Vol. 81
Latest Volume
All Volumes
PIERC 129 [2023] PIERC 128 [2023] PIERC 127 [2022] PIERC 126 [2022] PIERC 125 [2022] PIERC 124 [2022] PIERC 123 [2022] PIERC 122 [2022] PIERC 121 [2022] PIERC 120 [2022] PIERC 119 [2022] PIERC 118 [2022] PIERC 117 [2021] PIERC 116 [2021] PIERC 115 [2021] PIERC 114 [2021] PIERC 113 [2021] PIERC 112 [2021] PIERC 111 [2021] PIERC 110 [2021] PIERC 109 [2021] PIERC 108 [2021] PIERC 107 [2021] PIERC 106 [2020] PIERC 105 [2020] PIERC 104 [2020] PIERC 103 [2020] PIERC 102 [2020] PIERC 101 [2020] PIERC 100 [2020] PIERC 99 [2020] PIERC 98 [2020] PIERC 97 [2019] PIERC 96 [2019] PIERC 95 [2019] PIERC 94 [2019] PIERC 93 [2019] PIERC 92 [2019] PIERC 91 [2019] PIERC 90 [2019] PIERC 89 [2019] PIERC 88 [2018] PIERC 87 [2018] PIERC 86 [2018] PIERC 85 [2018] PIERC 84 [2018] PIERC 83 [2018] PIERC 82 [2018] PIERC 81 [2018] PIERC 80 [2018] PIERC 79 [2017] PIERC 78 [2017] PIERC 77 [2017] PIERC 76 [2017] PIERC 75 [2017] PIERC 74 [2017] PIERC 73 [2017] PIERC 72 [2017] PIERC 71 [2017] PIERC 70 [2016] PIERC 69 [2016] PIERC 68 [2016] PIERC 67 [2016] PIERC 66 [2016] PIERC 65 [2016] PIERC 64 [2016] PIERC 63 [2016] PIERC 62 [2016] PIERC 61 [2016] PIERC 60 [2015] PIERC 59 [2015] PIERC 58 [2015] PIERC 57 [2015] PIERC 56 [2015] PIERC 55 [2014] PIERC 54 [2014] PIERC 53 [2014] PIERC 52 [2014] PIERC 51 [2014] PIERC 50 [2014] PIERC 49 [2014] PIERC 48 [2014] PIERC 47 [2014] PIERC 46 [2014] PIERC 45 [2013] PIERC 44 [2013] PIERC 43 [2013] PIERC 42 [2013] PIERC 41 [2013] PIERC 40 [2013] PIERC 39 [2013] PIERC 38 [2013] PIERC 37 [2013] PIERC 36 [2013] PIERC 35 [2013] PIERC 34 [2013] PIERC 33 [2012] PIERC 32 [2012] PIERC 31 [2012] PIERC 30 [2012] PIERC 29 [2012] PIERC 28 [2012] PIERC 27 [2012] PIERC 26 [2012] PIERC 25 [2012] PIERC 24 [2011] PIERC 23 [2011] PIERC 22 [2011] PIERC 21 [2011] PIERC 20 [2011] PIERC 19 [2011] PIERC 18 [2011] PIERC 17 [2010] PIERC 16 [2010] PIERC 15 [2010] PIERC 14 [2010] PIERC 13 [2010] PIERC 12 [2010] PIERC 11 [2009] PIERC 10 [2009] PIERC 9 [2009] PIERC 8 [2009] PIERC 7 [2009] PIERC 6 [2009] PIERC 5 [2008] PIERC 4 [2008] PIERC 3 [2008] PIERC 2 [2008] PIERC 1 [2008]
2018-02-06
Development of a Low Profile Wide-Bandwidth Circularly Polarized Microstrip Antenna for C-Band Airborne CP-SAR Sensor
By
Progress In Electromagnetics Research C, Vol. 81, 77-88, 2018
Abstract
In this paper, a low-profile wide bandwidth circularly polarized microstrip antenna is proposed as element for a C-band airborne circularly polarized synthetic aperture radar sensor. Several bandwidth improvement techniques were proposed and implemented. In order to increase impedance bandwidth, the antenna is constructed using double-stacked substrate with low dielectric constant, modified radiating shape for multi-resonant frequency, and a circle-slotted parasitic patch. Generation of the circularly polarized wave employs a simple square patch with curve corner-truncation as radiating element. The asymmetric position of the feeding is attempted to improve the axial-ratio bandwidth. To avoid a complicated feed network, the antenna is fed by single-feed proximity-coupled microstrip line. The effect of copper-covering on the upper layer for decrease undesired radiation wave emitted by the feeding is also studied and presented. Measurement results show that the impedance bandwidth and axial ratio bandwidth are 20.9% (1,100 MHz) and 4.7% (250 MHz), respectively. Meanwhile the measured gain is 7 dBic at the frequency of 5.3 GHz.
Citation
Cahya Edi Santosa Josaphat Tetuko Sri Sumantyo Katia Urata Chua Ming Yam Koichi Ito Steven Gao , "Development of a Low Profile Wide-Bandwidth Circularly Polarized Microstrip Antenna for C-Band Airborne CP-SAR Sensor," Progress In Electromagnetics Research C, Vol. 81, 77-88, 2018.
doi:10.2528/PIERC17110901
http://www.jpier.org/PIERC/pier.php?paper=17110901
References

