A novel microstrip-to-CPW resonator is presented, which can be employed to design bandwidth-tunable bandpass filter. The tri-mode resonator is composed of a dual-mode microstrip resonator and a CPW stub printed on a single piece of substrate. Two varactors embedded in the resonator are utilized to adjust the frequencies of the first and third resonant modes independently, thus flexible bandwidth control can be achieved. For demonstration, a prototypical filter is implemented with fixed center frequency of 1.72 GHz and 9.3%-32.6% fractional bandwidth (FBW) tuning range. Good agreement is obtained between the simulated and experimental results.
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