Vol. 98
Latest Volume
All Volumes
PIERL 122 [2024] PIERL 121 [2024] PIERL 120 [2024] PIERL 119 [2024] PIERL 118 [2024] PIERL 117 [2024] PIERL 116 [2024] PIERL 115 [2024] PIERL 114 [2023] PIERL 113 [2023] PIERL 112 [2023] PIERL 111 [2023] PIERL 110 [2023] PIERL 109 [2023] PIERL 108 [2023] PIERL 107 [2022] PIERL 106 [2022] PIERL 105 [2022] PIERL 104 [2022] PIERL 103 [2022] PIERL 102 [2022] PIERL 101 [2021] PIERL 100 [2021] PIERL 99 [2021] PIERL 98 [2021] PIERL 97 [2021] PIERL 96 [2021] PIERL 95 [2021] PIERL 94 [2020] PIERL 93 [2020] PIERL 92 [2020] PIERL 91 [2020] PIERL 90 [2020] PIERL 89 [2020] PIERL 88 [2020] PIERL 87 [2019] PIERL 86 [2019] PIERL 85 [2019] PIERL 84 [2019] PIERL 83 [2019] PIERL 82 [2019] PIERL 81 [2019] PIERL 80 [2018] PIERL 79 [2018] PIERL 78 [2018] PIERL 77 [2018] PIERL 76 [2018] PIERL 75 [2018] PIERL 74 [2018] PIERL 73 [2018] PIERL 72 [2018] PIERL 71 [2017] PIERL 70 [2017] PIERL 69 [2017] PIERL 68 [2017] PIERL 67 [2017] PIERL 66 [2017] PIERL 65 [2017] PIERL 64 [2016] PIERL 63 [2016] PIERL 62 [2016] PIERL 61 [2016] PIERL 60 [2016] PIERL 59 [2016] PIERL 58 [2016] PIERL 57 [2015] PIERL 56 [2015] PIERL 55 [2015] PIERL 54 [2015] PIERL 53 [2015] PIERL 52 [2015] PIERL 51 [2015] PIERL 50 [2014] PIERL 49 [2014] PIERL 48 [2014] PIERL 47 [2014] PIERL 46 [2014] PIERL 45 [2014] PIERL 44 [2014] PIERL 43 [2013] PIERL 42 [2013] PIERL 41 [2013] PIERL 40 [2013] PIERL 39 [2013] PIERL 38 [2013] PIERL 37 [2013] PIERL 36 [2013] PIERL 35 [2012] PIERL 34 [2012] PIERL 33 [2012] PIERL 32 [2012] PIERL 31 [2012] PIERL 30 [2012] PIERL 29 [2012] PIERL 28 [2012] PIERL 27 [2011] PIERL 26 [2011] PIERL 25 [2011] PIERL 24 [2011] PIERL 23 [2011] PIERL 22 [2011] PIERL 21 [2011] PIERL 20 [2011] PIERL 19 [2010] PIERL 18 [2010] PIERL 17 [2010] PIERL 16 [2010] PIERL 15 [2010] PIERL 14 [2010] PIERL 13 [2010] PIERL 12 [2009] PIERL 11 [2009] PIERL 10 [2009] PIERL 9 [2009] PIERL 8 [2009] PIERL 7 [2009] PIERL 6 [2009] PIERL 5 [2008] PIERL 4 [2008] PIERL 3 [2008] PIERL 2 [2008] PIERL 1 [2008]
2021-06-07
Surface-Mount PIFA Using Ball Grid Array Packaging for 5G mmWave
By
Progress In Electromagnetics Research Letters, Vol. 98, 55-60, 2021
Abstract
In this letter, a surface-mount planar inverted-F antenna (PIFA) is proposed for the 5G mmWave system using ball grid array packaging (BGA). To meet the requirement of cost-effectiveness, the proposed antenna element is designed on a single FR4 layer to achieve low cost. To achieve a compact size, the BGA packaging is used on the proposed antenna element. Finally, the size of the antenna prototype is only 4.5 mm × 4.5 mm × 1.3 mm. Besides, the surface-mount feature allows the proposed antenna to be integrated with other devices in the same system package. The simulation and measurement results are discussed in detail. The measurement results show that the impedance bandwidth of - 10 dB is 15.3 % (24.7-29.6 GHz), and the peak gain is 5.85 dBi at 28 GHz. The proposed PIFA can be used in the 5G NR bands N257 (26.5-29.5 GHz), N258 (24.25-27.5 GHz), and N261 (27.5-28.35 GHz).
Citation
Xi Wang, Xiubo Liu, Wei Zhang, Dongning Hao, and Yanyan Liu, "Surface-Mount PIFA Using Ball Grid Array Packaging for 5G mmWave ," Progress In Electromagnetics Research Letters, Vol. 98, 55-60, 2021.
doi:10.2528/PIERL21050203
References