1. Sri Sumantyo, J. T., K. V. Chet, L. T. Sze, T. Kawai, T. Ebinuma, Y. Izumi, M. Z. Baharuddin, S. Gao, and K. Ito, "Development of circular polarized synthetic aperture radar onboard UAV JX-1," International Journal of Remote Sensing, Vol. 38, No. 8-10, 2745-2756, 2017.
doi:10.1080/01431161.2016.1275057

2. Ouchi, K., "Recent trend and advance of synthetic aperture radar with selected topics," Remote Sensing, Vol. 5, No. 2, 716-807, 2013.
doi:10.3390/rs5020716

3. Gail, W. B., "Effect of faraday rotation on polarimetric SAR," IEEE Int. Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic System, Vol. 34, No. 1, 301-307, 1998.
doi:10.1109/7.640287

4. Gao, S., Q. Luo, and F. Zhu, Circularly Polarized Antenna, John Willey Sons, 2014.
doi:10.1002/9781118790526

5. Balanis, C. A., Antenna Theory Analysis and Design, 3rd Ed., A John Willey and Sons, New Jersey, 2005.

6. James, J. R. and P. S. Hall, Handbook of Microstrip Antennas, Peter Peregrinus Ltd, London, UK, 1989.

7. Stutzman, W. L. and G. A. Thiele, Antenna Theory and Design, 2nd Ed., John Wiley and Sons, 1998.

8. Carver, K. R. and J. W. Mink, "Microstrip antenna technology," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 29, No. 1, 2-24, 1981.
doi:10.1109/TAP.1981.1142523

9. Hung, K. F. and Y. C. Lin, "Novel broadband circularly polarized cavity-backed aperture antenna with traveling wave excitation," IEEE Transactions on Antenna and Propagation, Vol. 58, No. 1, 35-42, 2009.
doi:10.1109/TAP.2009.2036187

10. Davidson, K., Y. Antar, and A. Freundorfer, "A wideband via fed circularly polarized microstrip antenna on a multi-layer substrate," IEEE Antennas and Propagation Society International Symposium, APS-URSI 2013, Vol. 9, No. 6, 1468-1469, 2013.
doi:10.1109/APS.2013.6711393

11. Singh, D. K., B. K. Kanaujia, S. Dwari, G. P. Pandey, and S. Kumar, "Multiband circularly polarized stacked microstrip antenna," Progress In Electromagnetic Research C, Vol. 56, 55-65, 2015.
doi:10.2528/PIERC14121101

12. Lai, H. W., D. Xue, H. Wong, K. K. So, and X. Y. Zhang, "Broadband circularly polarized patch antenna arrays with multiple layers structure," IEEE Antenna and Wireless Propagation Letters, Vol. 16, 525-528, 2017.
doi:10.1109/LAWP.2016.2587302

13. Pozar, D. M. and B. Kaufman, "Increasing the bandwidth of a microstrip antenna by proximity coupling," Electronics Letters, Vol. 23, No. 8, 368-369, 2007.
doi:10.1049/el:19870270

14. Sharma, P. C. and K. C. Gupta, "Analysis and optimized design of single feed circularly polarized microstrip antennas," IEEE Transactions on Antenna and Propagation, Vol. 31, No. 6, 949-955, 1983.
doi:10.1109/TAP.1983.1143162

15. Chung, K. L. and A. S. Mohan, "A systematic design method to obtain broadband characteristics for singly-fed electromagnetically coupled patch antennas for circularly polarization," IEEE Transactions on Antenna and Propagation, Vol. 51, No. 12, 3239-3248, 2003.
doi:10.1109/TAP.2003.820949

16. Wu, J., X. Ren, Z. Wang, and Y. Yin, "Broadband circularly polarized antenna with L-shaped strip feeding and shorting-pin loading," IEEE Antenna and Wireless Propagation Letters, Vol. 13, 1733-1736, 2015.

