Vol. 106
Latest Volume
All Volumes
PIERB 107 [2024] PIERB 106 [2024] PIERB 105 [2024] PIERB 104 [2024] PIERB 103 [2023] PIERB 102 [2023] PIERB 101 [2023] PIERB 100 [2023] PIERB 99 [2023] PIERB 98 [2023] PIERB 97 [2022] PIERB 96 [2022] PIERB 95 [2022] PIERB 94 [2021] PIERB 93 [2021] PIERB 92 [2021] PIERB 91 [2021] PIERB 90 [2021] PIERB 89 [2020] PIERB 88 [2020] PIERB 87 [2020] PIERB 86 [2020] PIERB 85 [2019] PIERB 84 [2019] PIERB 83 [2019] PIERB 82 [2018] PIERB 81 [2018] PIERB 80 [2018] PIERB 79 [2017] PIERB 78 [2017] PIERB 77 [2017] PIERB 76 [2017] PIERB 75 [2017] PIERB 74 [2017] PIERB 73 [2017] PIERB 72 [2017] PIERB 71 [2016] PIERB 70 [2016] PIERB 69 [2016] PIERB 68 [2016] PIERB 67 [2016] PIERB 66 [2016] PIERB 65 [2016] PIERB 64 [2015] PIERB 63 [2015] PIERB 62 [2015] PIERB 61 [2014] PIERB 60 [2014] PIERB 59 [2014] PIERB 58 [2014] PIERB 57 [2014] PIERB 56 [2013] PIERB 55 [2013] PIERB 54 [2013] PIERB 53 [2013] PIERB 52 [2013] PIERB 51 [2013] PIERB 50 [2013] PIERB 49 [2013] PIERB 48 [2013] PIERB 47 [2013] PIERB 46 [2013] PIERB 45 [2012] PIERB 44 [2012] PIERB 43 [2012] PIERB 42 [2012] PIERB 41 [2012] PIERB 40 [2012] PIERB 39 [2012] PIERB 38 [2012] PIERB 37 [2012] PIERB 36 [2012] PIERB 35 [2011] PIERB 34 [2011] PIERB 33 [2011] PIERB 32 [2011] PIERB 31 [2011] PIERB 30 [2011] PIERB 29 [2011] PIERB 28 [2011] PIERB 27 [2011] PIERB 26 [2010] PIERB 25 [2010] PIERB 24 [2010] PIERB 23 [2010] PIERB 22 [2010] PIERB 21 [2010] PIERB 20 [2010] PIERB 19 [2010] PIERB 18 [2009] PIERB 17 [2009] PIERB 16 [2009] PIERB 15 [2009] PIERB 14 [2009] PIERB 13 [2009] PIERB 12 [2009] PIERB 11 [2009] PIERB 10 [2008] PIERB 9 [2008] PIERB 8 [2008] PIERB 7 [2008] PIERB 6 [2008] PIERB 5 [2008] PIERB 4 [2008] PIERB 3 [2008] PIERB 2 [2008] PIERB 1 [2008]
2024-05-26
Wideband Circularly Polarized Exponential Slot Antenna with Rectangular Island for X-Band Satellite Applications
By
Progress In Electromagnetics Research B, Vol. 106, 57-72, 2024
Abstract
This paper introduces a compact, circularly polarized exponential slot antenna with a rectangular island. The concept of the proposed antenna is similar to that of fractal antennas as it is based on designing an asymmetric slot shape with an increased electrical length within a small area, thanks to the exponential path. The obtained results are as follows. The reflection-coefficient |S11| of the proposed antenna covers the band from 5.5 GHz to 9 GHz. The proposed antenna is circularly polarized with an axial-ratio (AR) bandwidth that extends from 6.87 GHz to 8.9 GHz. It offers simultaneous dual circular polarizations (RHCP and LHCP). The gain of the proposed antenna varies between 4.2 dBic and 5.4 dBic. The efficiency reaches 94%. The size of the antenna is compact making it suitable for CubeSats with limited surface area. The proposed antenna intended application is X-band Earth-Space satellite communication. The proposed antenna can be employed for both the X-band satellite downlink (from 7.25 GHz to 7.75 GHz) and uplink (from 7.9 GHz to 8.4 GHz) frequency bands. Additionally, the antenna can be utilized in military applications, and RFID tag tracking-equipment. A prototype of the proposed antenna has been fabricated and then measured using Vector-Network-Analyzer (VNA) and inside an anechoic chamber. The measurement results of the proposed antenna are in excellent match with the simulated ones.
Citation
Mostafa Mahmoud Rabie, Mohamed S. El-Gendy, Angie Reda El Damak, Fawzy Ibrahim, and Hadia El-Hennawy, "Wideband Circularly Polarized Exponential Slot Antenna with Rectangular Island for X-Band Satellite Applications," Progress In Electromagnetics Research B, Vol. 106, 57-72, 2024.
doi:10.2528/PIERB24030302
References

