Vol. 105
Latest Volume
All Volumes
PIERC 129 [2023] PIERC 128 [2023] PIERC 127 [2022] PIERC 126 [2022] PIERC 125 [2022] PIERC 124 [2022] PIERC 123 [2022] PIERC 122 [2022] PIERC 121 [2022] PIERC 120 [2022] PIERC 119 [2022] PIERC 118 [2022] PIERC 117 [2021] PIERC 116 [2021] PIERC 115 [2021] PIERC 114 [2021] PIERC 113 [2021] PIERC 112 [2021] PIERC 111 [2021] PIERC 110 [2021] PIERC 109 [2021] PIERC 108 [2021] PIERC 107 [2021] PIERC 106 [2020] PIERC 105 [2020] PIERC 104 [2020] PIERC 103 [2020] PIERC 102 [2020] PIERC 101 [2020] PIERC 100 [2020] PIERC 99 [2020] PIERC 98 [2020] PIERC 97 [2019] PIERC 96 [2019] PIERC 95 [2019] PIERC 94 [2019] PIERC 93 [2019] PIERC 92 [2019] PIERC 91 [2019] PIERC 90 [2019] PIERC 89 [2019] PIERC 88 [2018] PIERC 87 [2018] PIERC 86 [2018] PIERC 85 [2018] PIERC 84 [2018] PIERC 83 [2018] PIERC 82 [2018] PIERC 81 [2018] PIERC 80 [2018] PIERC 79 [2017] PIERC 78 [2017] PIERC 77 [2017] PIERC 76 [2017] PIERC 75 [2017] PIERC 74 [2017] PIERC 73 [2017] PIERC 72 [2017] PIERC 71 [2017] PIERC 70 [2016] PIERC 69 [2016] PIERC 68 [2016] PIERC 67 [2016] PIERC 66 [2016] PIERC 65 [2016] PIERC 64 [2016] PIERC 63 [2016] PIERC 62 [2016] PIERC 61 [2016] PIERC 60 [2015] PIERC 59 [2015] PIERC 58 [2015] PIERC 57 [2015] PIERC 56 [2015] PIERC 55 [2014] PIERC 54 [2014] PIERC 53 [2014] PIERC 52 [2014] PIERC 51 [2014] PIERC 50 [2014] PIERC 49 [2014] PIERC 48 [2014] PIERC 47 [2014] PIERC 46 [2014] PIERC 45 [2013] PIERC 44 [2013] PIERC 43 [2013] PIERC 42 [2013] PIERC 41 [2013] PIERC 40 [2013] PIERC 39 [2013] PIERC 38 [2013] PIERC 37 [2013] PIERC 36 [2013] PIERC 35 [2013] PIERC 34 [2013] PIERC 33 [2012] PIERC 32 [2012] PIERC 31 [2012] PIERC 30 [2012] PIERC 29 [2012] PIERC 28 [2012] PIERC 27 [2012] PIERC 26 [2012] PIERC 25 [2012] PIERC 24 [2011] PIERC 23 [2011] PIERC 22 [2011] PIERC 21 [2011] PIERC 20 [2011] PIERC 19 [2011] PIERC 18 [2011] PIERC 17 [2010] PIERC 16 [2010] PIERC 15 [2010] PIERC 14 [2010] PIERC 13 [2010] PIERC 12 [2010] PIERC 11 [2009] PIERC 10 [2009] PIERC 9 [2009] PIERC 8 [2009] PIERC 7 [2009] PIERC 6 [2009] PIERC 5 [2008] PIERC 4 [2008] PIERC 3 [2008] PIERC 2 [2008] PIERC 1 [2008]
2020-09-11
Surface Magnetic Resonance Tomography for Three-Dimensional Groundwater Using a Complex Model
By
Progress In Electromagnetics Research C, Vol. 105, 101-115, 2020
Abstract
In recent years, surface magnetic resonance tomography (MRT), which is applied to the direct determination of the presence of groundwater, has been developed from underground two-dimensional to three-dimensional (3D) imaging. However, because of the influence of subsurface electrical conductivity, the magnetic resonance sounding (MRS) signal has been proved to be a complex-valued form. Moreover, the real and imaginary parts of MRS signals show different sensitivities to aquifers of different depths. In this study, a complex model of 3D MRT with separated loops configuration is introduced to provide accurate water-bearing imaging. Through simulation experiments, we demonstrate that the separated loops configuration is conducive to obtaining the imaginary part signal of MRS. Compared with a conventional model, the complex model has better 3D imaging resolution and sensitivity, especially for the deep regions. Moreover, in the case of noise interference and the presence of a multi-aquifer, the imaging results of complex inversion are reliable. As a result, this study is significant to the further development of multi-channel MRS instruments and provides a feasible method for high-precision imaging.
Citation
Jian Chen YuJing Yang Ling Wan Tingting Lin , "Surface Magnetic Resonance Tomography for Three-Dimensional Groundwater Using a Complex Model," Progress In Electromagnetics Research C, Vol. 105, 101-115, 2020.
doi:10.2528/PIERC20061901
http://www.jpier.org/PIERC/pier.php?paper=20061901
References

