Vol. 36

Front:[PDF file] Back:[PDF file]
Latest Volume
All Volumes
All Issues
2011-11-09

Design of a Fully Digital Controlled Reconfigurable Switched Beam Concentric Ring Array Antenna Using Firefly and Particle Swarm Optimization Algorithm

By Anirban Chatterjee, Gautam Mahanti, and Arindam Chatterjee
Progress In Electromagnetics Research B, Vol. 36, 113-131, 2012
doi:10.2528/PIERB11083005

Abstract

Reconfigurable antenna arrays are often capable of radiating multiple patterns by modifying the excitation phases of the elements. In this paper a method based on Firefly Algorithm (FA) has been proposed to obtain dual radiation pattern from a concentric ring array of isotropic elements, by finding out two different combinations of states for the switches, which are assumed to be connected with the rings of the array, along with optimum set of 4-bit radial amplitude and 5-bit radial phase distributions of the array elements for the specific switch combinations. The optimum excitations of the array elements in terms of discrete amplitudes and discrete phase, and the different switch combinations for the specific excitations are computed using Firefly Algorithm. To illustrate the effectiveness of Firefly Algorithm, the two beam pairs have been computed by the same procedure from the same array, using Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) algorithm, without changing their design criteria. Results clearly show the superiority of the Firefly Algorithm over Particle Swarm Optimization to handle the proposed problem.

Citation


Anirban Chatterjee, Gautam Mahanti, and Arindam Chatterjee, "Design of a Fully Digital Controlled Reconfigurable Switched Beam Concentric Ring Array Antenna Using Firefly and Particle Swarm Optimization Algorithm," Progress In Electromagnetics Research B, Vol. 36, 113-131, 2012.
doi:10.2528/PIERB11083005
http://www.jpier.org/PIERB/pier.php?paper=11083005

References


    1. Bucci, , O. M., , G. Mazzarella, and G. Panariello, , "Reconfigurable arrays by phase-only control," IEEE Trans. on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 39, No. 7, 919-925, 1991.
    doi:10.1109/8.86910

    2. Diaz, , X., J. A. Rodriguez, F. Ares, and E. Moreno, , "Design of phase-differentiated multiple-pattern antenna arrays," Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett., Vol. 26, 52-53, 2000.
    doi:10.1002/(SICI)1098-2760(20000705)26:1<52::AID-MOP16>3.0.CO;2-0

    3. Durr, , M., , A. Trastoy, and F. Ares, , "Multiple-pattern linear antenna arrays with single prefixed amplitude distributions: Modi¯ed Woodward-Lawson synthesis," Electronics Letters,, Vol. 36, No. 16, 1345-1346, 2000.
    doi:10.1049/el:20000980

    4. Gies, D. and Y. Rahmat-Samii, "Particle swarm optimization for reconfigurable phase-differentiated array design," Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett.,, 168-175, 2003.
    doi:10.1002/mop.11005

    5. Mahanti, , G. K., , A. Chakraborty, and S. Das, "Design of phase-di®erentiated reconfigurable array antennas with minimum dynamic range ratio," IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, Vol. 5, 262-264, 2006.
    doi:10.1109/LAWP.2006.875899

    6. Mahanti, , G. K., , A. Chakraborty, and S. Das, , "Design of fully digital controlled reconfigrable array antennas with fixed Applications, ,", Vol. 21, No. 1, , 97-106, 2007.

    7. Vaitheeswaran, , S. M., , "Dual beam synthesis using element position perturbations and the g3-ga algorithm," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 87, 43-61, 2008.
    doi:10.2528/PIER08091601

    8. Chatterjee, , A., , G. K. Mahanti, and P. R. S. Mahapatra, , "Design of fully digital controlled reconfigurable dual-beam concentric ring array antenna using gravitational search algorithm," Progress In Electromagnetics Research C,, Vol. 18, 59-72, 2011.

    9. Chatterjee, , A., , G. K. Mahanti, and P. R. S. Mahapatra, , "Design of phase-di®erentiated dual-beam concentric ring array antenna using differential evolution algorithm," Communications and Signal Processing, , 280-283, , 2011.

    10. Chatterjee, , A., G. K. Mahanti, and P. R. S. Mahapatra, "Generation of phase-only pencil-beam-pair from concentric ring array antenna using gravitational search algorithm," Proc. Int. Conf. on Communications and Signal Processing, 384-388, 2011.
    doi:10.1109/ICCSP.2011.5739343

    11. Li, , X. , M. Yin, and , "Design of a reconfigurable antenna array with discrete phase shifters using differential evolution algorithm," Progress In Electromagnetics Research B,, Vol. 31, 29-43, 2011.

    12. Biller, , L. , G. Friedman, and , "Optimization of radiation patterns for an array of concentric ring sources," IEEE Trans. on Audio Electroacoustic, , Vol. 21, No. 1, , 57-61, 1973..
    doi:10.1109/TAU.1973.1162432

    13. Kumar, , B. P. , G. R. Branner, and , "Design of low sidelobe circular ring array by element radius optimization, ," Proc. IEEE Antennas and Propagation Int. Symp., , 2032-2035, , 1999.