1. Andrews, J. G., et al. "What will 5G be?," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., Vol. 32, No. 6, 1065-1082, Jun. 2014.
doi:10.1109/JSAC.2014.2328098

2. Hong, W., K. Baek, and S. Ko, "Millimeter-wave 5G antennas for smartphones: Overview and experimental demonstration," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., Vol. 65, No. 12, 6250-6261, Dec. 2017.
doi:10.1109/TAP.2017.2740963

3. Tang, M., T. Shi, and R. W. Ziolkowski, "A study of 28 GHz, planar, multilayered, electrically small, broadside radiating, huygens source antennas," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., Vol. 65, No. 12, 6345-6354, Dec. 2017.
doi:10.1109/TAP.2017.2700888

4. Park, J., J. Ko, H. Kwon, B. Kang, B. Park, and D. Kim, "A tilted combined beam antenna for 5G communications using a 28-GHz band," IEEE Antennas Wirel. Propag. Lett., Vol. 15, 1685-1688, 2016.
doi:10.1109/LAWP.2016.2523514

5. Zhang, Y. and J. Mao, "An overview of the development of antenna-in-package technology for highly integrated wireless devices," Proc. IEEE, Vol. 107, No. 11, 2265-2280, Nov. 2019.
doi:10.1109/JPROC.2019.2933267

6. Watanabe, A. O., M. Ali, S. Y. B. Sayeed, R. R. Tummala, and M. R. Pulugurtha, "A review of 5G front-end systems package integration," IEEE Trans. Compon. Packag. Manuf. Technol., Vol. 11, No. 1, 118-133, Jan. 2021.
doi:10.1109/TCPMT.2020.3041412

7. Park, J., D. Choi, and W. Hong, "Millimeter-wave phased-array antenna-in-package (AiP) using stamped metal process for enhanced heat dissipation," IEEE Antennas Wirel. Propag. Lett., Vol. 18, No. 11, 2355-2359, Nov. 2019.
doi:10.1109/LAWP.2019.2938229

8. Ahmad, Z. and J. Hesselbarth, "High-efficiency wideband surface-mount elevated 3-D patch antenna for millimeter waves," IEEE Antennas Wirel. Propag. Lett., Vol. 16, 573-576, 2017.
doi:10.1109/LAWP.2017.2682962

9. Rowell, C. and E. Y. Lam, "Mobile-phone antenna design," IEEE Antennas Propag. Mag., Vol. 54, No. 4, 14-34, Aug. 2012.
doi:10.1109/MAP.2012.6309152

10. Kearney, D., M. John, and M. J. Ammann, "Miniature ceramic PIFA for UWB band groups 3 and 6," IEEE Antennas Wirel. Propag. Lett., Vol. 9, 28-31, 2010.
doi:10.1109/LAWP.2010.2041423

11. Kearney, D., M. John, and M. J. Ammann, "Miniature ceramic dual-PIFA antenna to support band group 1 UWB functionality in mobile handset," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., Vol. 59, No. 1, 336-339, Jan. 2011.
doi:10.1109/TAP.2010.2090485

12. Abdelgwad, A. H. and M. Ali, "Capacity and efficiency improvement of MIMO antenna systems for 5G handheld terminals," Progress In Electromagnetics Research C, Vol. 104, 269-283, 2020.
doi:10.2528/PIERC20052103