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2023-05-27
Improving Mutual Coupling in MIMO Antennas Using Different Techniques
By
Progress In Electromagnetics Research C, Vol. 133, 81-95, 2023
Abstract
Two different MIMO antennas configurations are proposed in this paper for operation around 30 GHz with a bandwidth of 0.8 GHz. The proposed configurations are applicable in 5G, 6G and radar systems in Ka-band systems. Each of the proposed configurations consists of four identical rectangular elements where each element is connected to an impedance transformer for impedance mismatch improvement. Due to the close existence of antenna elements, mutual coupling can seriously degrade the gain, signal to noise ratio, matching characteristics, and efficiency of the MIMO antenna systems. To overcome performance degradation, several techniques such as Curved Edges (CE), Defected Ground Structure (DGS), and Band Gap Structure (BGS) are implemented. Simulation was carried out using the commercial Computer Simulation Technology (CST) and High Frequency Structure Simulation Software (HFSS). Prototypes are fabricated and measured. The experimental results show good agreement with the simulated ones. Improvement in the mutual coupling value from -21.4 dB to -27.2 dB also proves the practicality of this design.
Citation
Mostafa A. Nassar, Heba Y. M. Soliman, Rania Mohamed Abdallah, and Esmat A. F. Abdallah, "Improving Mutual Coupling in MIMO Antennas Using Different Techniques," Progress In Electromagnetics Research C, Vol. 133, 81-95, 2023.
doi:10.2528/PIERC23033106
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