PIER M
 
Progress In Electromagnetics Research M
ISSN: 1937-8726
Home | Search | Notification | Authors | Submission | PIERS Home | EM Academy
Home > Vol. 63 > pp. 1-11

CIRCULAR-RING ANTENNA ARRAYS BEING AT THE SAME TIME SPARSE, ISOPHORIC, AND PHASE-ONLY RECONFIGURABLE: OPTIMAL SYNTHESIS VIA CONTINUOUS APERTURE SOURCES

By A. F. Morabito and P. G. Nicolaci

Full Article PDF (1,170 KB)

Abstract:
An innovative and general approach is proposed to the optimal, mask-constrained power synthesis of circular continuous aperture sources able to dynamically reconfigure their radiation behavior by just modifying their phase distribution. The design procedure relies on an effective a-priori exploration of the search space which guarantees the achievement of the globally-optimal solution. The synthesis is cast as a convex programming problem and can handle an arbitrary number of pencil and shaped beams. The achieved solutions are then exploited as reference and benchmark in order to design phase-only reconfigurable isophoric circular-ring sparse arrays. Numerical results concerning new-generation telecommunication systems are provided in support of the given theory.

Citation:
A. F. Morabito and P. G. Nicolaci, "Circular-Ring Antenna Arrays Being at the Same Time Sparse, Isophoric, and Phase-Only Reconfigurable: Optimal Synthesis via Continuous Aperture Sources," Progress In Electromagnetics Research M, Vol. 63, 1-11, 2018.
doi:10.2528/PIERM17091902

References:
1. Bucci, O. M., G. Mazzarella, and G. Panariello, "Reconfigurable arrays by phase-only control," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 39, No. 7, 919-925, 1991.
doi:10.1109/8.86910

2. Buttazzoni, G. and R. Vescovo, "Power synthesis for reconfigurable arrays by phase-only control with simultaneous dynamic range ratio and near-field reduction," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 60, No. 2, 1161-1165, 2012.
doi:10.1109/TAP.2011.2173103

3. Morabito, A. F., T. Isernia, and L. Di Donato, "Optimal synthesis of phase-only reconfigurable linear sparse arrays having uniform-amplitude excitations," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 124, 405-423, 2012.
doi:10.2528/PIER11112210

4. Vescovo, R., "Reconfigurability and beam scanning with phase-only control for antenna arrays," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 56, No. 6, 1555-1565, 2008.
doi:10.1109/TAP.2008.923297

5. Trastoy, A., F. Ares, and E. Moreno, "Phase-only control of antenna sum and shaped patterns through null perturbation," IEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine, Vol. 43, No. 6, 45-54, 2001.
doi:10.1109/74.979495

6. Isernia, T., A. Massa, A. F. Morabito, and P. Rocca, "On the optimal synthesis of phase-only reconfigurable antenna arrays," Proceedings of The 5th European Conference on Antennas and Propagation (EuCAP 2011), 2074-2077, Rome, Italy, article No. 5781977, Apr. 10–15, 2011.

7. Mahanti, G. K., S. Das, and A. Chakraborty, "Design of phase-differentiated reconfigurable array antennas with minimum dynamic range ratio," IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, Vol. 5, No. 1, 262-264, 2006.
doi:10.1109/LAWP.2006.875899

8. Gies, D. and Y. Rahmat-Samii, "Particle swarm optimization for reconfigurable phase-differentiated array design," Microwave and Optical Technology Letters, Vol. 38, No. 3, 168-175, 2003.
doi:10.1002/mop.11005

9. Morabito, A. F., A. Massa, P. Rocca, and T. Isernia, "An effective approach to the synthesis of phase-only reconfigurable linear arrays," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 60, No. 8, 3622-3631, 2012.
doi:10.1109/TAP.2012.2201099

10. Bucci, O. M., S. Perna, and D. Pinchera, "Synthesis of isophoric sparse arrays allowing zoomable beams and arbitrary coverage in satellite communications," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 63, No. 4, 1445-1447, 2015.
doi:10.1109/TAP.2015.2399934

11. Dıaz, X., J. A. Rodriguez, F. Ares, and E. Moreno, "Design of phase-differentiated multiple-pattern antenna arrays," Microwave and Optical Technology Letters, Vol. 26, No. 1, 52-53, 2000.
doi:10.1002/(SICI)1098-2760(20000705)26:1<52::AID-MOP16>3.0.CO;2-0

12. Rocca, P. and A. F. Morabito, "Optimal synthesis of reconfigurable planar arrays with simplified architectures for monopulse radar applications," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 63, No. 3, 1048-1058, 2015.
doi:10.1109/TAP.2014.2386359

13. Morabito, A. F. and P. Rocca, "Optimal synthesis of sum and difference patterns with arbitrary sidelobes subject to common excitations constraints," IEEE Antennas Wireless and Propagation Letters, Vol. 9, 623-626, 2010.
doi:10.1109/LAWP.2010.2053832

14., "ESA/ESTEC Tender AO/1-6338/09/NL/JD," Active Multibeam Sparse Array Demonstrator, 2009.

