A unit cell based numerical approach to model the metal powders and metal-dielectric composites at microwave frequencies is proposed. The unit cell based numerical modeling helps to compute the equivalent reflection and transmission coefficients of these materials, which are commonly used measured parameters at RF and microwave frequencies. The computation of the reflection and transmission coefficients of these artificial dielectric samples also facilitates the determination of their effective constitutive properties, defined in terms of the effective permittivity and permeability, using the reflection transmission approach. The applicability of the proposed unit cell method is first verified for some mixed dielectrics using the classical mixing formulas, and the standard waveguide approach. Once the validity of the proposed approach is ascertained, the effective constitutive properties of copper powder is determined. A detailed parametric analysis is also carried out in order to study the effect of various parameters such as the packing fraction, the grain size and the gap between adjacent spherical shaped metal particles, on the effective constitutive properties of the copper powder compact. This detailed analysis is quite helpful in order to optimize various parameters of the microwave sintering of metal powders and metal-dielectric composites before the actual start of the sintering process using microwaves.
Mohammad Jaleel Akhtar,
"A Unit Cell Approach to Model and Characterize the Metal Powders and Metal-Dielectric Composites at Microwave Frequencies," Progress In Electromagnetics Research B,
Vol. 49, 363-387, 2013. doi:10.2528/PIERB13012102
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