Vol. 93
Latest Volume
All Volumes
PIERL 118 [2024] PIERL 117 [2024] PIERL 116 [2024] PIERL 115 [2024] PIERL 114 [2023] PIERL 113 [2023] PIERL 112 [2023] PIERL 111 [2023] PIERL 110 [2023] PIERL 109 [2023] PIERL 108 [2023] PIERL 107 [2022] PIERL 106 [2022] PIERL 105 [2022] PIERL 104 [2022] PIERL 103 [2022] PIERL 102 [2022] PIERL 101 [2021] PIERL 100 [2021] PIERL 99 [2021] PIERL 98 [2021] PIERL 97 [2021] PIERL 96 [2021] PIERL 95 [2021] PIERL 94 [2020] PIERL 93 [2020] PIERL 92 [2020] PIERL 91 [2020] PIERL 90 [2020] PIERL 89 [2020] PIERL 88 [2020] PIERL 87 [2019] PIERL 86 [2019] PIERL 85 [2019] PIERL 84 [2019] PIERL 83 [2019] PIERL 82 [2019] PIERL 81 [2019] PIERL 80 [2018] PIERL 79 [2018] PIERL 78 [2018] PIERL 77 [2018] PIERL 76 [2018] PIERL 75 [2018] PIERL 74 [2018] PIERL 73 [2018] PIERL 72 [2018] PIERL 71 [2017] PIERL 70 [2017] PIERL 69 [2017] PIERL 68 [2017] PIERL 67 [2017] PIERL 66 [2017] PIERL 65 [2017] PIERL 64 [2016] PIERL 63 [2016] PIERL 62 [2016] PIERL 61 [2016] PIERL 60 [2016] PIERL 59 [2016] PIERL 58 [2016] PIERL 57 [2015] PIERL 56 [2015] PIERL 55 [2015] PIERL 54 [2015] PIERL 53 [2015] PIERL 52 [2015] PIERL 51 [2015] PIERL 50 [2014] PIERL 49 [2014] PIERL 48 [2014] PIERL 47 [2014] PIERL 46 [2014] PIERL 45 [2014] PIERL 44 [2014] PIERL 43 [2013] PIERL 42 [2013] PIERL 41 [2013] PIERL 40 [2013] PIERL 39 [2013] PIERL 38 [2013] PIERL 37 [2013] PIERL 36 [2013] PIERL 35 [2012] PIERL 34 [2012] PIERL 33 [2012] PIERL 32 [2012] PIERL 31 [2012] PIERL 30 [2012] PIERL 29 [2012] PIERL 28 [2012] PIERL 27 [2011] PIERL 26 [2011] PIERL 25 [2011] PIERL 24 [2011] PIERL 23 [2011] PIERL 22 [2011] PIERL 21 [2011] PIERL 20 [2011] PIERL 19 [2010] PIERL 18 [2010] PIERL 17 [2010] PIERL 16 [2010] PIERL 15 [2010] PIERL 14 [2010] PIERL 13 [2010] PIERL 12 [2009] PIERL 11 [2009] PIERL 10 [2009] PIERL 9 [2009] PIERL 8 [2009] PIERL 7 [2009] PIERL 6 [2009] PIERL 5 [2008] PIERL 4 [2008] PIERL 3 [2008] PIERL 2 [2008] PIERL 1 [2008]
2020-10-05
Miniaturization of Microstrip Slot Antenna Using High Refractive Index Metamaterial Based on Single Ring Split Ring Resonator
By
Progress In Electromagnetics Research Letters, Vol. 93, 115-122, 2020
Abstract
In this paper, the miniaturization of the slot antenna is presented for the first time with the use of high refractive index metamaterial. Based on the effective parameter extraction, the studies conducted on Single Ring Split Ring Resonator (SR-SRR) reveal that the unit cell can produce high values of positive refractive index. By taking the advantage of the principle of duality, the slot is loaded with two Complementary SR-SRRs (CSR-SRRs) on either side of it to create an effective HRI medium. With the partial loading of HRI metamaterial medium, the resonance frequency of the slot is brought down from 4.225 GHz to 2.5 GHz. The radiation characteristics of the loaded slot antenna were found to be almost similar to that of the conventional slot antenna. The simulated and measurement results were found in good agreement.
Citation
Gudibandi Bharath Reddy, Murugan Harish Adhithya, and Dhamodharan Sriram Kumar, "Miniaturization of Microstrip Slot Antenna Using High Refractive Index Metamaterial Based on Single Ring Split Ring Resonator," Progress In Electromagnetics Research Letters, Vol. 93, 115-122, 2020.
doi:10.2528/PIERL20060601
References