15. Bucci, O. M., T. Isernia, A. F. Morabito, S. Perna, and D. Pinchera, "Density and element-size tapering for the design of arrays with a reduced number of control points and high efficiency," Proc. Fourth European Conference on Antennas and Propagation (EuCAP 2010), Barcelona, Spain, Article No. 55053774, Apr. 12–16, 2010.

16. Bucci, O. M., T. Isernia, and A. F. Morabito, "An effective deterministic procedure for the synthesis of shaped beams by means of uniform-amplitude linear sparse arrays," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 61, No. 1, 169-175, 2013.
doi:10.1109/TAP.2012.2219844

17. Morabito, A. F. and P. G. Nicolaci, "Optimal synthesis of shaped beams through concentric ring isophoric sparse arrays," IEEE Antennas Wireless and Propagation Letters, Vol. 16, 979-982, 2016.

18. Bucci, O. M., T. Isernia, and A. F. Morabito, "Optimal synthesis of directivity constrained pencil beams by means of circularly symmetric aperture fields," IEEE Antennas Wireless and Propagation Letters, Vol. 8, 1386-1389, 2009.
doi:10.1109/LAWP.2009.2039189

19. Bucci, O. M., T. Isernia, and A. F. Morabito, "Optimal synthesis of circularly symmetric shaped beams," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 62, No. 4, 1954-1964, 2014.
doi:10.1109/TAP.2014.2302842

20. Isernia, T., O. M. Bucci, and N. Fiorentino, "Shaped beam antenna synthesis problem: feasibility criteria and new strategies," Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, Vol. 12, 103-137, 1998.
doi:10.1163/156939398X00098

21. Rocca, P., G. Oliveri, R. J. Mailloux, and A. Massa, "Unconventional phased array architectures and design methodologies --- A review," Proceedings of the IEEE, Vol. 104, No. 3, 544-560, 2016.
doi:10.1109/JPROC.2015.2512389

22. Morabito, A. F., A. R. Lagan`a, G. Sorbello, and T. Isernia, "Mask-constrained power synthesis of maximally sparse linear arrays through a compressive-sensing-driven strategy," Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, Vol. 29, No. 10, 1384-1396, 2015.
doi:10.1080/09205071.2015.1046561

23. Morabito, A. F., A. R. Lagana, and T. Isernia, "Isophoric array antennas with a low number of control points: A ‘size tapered’ solution," Progress In Electromagnetics Research Letters, Vol. 36, 121-131, 2013.
doi:10.2528/PIERL12092705

24. Mahanti, G. K., A. Chakraborty, and S. Das, "Phase-only and amplitude-phase only synthesis of dual-beam pattern linear antenna arrays using floating-point genetic algorithms," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 68, 247-259, 2007.
doi:10.2528/PIER06072301

25. Liu, Y., P. You, C. Zhu, X. Tan, and Q. H. Liu, "Synthesis of sparse or thinned linear and planar arrays generating reconfigurable multiple real patterns by iterative linear programming," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 155, 27-38, 2016.
doi:10.2528/PIER15120401

26. Zhang, S., S.-X. Gong, Y. Guan, P.-F. Zhang, and Q. Gong, "A novel IGA-EDSPSO hybrid algorithm for the synthesis of sparse arrays," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 89, 121-134, 2009.
doi:10.2528/PIER08120806

27. Bucci, O. M., T. Isernia, and A. F. Morabito, "A deterministic approach to the synthesis of pencil beams through planar thinned arrays," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 101, 217-230, 2010.
doi:10.2528/PIER10010104

28. Morabito, A. F., T. Isernia, M. G. Labate, M. Durso, and O. M. Bucci, "Direct radiating arrays for satellite communications via aperiodic tilings," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 93, 107-124, 2009.
doi:10.2528/PIER09040908

29. Morabito, A. F., A. R. Lagana, and L. Di Donato, "Satellite multibeam coverage of earth: Innovative solutions and optimal synthesis of aperture fields," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 156, 135-144, 2016.
doi:10.2528/PIER16061505


© Copyright 2010 EMW Publishing. All Rights Reserved