Vol. 59
Latest Volume
All Volumes
PIERM 114 [2022] PIERM 113 [2022] PIERM 112 [2022] PIERM 111 [2022] PIERM 110 [2022] PIERM 109 [2022] PIERM 108 [2022] PIERM 107 [2022] PIERM 106 [2021] PIERM 105 [2021] PIERM 104 [2021] PIERM 103 [2021] PIERM 102 [2021] PIERM 101 [2021] PIERM 100 [2021] PIERM 99 [2021] PIERM 98 [2020] PIERM 97 [2020] PIERM 96 [2020] PIERM 95 [2020] PIERM 94 [2020] PIERM 93 [2020] PIERM 92 [2020] PIERM 91 [2020] PIERM 90 [2020] PIERM 89 [2020] PIERM 88 [2020] PIERM 87 [2019] PIERM 86 [2019] PIERM 85 [2019] PIERM 84 [2019] PIERM 83 [2019] PIERM 82 [2019] PIERM 81 [2019] PIERM 80 [2019] PIERM 79 [2019] PIERM 78 [2019] PIERM 77 [2019] PIERM 76 [2018] PIERM 75 [2018] PIERM 74 [2018] PIERM 73 [2018] PIERM 72 [2018] PIERM 71 [2018] PIERM 70 [2018] PIERM 69 [2018] PIERM 68 [2018] PIERM 67 [2018] PIERM 66 [2018] PIERM 65 [2018] PIERM 64 [2018] PIERM 63 [2018] PIERM 62 [2017] PIERM 61 [2017] PIERM 60 [2017] PIERM 59 [2017] PIERM 58 [2017] PIERM 57 [2017] PIERM 56 [2017] PIERM 55 [2017] PIERM 54 [2017] PIERM 53 [2017] PIERM 52 [2016] PIERM 51 [2016] PIERM 50 [2016] PIERM 49 [2016] PIERM 48 [2016] PIERM 47 [2016] PIERM 46 [2016] PIERM 45 [2016] PIERM 44 [2015] PIERM 43 [2015] PIERM 42 [2015] PIERM 41 [2015] PIERM 40 [2014] PIERM 39 [2014] PIERM 38 [2014] PIERM 37 [2014] PIERM 36 [2014] PIERM 35 [2014] PIERM 34 [2014] PIERM 33 [2013] PIERM 32 [2013] PIERM 31 [2013] PIERM 30 [2013] PIERM 29 [2013] PIERM 28 [2013] PIERM 27 [2012] PIERM 26 [2012] PIERM 25 [2012] PIERM 24 [2012] PIERM 23 [2012] PIERM 22 [2012] PIERM 21 [2011] PIERM 20 [2011] PIERM 19 [2011] PIERM 18 [2011] PIERM 17 [2011] PIERM 16 [2011] PIERM 14 [2010] PIERM 13 [2010] PIERM 12 [2010] PIERM 11 [2010] PIERM 10 [2009] PIERM 9 [2009] PIERM 8 [2009] PIERM 7 [2009] PIERM 6 [2009] PIERM 5 [2008] PIERM 4 [2008] PIERM 3 [2008] PIERM 2 [2008] PIERM 1 [2008]
2017-08-17
A New Low Cost Instantaneous Frequency Measurement System
By
Progress In Electromagnetics Research M, Vol. 59, 171-180, 2017
Abstract
A new low cost method for implementing an Instantaneous Frequency Measurement (IFM) system is presented in this paper. The proposed method is based on dividing the incoming RF signal into four signals and filtering each one by an appropriate band-pass filter. The frequency is then estimated from the power level of the filtered signals. A closed form for the Standard Deviation (STD) and the bias of the frequency estimator is derived. A design example for an IFM system with a working frequency band of 2 to 4 GHz is presented with simulated and measured results. The design is implemented on a commercial FR-4(DE104) substrate using printed circuit board technology. Experiments in a laboratory show a maximum error of about 15 MHz in estimating the frequency value.
Citation
Hossam Badran Mohammad Deeb , "A New Low Cost Instantaneous Frequency Measurement System," Progress In Electromagnetics Research M, Vol. 59, 171-180, 2017.
doi:10.2528/PIERM17060512
http://www.jpier.org/PIERM/pier.php?paper=17060512
References

1. Liang, G. C., C. F. Shien, R. S. Withers, B. F. Cole, M. A. Johansson, and L. P. Suppan, "Superconductive digital instantaneous frequency measurement subsystem," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech., Vol. 41, No. 12, 2368-2375, Dec. 1993.
doi:10.1109/22.260730

2. Gruchala, H. and M. Czyzewski, "The instantaneous frequency measurement receiver in the complex electromagnetic environment," 15th Int. Microw. Radar Wireless Commun. Conf., Vol. 1, 155-158, May 17-19, 2004.

3. East, P. W., "Design techniques and performance of digital IFM," Proc. IEE, Pt. F, 154-163, 129, 1982.

4. East, P. W., "Fifty years of instantaneous frequency measurement," IET Radar, Sonar & Navigation, Vol. 6, No. 2, 2012.
doi:10.1049/iet-rsn.2011.0177

5. Biehl, M., A. Vogt, R. Herwig, M. Neuhaus, E. Crocoll, R. Lochschmied, T. Scherer, and W. Jutzi, "A 4 bit instantaneous frequency meter at 10 GHz with coplanar YBCO delay lines," IEEE Applied Superconductivity, Vol. 5, No. 2, 1995.

6. De Oliveira, B. G. M., F. R. Le Silva, M. T. de Melo, and L. R. G. S. L. Novo, "A new coplanar interferometer for a 5-6 GHz instantaneous frequency measurement system," IEEE Microwave and Optoelectronic Conference, 2009.

7. De Souza, M. F. A., F. R. Le Silva, M. T. de Melo, and L. R .G. S. L. Novo, "Discriminator for instantaneous frequency measurement subsystem based on open-loop resonators," IEEE Microwave Theory and Techniques, Vol. 57, No. 9, Sep. 2009.
doi:10.1109/TMTT.2009.2027179

8. Khramov, K., "The study of statistical characteristics of signals at their processing in logarithmic detector," Second International Scientific-Practical Conference Problems of Infocommunications, Science and Technology, 2015.

9. Moghe, S. B., S. Consolazio, and H. Fudem, "Electronic warfare II - Receivers," Gallium Arsenide Applications Handbook, Vol. 1, 203, 1995.

10. Tsui, J. B., Microwave Receivers with Electronic Warfare Applications, 189, SciTech Publishing Inc., 2005.