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2020-10-09

Theory of Electromagnetic Radiation in Nonlocal Metamaterials --- Part I: Foundations

By Said Mikki
Progress In Electromagnetics Research B, Vol. 89, 63-86, 2020
doi:10.2528/PIERB20043010

Abstract

Nonlocal radiating systems are new functional structures composed of externally applied currents radiating in nonlocal material domains, for example hot plasma, optically active media, or nanoengineered spatially dispersive metamaterials. We here develope the requisite mathematical foundations of the subject needed for investigating how such new generation of radiating systems may be analyzed at a very general level (Part I), while radiation pattern constructions for applications are provided in Part II. A key feature in our approach is the adoption of a fully-fledged momentum space perspective, where the spacetime Fourier transform method is exploited to derive, analyze, and understand how externally-controlled currents embedded into nonlocal media radiate. In particular, we avoid working in the spatio-temporal domain popular in conventional local radiation theory. Instead, we focus on the basic but nontrivial problem of infinite generic (anisotropic or isotropic) homogeneous nonlocal domain excited by an external source and investigate this structure in depth by deriving the dyadic Green's functions of nonlocal media in momentum space. Afterwords, the radiated energy in the far-zone is estimated directly in the spectral domain using a generalized momentum space energy density concept after the use of a suitable power theorem. The derived expressions of the radiation power pattern of the source can be computed analytically provided that the medium dielectric functions and the dispersion relation data of the nonlocal metamaterial are available. Detailed examples and applications of the theory and its algorithm are given in Part II of the present paper.

Citation


Said Mikki, "Theory of Electromagnetic Radiation in Nonlocal Metamaterials --- Part I: Foundations," Progress In Electromagnetics Research B, Vol. 89, 63-86, 2020.
doi:10.2528/PIERB20043010
http://www.jpier.org/PIERB/pier.php?paper=20043010

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