Vol. 3
Latest Volume
All Volumes
PIERM 114 [2022] PIERM 113 [2022] PIERM 112 [2022] PIERM 111 [2022] PIERM 110 [2022] PIERM 109 [2022] PIERM 108 [2022] PIERM 107 [2022] PIERM 106 [2021] PIERM 105 [2021] PIERM 104 [2021] PIERM 103 [2021] PIERM 102 [2021] PIERM 101 [2021] PIERM 100 [2021] PIERM 99 [2021] PIERM 98 [2020] PIERM 97 [2020] PIERM 96 [2020] PIERM 95 [2020] PIERM 94 [2020] PIERM 93 [2020] PIERM 92 [2020] PIERM 91 [2020] PIERM 90 [2020] PIERM 89 [2020] PIERM 88 [2020] PIERM 87 [2019] PIERM 86 [2019] PIERM 85 [2019] PIERM 84 [2019] PIERM 83 [2019] PIERM 82 [2019] PIERM 81 [2019] PIERM 80 [2019] PIERM 79 [2019] PIERM 78 [2019] PIERM 77 [2019] PIERM 76 [2018] PIERM 75 [2018] PIERM 74 [2018] PIERM 73 [2018] PIERM 72 [2018] PIERM 71 [2018] PIERM 70 [2018] PIERM 69 [2018] PIERM 68 [2018] PIERM 67 [2018] PIERM 66 [2018] PIERM 65 [2018] PIERM 64 [2018] PIERM 63 [2018] PIERM 62 [2017] PIERM 61 [2017] PIERM 60 [2017] PIERM 59 [2017] PIERM 58 [2017] PIERM 57 [2017] PIERM 56 [2017] PIERM 55 [2017] PIERM 54 [2017] PIERM 53 [2017] PIERM 52 [2016] PIERM 51 [2016] PIERM 50 [2016] PIERM 49 [2016] PIERM 48 [2016] PIERM 47 [2016] PIERM 46 [2016] PIERM 45 [2016] PIERM 44 [2015] PIERM 43 [2015] PIERM 42 [2015] PIERM 41 [2015] PIERM 40 [2014] PIERM 39 [2014] PIERM 38 [2014] PIERM 37 [2014] PIERM 36 [2014] PIERM 35 [2014] PIERM 34 [2014] PIERM 33 [2013] PIERM 32 [2013] PIERM 31 [2013] PIERM 30 [2013] PIERM 29 [2013] PIERM 28 [2013] PIERM 27 [2012] PIERM 26 [2012] PIERM 25 [2012] PIERM 24 [2012] PIERM 23 [2012] PIERM 22 [2012] PIERM 21 [2011] PIERM 20 [2011] PIERM 19 [2011] PIERM 18 [2011] PIERM 17 [2011] PIERM 16 [2011] PIERM 14 [2010] PIERM 13 [2010] PIERM 12 [2010] PIERM 11 [2010] PIERM 10 [2009] PIERM 9 [2009] PIERM 8 [2009] PIERM 7 [2009] PIERM 6 [2009] PIERM 5 [2008] PIERM 4 [2008] PIERM 3 [2008] PIERM 2 [2008] PIERM 1 [2008]
2008-06-24
A Schematic for Broadband Beam Formation Using Time-Delay Technique
By
Progress In Electromagnetics Research M, Vol. 3, 131-139, 2008
Abstract
Simultaneous multiple beam generation by phased array antennas have great importance in recent time, e.g., multiple access satellite communication systems, MIMO (multiple input and multiple output), target tracking radars etc. Here in this article a novel yet simple wideband multiple beam formation network (BFN) has been proposed. Unlike the conventional phase shifter based system, this scheme is based on true time-delay units which is potential for wideband application.
Citation
Quazi Alfred Kousik Bishayee Tapas Chakravarty Salil Sanyal , "A Schematic for Broadband Beam Formation Using Time-Delay Technique," Progress In Electromagnetics Research M, Vol. 3, 131-139, 2008.
doi:10.2528/PIERM08042802
http://www.jpier.org/PIERM/pier.php?paper=08042802
References

1. Bhattacharyya, A. K., Phased Array Antennas, John Wiley, NJ, 2006.

2. Butler, J. L. and R. Lowe, "Beam forming matrix simplifies design of electronically scanned antennas," Electronic Design, Vol. 9, 170-173, Apr. 12, 1961.

3. Levy, R., "High power X-band butler matrix simplifies," Microwave J., Vol. 27, 153, Apr. 1984.

4. Willington, J. R., Analysis, design and performance of a microstrip butler matrix, Proc. European Microwave Conference, Brussels, Belgium, Sept. 1973.

