-beam scanning," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., Vol. 64, No. 4, 1262-1269, 2016.

21. Weily, A. R., K. P. Esselle, T. S. Bird, and B. C. Sanders, "Dual resonator 1-D EBG antenna with slot array feed for improved radiation bandwidth," IET Microwaves, Antennas Propag.,, Vol. 1, No. 1, 198-203, 2007.

22. Al-tari, M. A., et al., "Bandwidth enhancement of the resonant cavity antenna by using two dielectric superstrates," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., Vol. 61, No. 2, 1898-1908, 2013.

23. Mateo-Segura, C., A. P. Feresidis, S. Member, and G. Goussetis, "Bandwidth enhancement of 2-D leaky-wave antennas with double-layer periodic surfaces," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., Vol. 62, No. 2, 586-593, 2014.

24. Karmokar, D. K. and K. P. Esselle, "Periodic U-slot-loaded dual-band half-width microstrip leaky-wave antennas for forward and backward beam scanning," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., Vol. 63, No. 12, 5372-5381, 2015.

25. Kushiyama, Y., T. Arima, and T. Uno, "Enhancement of bandwidth for a TL resonator based CRLH leaky wave antenna," 2017 International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation (ISAP), Vol. 3, 3-4, 2017.

26. Cameron, T. R. and G. V. Eleftheriades, "Experimental validation of a wideband metasurface for wide-angle scanning leaky-wave antennas," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., Vol. 65, No. 10, 5245-5256, 2017.

27. Wang, L., J. L. Gomez-Tornero, and O. Quevedo-Teruel, "Substrate integrated waveguide leaky-wave antenna with wide bandwidth via prism coupling," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech., Vol. 66, No. 6, 3110-3118, 2018.

28. Zelinski, G. M., G. A. Thiele, M. L. Hastriter, and M. Havrilla, "Half width leaky wave antennas," Eur. Sp. Agency, Special Publ. ESA SP, Vol. 626, 341-348, 2007.

29. Karmokar, D. K., D. N. P. Thalakotuna, K. P. Esselle, L. Matekovits, and M. Heimlich, "Reconfigurable half-width microstrip leaky-wave antenna for fixed-frequency beam scanning," 2013 7th European Conference on Antennas and Propagation, EuCAP 2013, 1314-1317, 2013.

30. Karmokar, D. K., K. P. Esselle, D. N. P. Thalakotuna, M. Heimlich, and L. Matekovits, "A leaky-wave antenna for beam steering in forward and backward directions," 2013 1st IEEE TENCON Spring Conference, TENCON, Spring 2013, 47-50, 2013.

31. Karmokar, D. K., Y. J. Guo, P. Qin, S. Chen, and T. S. Bird, "Substrate integrated waveguide-based periodic backward-to-forward scanning leaky-wave antenna with low cross-polarization," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., Vol. 66, No. 8, 3846-3856, 2018.

32. Deslandes, D., "Design equations for tapered microstrip-to-substrate integrated waveguide transitions," IEEE MTT-S Int. Microw. Symp. Dig., 704-707, 2010.

33. Lu, K., "An efficient method for analysis of arbitrary nonuniform transmission lines," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech., Vol. 45, No. 1, 9-14, 1997.

34. Li, Y., Q. Xue, H. Tan, and Y. Long, "The half-width microstrip leaky wave antenna with the periodic short circuits," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., Vol. 59, No. 9, 3421-3423, 2011.

35. Chen, T. L., Y. De Lin, and J. W. Sheen, "Microstrip-fed microstrip second higher order leaky-mode antenna," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., Vol. 49, No. 6, 855-857, 2001.

36. Lin, Y. and J. Sheen, "Mode distinction and radiation-efficiency analysis of planar leaky-wave line source," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech., Vol. 45, No. 10, 1672-1680, 1997.

37. Martinez-Ros, J. A., J. Luis Gomez-Tornero, and G. Goussetis, "Planar leaky-wave antenna with flexible control of the complex propagation constant," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., Vol. 60, No. 3, 1625-1630, Mar. 2012.

38. Li, Y., Q. Xue, E. K.-N. Yung, and Y. Long, "Quasi microstrip leaky-wave antenna with a two-dimensional beam-scanning capability," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., Vol. 57, No. 2, 347-354, Feb. 2009.

39. Wang, Y.-W., Y.-W. Hsu, and Y.-C. Lin, "An X-type CRLH leaky wave antenna with low cross-polarization," 11th European Conference on Antennas and Propagation, EUCAP 2017, 2180-2183, 2017.

40. Liu, J., D. R. Jackson, and Y. Long, "Substrate integrated waveguide (SIW) leaky-wave antenna with transverse slots," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., Vol. 60, No. 1, 20-29, 2012.

41. Nasimuddin, N., Z. N. Chen, and X. Qing, "Substrate integrated metamaterial-based leaky-wave antenna with improved boresight radiation bandwidth," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., Vol. 61, No. 7, 3451-3457, 2013.

42. Nguyen-Trong, N., T. Kaufmann, and C. Fumeaux, "A wideband omnidirectional horizontally polarized traveling-wave antenna based on half-mode substrate integrated waveguide," IEEE Antennas Wirel. Propag. Lett., Vol. 12, 682-685, 2013.

43. Mateo-Segura, C., A. P. Feresidis, S. Member, and G. Goussetis, "Bandwidth enhancement of 2-D leaky-wave antennas with double-layer periodic surfaces," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., Vol. 62, No. 2, 586-593, 2014.

44. Li, Y., Q. Xue, E. K. N. Yung, and Y. Long, "The periodic half-width microstrip leaky-wave antenna with a backward to forward scanning capability," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., Vol. 58, No. 3, 963-966, 2010.

45. Liu, J., D. R. Jackson, and Y. Long, "Substrate integrated waveguide (SIW) leaky-wave antenna with transverse slots," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., Vol. 60, No. 1, 20-29, 2012.

46. Losito, O., "High efficiency and broadband microstrip leaky-wave antenna," Active and Passive Electronic Components, Vol. 2008, 6 pages, 2008.

47. Chiou, Y., J. Wu, J. Huang, and C. F. Jou, "Design of short microstrip leaky-wave antenna with suppressed back lobe and increased frequency scanning region," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., Vol. 57, No. 10, 3329-3333, 2009.

48. Al-Bassam, A., S. Member, S. Otto, D. Heberling, S. Member, and C. Caloz, "Broadside dual-channel orthogonal-polarization radiation using a double-asymmetric periodic leaky-wave antenna," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., Vol. 65, No. 6, 2855-2864, 2017.

49. Lyu, Y., F. Meng, G. Yang, P. Wang, Q. Wu, and K. Wu, "Periodic leaky-wave antenna based on complementary pair of radiation elements," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., Vol. 66, No. 9, 4503-4515, 2018.


© Copyright 2010 EMW Publishing. All Rights Reserved