Two New Loaded Compact Palnar Ultra-Wideband Antennas Using Defected Ground Structures
In this paper, two new line-fed loaded planar antennas are proposed for ultra-wideband applications. The first antenna is a circular patch with a circular ring as a Defected Ground Structure (DGS). A 50 Ohm microstrip line passes through the antenna which is symmetrical between the feed and the load. The impedance bandwidth of the first antenna with S11 < -10 dB is more than 10 GHz, from 3 GHz to more than 13 GHz, in both simulation and measurement. It will be shown that the antenna has quite a stable radiation pattern and also high gain over its bandwidth. The second configuration is a rhomboidal patch which a 50 Ohm microstrip line passes through it. A rhomboidal DGS ring is employed to widen the bandwidth of the proposed antenna. The impedance bandwidth with VSWR < 2 is more than 10 GHz, from 3 GHz to more than 13 GHz, in both simulations and measurement. The second antenna has also quite a stable radiation pattern and high gain values in its frequency band. For these antennas, a wideband 50 Ohm load has been used. Finally, it should be mentioned that the antennas have very compact structures as well as very simple configurations.