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High-Dynamic DOA Estimation Based on Weighted L1 Minimization
Progress In Electromagnetics Research C, Vol. 42, 253-265, 2013
In high dynamic environment, due to the rapid relative movement between receiver and transmitter, the DOA (Direction of Arrival) of signals will change even between two consecutive snapshots. Thus, covariance-based DOA estimation algorithms are ineffective. Compressive sensing algorithms, as a kind of novel DOA estimation algorithms, are still effective with only one snapshot. At the same time, it is noted that the DOA changing is limited by relative moving speed and distance between receiver and transmitter. In this paper, a DOA tracking algorithm based on weighted L1 minimization is proposed which utilizing the DOA changing scope between two consecutive snapshots as a prior to improve the tracking performance. Different from other multiple snapshots compressive sensing algorithms which assumed fixed DOA among multiple consecutive snapshots, the proposed algorithm takes into account the DOA changing among different snapshots. The simulation results demonstrate the advantages of the proposed algorithm.
Wenyi Wang, and Renbiao Wu, "High-Dynamic DOA Estimation Based on Weighted L1 Minimization," Progress In Electromagnetics Research C, Vol. 42, 253-265, 2013.

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