1. El khamlichi, Dahbi, Naima Amar Touhami, Tajeddin Elhamadi, and Mohammed Ali Ennasar, "High-gain and broadband SIW cavity-backed slots antenna for X-band applications," International Journal of Microwave and Wireless Technologies, Vol. 13, No. 10, 1078-1085, 2021.

2. Arnaud, Eric, Jeremy Dugenet, Kevin Elis, Arnaud Girardot, Davy Guihard, Cyrille Menudier, Thierry Monediere, Fanny Roziere, and Marc Thevenot, "Compact isoflux X-band payload telemetry antenna with simultaneous dual circular polarization for LEO satellite applications," IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, Vol. 19, No. 10, 1679-1683, 2020.

3. Leszkowska, Luiza, Mateusz Rzymowski, Krzysztof Nyka, and Lukasz Kulas, "High-gain compact circularly polarized X-band superstrate antenna for CubeSat applications," IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, Vol. 20, No. 11, 2090-2094, 2021.

4. Genovesi, Simone and Francesco Alessio Dicandia, "Characteristic modes analysis of a near-field polarization-conversion metasurface for the design of a wideband circularly polarized X-band antenna," IEEE Access, Vol. 10, 88932-88940, 2022.

5. Yadav, Manish Varun, Sudeep Baudha, and Sri Charan Singam, "Multiple slot planar antenna for X-band satellite mobile communication," 2020 IEEE 7th Uttar Pradesh Section International Conference on Electrical, Electronics and Computer Engineering (UPCON), 1-4, 2020.

6. Adhitya, G., V. Abishek, R. Mohana Sundaram, and Dr. P. Jothilakshmi, "Design of microstrip antenna for X band satellite communications," International Journal of Research and Analytical Reviews, Vol. 6, No. 2, 342-344, May 2019.

7. Imbriale, William A., S. Gao, and Luigi Boccia, Space Antenna Handbook, John Wiley & Sons, 2012.

8. Van Zyl, Jakob, "Application of satellite remote sensing data to the monitoring of global resources," 2012 IEEE Technology Time Machine Symposium (TTM), 1-1, Dresden, Germany, 2013.

9. May, S., "www.nasa.gov," https://www.nasa.gov/audience/forstudents/5-8/features/nasa-knows/what-is-a-satellite-58.html, 2017.

10. Xue, Yong, Yingjie Li, Jie Guang, Xiaoye Zhang, and Jianping Guo, "Small satellite remote sensing and applications --- History, current and future," International Journal of Remote Sensing, Vol. 29, No. 15, 4339-4372, 2008.

11. Hwang, Yeongming, "Satellite antennas," Proceedings of the IEEE, Vol. 80, No. 1, 183-193, 1992.

12. Khac, Kiem Nguyen, Nguyen Duy Phong, Linh Ho Manh, Tuan Anh Le Trong, Hoang Le Huu, Bui Thi Thu Hien, and Dao Ngoc Chien, "A design of circularly polarized array antenna for X-band cubesat satellite communication," 2018 International Conference on Advanced Technologies for Communications (ATC), 53-56, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, 2018.

13. Dicandia, Francesco Alessio, Simone Genovesi, and Agostino Monorchio, "Analysis of the performance enhancement of MIMO systems employing circular polarization," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 65, No. 9, 4824-4835, 2017.