17. Targonski, S. D. and M. Pozar, "Design of wideband circularly polarized aperture-coupled microstrip antennas," IEEE Transactions on Antenna and Propagation, Vol. 41, No. 2, 214-220, 1993.
doi:10.1109/8.214613

18. Sze, J. Y. and W. H. Chen, "Axial ratio bandwidth enhancement of a microstrip-line-fed circularly polarized annular-ring slot antenna," IEEE Transactions on Antenna and Propagation, Vol. 59, No. 7, 2450-2456, 2011.
doi:10.1109/TAP.2011.2152314

19. Saini, R. K. and S. Dwari, "A broadband dual circularly polarized square slot antenna," IEEE Transactions on Antenna and Propagation, Vol. 64, No. 1, 290-294, 2015.
doi:10.1109/TAP.2015.2496118

20. Gyasi, K. O., G. Wen, Y. Huang, E. Affum, and W. Hu, "Broadband circularly polarized cross shaped slot antenna with an improved feedline," Progress In Electromagnetics Research C, Vol. 74, 141-149, 2017.

21. Ding, K., C. Gao, T. Yu, D. Qu, and B. Zhang, "Gain-improved broadband circularly polarized antenna array with parasitic patches," IEEE Antenna and Wireless Propagation Letters, Vol. 16, 1468-1471, Dec. 2016.

22. Fu, S., Q. Kong, S. Fang, and Z. Wang, "Broadband circularly polarized microstrip antenna with coplanar parasitic ring slot patch for L-band satellite system application," IEEE Antenna and Wireless Propagation Letters, Vol. 13, No. 1, 943-946, 2014.

23. Sung, Y., "Bandwidth enhancement of a microstrip line-fed printed wide-slot antenna with parasitic center patch," IEEE Transactions on Antenna and Propagation, Vol. 60, No. 4, 1712-1716, 2012.
doi:10.1109/TAP.2012.2186224

24. Yohandri, V. W., I. Firmansyah, P. Rizki Akbar, J. T. Sri Sumantyo, and H. Kuze, "Development of circularly polarized array antenna for synthetic aperture radar broadband sensor installed on UAV," Progess In Electromagnetics Research C, Vol. 19, 119-133, 2011.
doi:10.2528/PIERC10121708

25. Baharuddin, M. Z. and J. T. S. Sumantyo, "Suppressed side-lobe, beam steered, C-band circularly polarized array antenna for airborne synthetic aperture radar," The Journal of Unmanned System Technology, Vol. 4, No. 1, 2016.

26. Yang, W., J. Zhou, Z. Yu, and L. Li, "Single-fed low profile broadband circularly polarized stacked patch antenna," IEEE Transactions on Antenna and Propagation, Vol. 62, No. 10, 5406-5410, 2014.
doi:10.1109/TAP.2014.2344657

27. Ding, K., C. Gao, D. Qu, and Q. Yin, "Compact broadband circularly polarized antenna with parasitic patches," IEEE Transactions on Antenna and Propagation, Vol. 65, 2017.
doi:10.1109/TAP.2017.2738068

28. Rafii, V., J. Nourinia, C. Ghobadi, J. Pourahmadazar, and B. S. Virdee, "Broadband circularly polarized slot antenna array using sequential rotated technique for C-band application," IEEE Antenna and Propagation Letters, Vol. 12, No. 1921, 128-131, 2013.
doi:10.1109/LAWP.2013.2237744

29. Ellis, M. S., Z. Zhao, J. Wu, X. Ding, Z. Nie, and Q. H. Lin, "A novel simple and compact microstrip-fed circularly polarized wide slot antenna with wide axial ratio bandwidth for C-band application," IEEE Transactions on Antenna and Propagation, Vol. 64, No. 4, 1552-1555, 2016.
doi:10.1109/TAP.2016.2526076

30. Zhang, H., Y. C. Jiao, L. Lu, and C. Zhang, "Broadband circularly polarized square-ring-loaded slot antenna with flat gains," IEEE Antenna and Wireless Propagation Letters, Vol. 16, No. 99, 29-32, 2017.
doi:10.1109/LAWP.2016.2553109