5. Blass, J., "Multi-directional antenna — A new approach to stacked beams," IRE Nat. Conv. Record, Pt. 1, 48--60, 1960.

6. Mosca, S., F. Bilotti, A. Toscano, and L. Vegni, "A novel design method for blass matrix beam-forming network," IEEE Trans. for Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 50, 225-232, Feb. 2002.
doi:10.1109/8.997999

7. Steyskal, H. and J. F. Rose, Digital beam forming for radar, IEE Proc., Vol. 127, Pt. F, No. 4, Aug. 1980.

8. Dessouky, M., H. Sharshar, and Y. Albagory, "A novel tapered beamforming window for uniform concentric circular arrays," Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, Vol. 20, No. 3, 409-415, 2006.
doi:10.1163/156939306775701786

9. Dessouky, M., H. Sharshar, and Y. Albagory, "Improving the cellular coverage from a high altitude platform by novel tapered beamforming technique," Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, Vol. 21, No. 13, 1721-1731, 2007.

10. Liu, W. and R. Langley, "Adaptive wideband beamforming with combined spatial/temporal subband decomposition," PIERS Online, Vol. 3, No. 7, 2007.

11. Liao, G. S., H. Q. Liu, and J. Li, "A subspace-based robust adaptive capon beamforming," PIERS Online, Vol. 2, No. 4, 374-379, Mar. 26--29, 2006.
doi:10.2529/PIERS050906114239

12. Singh, A. Kr., P. Kumar, T. Chakravarty, G. Singh, and S. Bhooshan, "A novel digital beamformer with low angle resolution for vehicle tracking radar," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 66, 229-237, 2006.
doi:10.2528/PIER06112102

13. Fakoukakis, F. E., S. G. Diamantis, A. P. Orfanides, and G. A. Kyriacou, "Development of an adaptive and a switched beam smart antenna system for wireless communications," Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, Vol. 20, No. 3, 399-408, 2006.
doi:10.1163/156939306775701722

14. Wilkinson, E. J., "An N-way hybrid power divider," IRE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., Vol. 8, 116-118, Jan. 1960.
doi:10.1109/TMTT.1960.1124668

15. Lim, S., S.-W. Lee, C.-S. Kim, J.-S. Park, D. Ahn, and S.-W. Nam, "A 4 : 1 unequal wilkinson power divider," IEEE Microwave and Wireless Components Letters, Vol. 11, No. 3, 124-126, Mar. 2001.
doi:10.1109/7260.915624

16. Lim, J.-S., G.-Y. Lee, Y.-C. Jeong, D. Ahn, and K.-S. Choi, A 1 : 6 unequal wilkinson power divider, 36th European Microwave Conference Proceedings, 200-203, Manchester, Sept. 2006.

17. Gu, Y.-J., Z.-G. Shi, K. S. Chen, and Y. Li, "Robust adaptive beamforming for a class of Gaussian steering vector mismatch," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 81, 315-328, 2008.
doi:10.2528/PIER08010202

18. Sanyal, S. K., Q. M. Alfred, T. Chakravarty, "A novel schematic for calibration of large phased array antenna using programmable time-delay units," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 65, 81-91, 2006.

19. Sanyal, S. K., Q. M. Alfred, and T. Chakravarty, "A novel beamswitching algorithm for programmable phased array antenna," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 60, 187-196, 2006.
doi:10.2528/PIER05122502

20. Mouhamadou, M., P. Vaudon, and M. Rammal, "Smart antenna array patterns synthesis: Null steering and multi-user beamforming by phase control," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 60, 95-106, 2006.
doi:10.2528/PIER05112801

21. Song, M. and T. Hong, "Sum and difference multiple beam modulation transmitted by multimode horn antenna for inverse monopulse direction-finding," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 82, 367-380, 2008.
doi:10.2528/PIER08032407

22. Varlamos, P. K. and C. N. Capsalis, "Electronic beam steering using switched parasitic smart antenna arrays," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 36, 101-119, 2002.
doi:10.2528/PIER01100302

23. Ismail, T. H., M. J. Mismar, and M. M. Dawoud, "Linear array pattern synthesis for wide band sector nulling," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 21, 91-101, 1999.
doi:10.2528/PIER98040900

24. Eldek, A. A., "Design of double dipole antenna with enhanced usable bandwidth for wideband phased array applications," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 59, 1-15, 2006.
doi:10.2528/PIER06012001

25. Sotiriou, A. I., P. K. Varlamos, P. T. Trakadas, and C. Capsalis, "Performance of a six-beam switched parasitic planar array under one path Rayleigh fading environment," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 62, 89-106, 2006.
doi:10.2528/PIER06020204

26. Sotiriou, A. I., P. T. Trakadas, and C. Capsalis, "Uplink carrier-to-interference improvement in a cellular communication system when a six-beam switched parasitic array is implemented," Progress In Electromagnetics Research B, Vol. 5, 303-321, 2008.
doi:10.2528/PIERB08012704

27. Yuan, H.-W., S.-X. Gong, P.-F. Zhang, and X. Wang, "Wide scanning phased array antenna using printed dipole antennas with parasitic element ," Progress In Electromagnetics Research Letters, Vol. 2, 187-193, 2008.
doi:10.2528/PIERL08011602