14. Lin, Wei and Hang Wong, "Wideband circular-polarization reconfigurable antenna with L-shaped feeding probes," IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, Vol. 16, 2114-2117, 2017.

15. Fouany, Jamil, Marc Thevenot, Eric Arnaud, François Torres, Cyrille Menudier, Thierry Monediere, and Kevin Elis, "New concept of telemetry X-band circularly polarized antenna payload for CubeSat," IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, Vol. 16, 2987-2991, 2017.

16. Anim, Kyei, Patrick Danuor, Seong-Ook Park, and Young-Bae Jung, "High-efficiency broadband planar array antenna with suspended microstrip slab for X-band SAR onboard small satellites," Sensors, Vol. 22, No. 1, 252, 2022.

17. Balanis, Constantine A., Antenna Theory: Analysis and Design, John Wiley & Sons, 2016.

18. Altaf, Amir, Youngoo Yang, Kang-Yoon Lee, and Keum Cheol Hwang, "Wideband circularly polarized spidron fractal slot antenna with an embedded patch," International Journal of Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 2017, 2017.

19. Kwon, Oh Heon, Won Bin Park, Sungwoo Lee, Jong Min Lee, Young Mi Park, and Keum Cheol Hwang, "3D-printed super-wideband spidron fractal cube antenna with laminated copper," Applied Sciences, Vol. 7, No. 10, 979, 2017.

20. Karmakar, Anirban, "Fractal antennas and arrays: A review and recent developments," International Journal of Microwave and Wireless Technologies, Vol. 13, No. 2, 173-197, 2021.

21. Anantrasirichai, N., S. Chanoodhorm, J. Nakasuwan, P. Rakluea, and T. Wakabayashi, "Designing rectangular slot loop antenna for WLAN application," TENCON 2005 --- 2005 IEEE Region 10 Conference, 1-5, Melbourne, VIC, Australia, 2005.

22. Trinh-Van, Son, Youngoo Yang, Kang-Yoon Lee, Yong Serk Kim, and Keum Cheol Hwang, "Bandwidth-enhanced circularly polarized crescent-shaped slot antenna via circular-patch loading," Applied Sciences, Vol. 9, No. 6, 1117, 2019.

23. Kumar, Barun, Bhupendra Kumar Shukla, Ajay Somkuwar, and Om Prakash Meena, "Analysis of hexagonal wide slot antenna with parasitic element for wireless application," Progress In Electromagnetics Research C, Vol. 94, 145-159, 2019.

24. Abed, Amer T., Mandeep S. J. Singh, and Aqeel M. Jawad, "Investigation of circular polarization technique in Q-slot antenna," International Journal of Microwave and Wireless Technologies, Vol. 12, No. 2, 176-182, 2020.

25. Sun, Xu-bao, Mao-yong Cao, Jian-jun Hao, and Yin-jing Guo, "A rectangular slot antenna with improved bandwidth," AEU --- International Journal of Electronics and Communications, Vol. 66, No. 6, 465-466, 2012.

26. Moitra, Sourav, Asish Kumar Mukhopadhyay, and Anup Kumar Bhattacharjee, "Ku-band substrate integrated waveguide (SIW) slot array antenna for next generation networks," Global Journal of Computer Science and Technology Network, Web & Security, Vol. 13, No. 5, 11-16, 2013.

27. Huang, Tong, Guo-Biao Liu, Hai-Feng Zhang, and Li Zeng, "A new adjustable frequency waveguide circularly polarized antenna based on the solid-state plasma," Applied Physics A, Vol. 125, 1-9, 2019.

28. Mohammadi, Saeid, Javad Nourinia, Changiz Ghobadi, Javad Pourahmadazar, and Majid Shokri, "Compact broadband circularly polarized slot antenna using two linked elliptical slots for C-band applications," IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, Vol. 12, 1094-1097, 2013.

29. Trinh-Van, Son, Youngoo Yang, Kang-Yoon Lee, Yong Serk Kim, and Keum Cheol Hwang, "Bandwidth-enhanced circularly polarized crescent-shaped slot antenna via circular-patch loading," Applied Sciences, Vol. 9, No. 6, 1117, 2019.