1. Fallahpour, M. and R. Zoughi, "Antenna miniaturization techniques: A review of topology- and material-based methods," IEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine, Vol. 60, No. 1, 38-50, Feb. 2018.
doi:10.1109/MAP.2017.2774138

2. Ghosh, B., S. M. Haque, D. Mitra, and S. Ghosh, "A loop loading technique for the miniaturization of non-planar and planar antennas," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 58, No. 6, 2116-2121, Jun. 2010.
doi:10.1109/TAP.2010.2046842

3. Ghosh, B., S. M. Haque, and D. Mitra, "Miniaturization of slot antennas using slit and strip loading," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 59, No. 10, 3922-3927, Oct. 2011.
doi:10.1109/TAP.2011.2163754

4. Haque, S. M. and K. M. Parvez, "Slot antenna miniaturization using slit, strip, and loop loading techniques," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 65, No. 5, 2215-2221, May 2017.
doi:10.1109/TAP.2017.2684191

5. Ghosh, B., S. K. M. Haque, and N. R. Yenduri, "Miniaturization of slot antennas using wire loading," IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, Vol. 12, 488-491, 2013.
doi:10.1109/LAWP.2013.2255857

6. Ziolkowski, R. W. and A. D. Kipple, "Application of double negative materials to increase the power radiated by electrically small antennas," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 51, No. 10, 2626-2640, Oct. 2003.
doi:10.1109/TAP.2003.817561

7. Tang, M. and R. W. Ziolkowski, "A study of low-profile, broadside radiation, efficient, electrically small antennas based on complementary split ring resonators," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 61, No. 9, 4419-4430, Sept. 2013.
doi:10.1109/TAP.2013.2267711

8. Lai, A., K. M. K. H. Leong, and T. Itoh, "Infinite wavelength resonant antennas with monopolar radiation pattern based on periodic structures," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 55, No. 3, 868-876, Mar. 2007.
doi:10.1109/TAP.2007.891845

9. Lovat, G., P. Burghignoli, F. Capolino, and D. R. Jackson, "Combinations of low/high permittivity and/or permeability substrates for highly directive planar metamaterial antennas," IET Microwaves, Antennas & Propagation, Vol. 1, No. 1, 177-183, Feb. 2007.
doi:10.1049/iet-map:20050353

10. Bharath Reddy, G., M. Harish Adhithya, and D. Sriram Kumar, "Miniaturization of monopole antenna using high refractive index metamaterial loading," International Journal of RF and Microwave Computer Aided Engineering, e22163, 2020.

11. Jabita, A. A., Design of singly split single ring resonator for measurement of dielectric constant of materials using resonant method, Univ. of Gavle, 2013.

12. Getsinger, W. J., "Circuit duals on planar transmission media," IEEE MTT-S International Microwave Symposium Digest, 154-156, Boston, MA, USA, 1983.

13. Szabo, Z., G. Park, R. Hedge, and E. Li, "A unique extraction of metamaterial parameters based on Kramers-Kronig relationship," IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, Vol. 58, No. 10, 2646-2653, Oct. 2010.
doi:10.1109/TMTT.2010.2065310