Vol. 27
Latest Volume
All Volumes
PIERB 105 [2024] PIERB 104 [2024] PIERB 103 [2023] PIERB 102 [2023] PIERB 101 [2023] PIERB 100 [2023] PIERB 99 [2023] PIERB 98 [2023] PIERB 97 [2022] PIERB 96 [2022] PIERB 95 [2022] PIERB 94 [2021] PIERB 93 [2021] PIERB 92 [2021] PIERB 91 [2021] PIERB 90 [2021] PIERB 89 [2020] PIERB 88 [2020] PIERB 87 [2020] PIERB 86 [2020] PIERB 85 [2019] PIERB 84 [2019] PIERB 83 [2019] PIERB 82 [2018] PIERB 81 [2018] PIERB 80 [2018] PIERB 79 [2017] PIERB 78 [2017] PIERB 77 [2017] PIERB 76 [2017] PIERB 75 [2017] PIERB 74 [2017] PIERB 73 [2017] PIERB 72 [2017] PIERB 71 [2016] PIERB 70 [2016] PIERB 69 [2016] PIERB 68 [2016] PIERB 67 [2016] PIERB 66 [2016] PIERB 65 [2016] PIERB 64 [2015] PIERB 63 [2015] PIERB 62 [2015] PIERB 61 [2014] PIERB 60 [2014] PIERB 59 [2014] PIERB 58 [2014] PIERB 57 [2014] PIERB 56 [2013] PIERB 55 [2013] PIERB 54 [2013] PIERB 53 [2013] PIERB 52 [2013] PIERB 51 [2013] PIERB 50 [2013] PIERB 49 [2013] PIERB 48 [2013] PIERB 47 [2013] PIERB 46 [2013] PIERB 45 [2012] PIERB 44 [2012] PIERB 43 [2012] PIERB 42 [2012] PIERB 41 [2012] PIERB 40 [2012] PIERB 39 [2012] PIERB 38 [2012] PIERB 37 [2012] PIERB 36 [2012] PIERB 35 [2011] PIERB 34 [2011] PIERB 33 [2011] PIERB 32 [2011] PIERB 31 [2011] PIERB 30 [2011] PIERB 29 [2011] PIERB 28 [2011] PIERB 27 [2011] PIERB 26 [2010] PIERB 25 [2010] PIERB 24 [2010] PIERB 23 [2010] PIERB 22 [2010] PIERB 21 [2010] PIERB 20 [2010] PIERB 19 [2010] PIERB 18 [2009] PIERB 17 [2009] PIERB 16 [2009] PIERB 15 [2009] PIERB 14 [2009] PIERB 13 [2009] PIERB 12 [2009] PIERB 11 [2009] PIERB 10 [2008] PIERB 9 [2008] PIERB 8 [2008] PIERB 7 [2008] PIERB 6 [2008] PIERB 5 [2008] PIERB 4 [2008] PIERB 3 [2008] PIERB 2 [2008] PIERB 1 [2008]
2010-11-29
Detection of Massive Numbers of Dvds by a UHF RFID System
By
Progress In Electromagnetics Research B, Vol. 27, 101-126, 2011
Abstract
This paper aims to provide an effective solution to the problem of detecting a large number of densely stacked DVDs. The number is in the range of 2000. In order to achieve that goal, firstly the structure and the properties of materials comprising a DVD disc and a DVD case are investigated. The effect of the metal layer in the disc on the interrogating wave is evaluated via theoretical analysis and simulation. Based on that analysis and simulation, and on numerous experiments on either a single labeled DVD in free space or multiple labeled DVD in a DVD stack, two solutions are proposed whereby over 95% DVDs in a great portion of a 2000 DVD stack could be detected. Eliminating the tags which have weak performance, the percentage can be 100%. This paper not only expands the range of categories detectable by UHF RFID systems but also provides a process and method for item-level tagging in which the number of the items is in the range of thousands.
Citation
Zhonghao Hu, and Peter Cole, "Detection of Massive Numbers of Dvds by a UHF RFID System," Progress In Electromagnetics Research B, Vol. 27, 101-126, 2011.
doi:10.2528/PIERB10072206
References