    14. Li, , Y., , K. C. Ho, and C. Kwan, , "Beampattern synthesis for concentric circular ring array using MMSE design," Proc. Circuits and Systems Int. Symp., , 329-332, 2004.

    15. Dessouky, M. I., , H. A. Sharshar, and Y. A. Albagory, "Effcient sidelobe reduction technique for small-sized concentric circular arrays," Progress In Electromagnetics Research,, Vol. 65, 187-200, 2006.
    doi:10.2528/PIER06092503

    16. Albagory, , Y. A., M. Dessousky, and H. Sharshar, , "An approach for low sidelobe beamforming in uniform concentric circular arrays," Wireless Personal Communications,, Vol. 43, , 1363-1368, 2007.
    doi:10.1007/s11277-007-9310-3

    17. Dessouky, M. I., H. A. Sharshar, and Y. A. Albagory, , "Optimum normalized-gaussian tapering window for side lobe reduction in uniform concentric circular arrays," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, , Vol. Vol. 69, 35-46, 2007.
    doi:10.2528/PIER06111301

    18. Haupt, , R. L., , "Optimized element spacing for low sidelobe concentric ring array," IEEE Trans. on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 56, No. 1, 266-268, 2008.
    doi:10.1109/TAP.2007.913176

    19. Haupt. R. L., , "Thinned concentric ring array," Proc. IEEE Antennas and Propagation Int. Symp., , 1-4, 2008.

    20. Pathak. , N., , P. Nanda, and G. K. Mahanti, , "Synthesis of thinned multiple concentric circular ring array antennas using particle swarm optimization," Journal of Infrared, Millimeter and Terahertz Waves,, Vol. 30, No. 7, 709-716, 2009.
    doi:10.1007/s10762-009-9499-1

    21. Pathak., N, , G. K. Mahanti, S. K. Singh, J. K. Mishra, and A. Chakraborty, , "Synthesis of thinned planar circular array antennas using modi¯ed particle swarm optimization," Progress In Electromagnetics Research Letters, , Vol. 12, 87-97, 2009.
    doi:10.2528/PIERL09090606

    22. Chatterjee, , A., , G. K. Mahanti, and N. N. Pathak, , "Comparative performance of gravitational search algorithm and modified parti- cle swarm optimization algorithm for synthesis of thinned scanned concentric ring array antenna," Progress In Electromagnetics Research B, , Vol. 25, , 331-348, 2010.
    doi:10.2528/PIERB10080405

    23. Chatterjee, A., , G. K. Mahanti, A. Chakrabarty, and P. R. S. Mahapatra, , "Phase-only sidelobe reduction of a uniformly excited concentric ring array antenna using modified particle swarm optimization," ," International Journal of Microwave and Optical Technology, , Vol. 6, No. 1, 57-62, , 2011.

    24. Haupt, R. L., , Antenna Arrays: A Computational Approach,, Wiley-IEEE Press, , 2010.
    doi:10.1002/9780470937464

    25. Yang, , X. S., , "Firefly algorithms for multimodal optimization ," Stochastic Algorithms: Foundations and Applications, , Vol. 5792, 169-178, 2009.
    doi:10.1007/978-3-642-04944-6_14

    26. Lukasik, , S. , S. Z_ ak, and , "Firefly algorithm for continuous constrained optimization tasks," Computational Collective Intelligence. Semantic Web, Social Networks and Multiagent Systems, Vol. 5796, 97-106, 2009..
    doi:10.1007/978-3-642-04441-0_8

    27. Yang, , X. S., , Engineering Optimization: An Introduction with Metaheuristic Applications, , John Wiley & Sons, New Jersey, 2010.
    doi:10.1002/9780470640425

    28. Kennedy, , J. , R. Eberhart, and , "Particle swarm optimization," Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Neural Networks, , Vol. 4, 1942-1948, 1995.
    doi:10.1109/ICNN.1995.488968

    29. Clerc, , M. , J. Kennedy, and , "The particle swarm | explosion stability and convergence in a multidimensional complex space," IEEE Trans. on Evol. Comput.,, Vol. 6, No. 1, 58-73, 2002..
    doi:10.1109/4235.985692

    30. Hollander, , M. , D. A. Wolfe, and , Nonparametric Statistical Methods, , 2nd Ed., John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1999.

    31. Panduro, M. A., C. A. Brizuela, L. I. Balderas, and D. A. Acosta, "A comparison of genetic algorithms, particle swarm optimization and the di®erential evolution method for the design of scanable circular antenna arrays," Progress In Electromagnetics Research B, Vol. 13, 171-186, 2009.
    doi:10.2528/PIERB09011308

    32. Roy, G. G., , S. Das, P. Chakraborty, and P. N. Suganthan, , "Design of non-uniform circular antenna arrays using a modified invasive weed optimization algorithm," IEEE Trans. on Antennas and Propagation,, Vol. 59, No. 1, 110-118, 2011.
    doi:10.1109/TAP.2010.2090477