1. Bae, J.-H., W. Choi, J. Kim, G.-Y. Choi, and J.-S. Chae, "Study on the demodulation structure of reader receiver in a passive RFID environment," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 91, 243-258, 2009.
doi:10.2528/PIER09021103

2. Fan, Z., S. Qiao, J. T. Huangfu, and L.-X. Ran, "A miniaturized printed dipole antenna with V-shaped ground for 2.45 GHz RFID readers," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 71, 149-158, 2007.
doi:10.2528/PIER07022501

3. Loo, C.-H., K. ElmahgoubKuo, F. Yang, A. Z. Elsherbeni, D. Kajfez, A. Kishk, T. Elsherbeni, L. Ukkonen, L. Sydanheimo, M. Kivikoski, S. Merilampi, and P. Ruuskanen, "Chip impedance matching for UHF RFID tag antenna design," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 81, 359-370, 2008.
doi:10.2528/PIER08011804

4. Chen, S.-L., S.-K. Kuo, and C.-T. Lin, "A metallic RFID tag design for steel-bar and wire-rod management application in the steel industry," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 91, 195-212, 2009.
doi:10.2528/PIER09021304

5. Kuo, S.-K., S.-L. Chen, and C.-T. Lin, "An accurate method for impedance measurement of RFID tag antenna," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 4, 115-126, 2008.
doi:10.2528/PIERB08010607

6. Yarkoni, N. and N. Blaunstein, "Prediction of propagation characteristics in indoor radio communication environments," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 59, 151-174, 2006.
doi:10.2528/PIER05090801

7. Chen, X., F. Lu, and T. T. Ye, "Mutual coupling of stacked UHF RFID antennas in NFC applications," 2009 IEEE Antennas and Propagation Society International Symposium, 1-4, 2009.

8. Riddle, B., J. Baker-Jarvis, and J. Krupka, "Complex permittivity measurements of common plastics over variable temperatures," IEEE Trans. on Microw. Theory, Vol. 51, No. 3, 727-733, 2003.
doi:10.1109/TMTT.2003.808730

9. Bigley, J. D., "Secure optical information disc having a minimized metal layer,", U.S. Patent No. US 7, 187, 645 B2, Feb. 3, 2005.

10. Byers, F. R., "Care and handling of CDs and DVDs," Council on Library and Information Resources, Oct. 2003.

11. Grosvenor, C. A., R. T. Johnk, J. Baker-Jarvis, M. D. Janezic, and B. Riddle, "Time-domain free-field measurements of the relativ permittivity of building materials," IEEE Trans. on Instrum. Meas., Vol. 58, No. 7, 2275-2282, 2009.
doi:10.1109/TIM.2009.2013916

12. "Radiocommunications (low interference potential devices) class licence 2000," Australia Communications and Media Authority, 2000.

13. Kim, D.-Y., H.-G. Yoon, B.-J. Jang, and J.-G. Yook, "Interference analysis of UHF RFID systems," Progress In Electromagnetics Research B, Vol. 4, 115-126, 2008.
doi:10.2528/PIERB08010607

14. "Radio-frequency identity protocols class-1 generation-2 UHF RFID protocol for communications at 860 MHz-960MHz version 1.2.0," EPCglobal, 2008.

15. Shi, X., X.-W. Shi, Q. Huang, and F. Wei, "An enhanced binary anti-collision algorithm of backtracking in RFID system," Progress In Electromagnetics Research B, Vol. 4, 263-271, 2008.
doi:10.2528/PIERB08012304

16. "ISO 6780 flat pallets for intercontinental materials handling --- Principal dimensions and tolerances," The International Organization for Standardization (ISO), 2003.