1. Yaramanci, U., "Surface Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (SNMR) — A new method for exploration of ground water and aquifer properties," Annali di Geofisica, Vol. 43, No. 6, 1159-1175, 2000.

2. Lubczynski, M. and J. Roy, "Magnetic resonance sounding: New method for ground water assessment," Groundwater, Vol. 42, No. 2, 291-309, 2004.

3. Hertrich, M., M. Braun, T. Gunther, A. G. Green, and U. Yaramanci, "Surface nuclear magnetic resonance tomography," IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, Vol. 45, No. 11, 3752-3759, 2007.

4. Hertrich, M., A. G. Green, M. Braun, and U. Yaramanci, "High-resolution surface-NMR tomography of shallow aquifers based on multi-offset measurements," Geophysics, Vol. 74, No. 6, 47-59, 2009.

5. Braun, M. and U. Yaramanci, "Resistivity inversion of magnetic resonance sounding — Assessment of sensitivity and reliability," Near Surface 2007 — 13th EAGE European Meeting of Environmental and Engineering Geophysics Conference, 2007.

6. Roy, J. and M. W. Lubczynski, "Exploiting the MRS-phase information to enhance detection of masked deep aquifers: Examples from the Netherlands," Near Surface Geophysics, Vol. 12, No. 2, 309-324, 2014.

7. Legchenko, A. V. and O. A. Shushakov, "Inversion of surface NMR data," Geophysics, Vol. 63, No. 1, 75-84, 1998.

8. Weichman, P. B., E. M. Lavely, and M. Ritzwoller, "Surface nuclear magnetic resonance imaging of large systems," Physical Review Letters, Vol. 82, No. 20, 4102-4105, 1999.

9. Weichman, P. B., E. M. Lavely, and M. H. Ritzwoller, "Theory of surface nuclear magnetic resonance with applications to geophysical imaging problems," Physical Review Letters, Vol. 62, No. 1, 1290-1312, 2000.

10. Braun, M., M. Hertrich, and U. Yaramanci, "Complex inversion of surface-NMR signals — Extending the limits of model resolution," Symposium on the Application of Geophysics to Engineering and Environmental Problems Conference, No. 0, 856-867, 2004.

11. Braun, M., M. Hertrich, and U. Yaramanci, "Study on complex inversion of magnetic resonance sounding signals," Near Surface Geophysics, Vol. 3, No. 3, 155-163, 2005.

12. Muller-Petke, M., M. Braun, M. Hertrich, S. Costabel, and J. Walbrecker, "MRSmatlab — A software tool for processing, modeling, and inversion of magnetic resonance sounding data," Geophysics, Vol. 81, No. 4, 9-21, 2016.

13. Chen, B., X. Hu, J. Li, and Y. Liu, "Complex inversion of MRT signals under different loop configurations for groundwater exploration," Groundwater, Vol. 55, No. 2, 171-182, 2017.

14. Jiang, C. D., M. Muller-Petke, Q. Wang, and J. Igel, "Two-dimensional QT inversion of complex magnetic resonance tomography data," Geophysics, Vol. 83, No. 6, 65-75, 2018.

15. Muller-Petke, M. and U. Yaramanci, "QT inversion — Comprehensive use of the complete surface NMR data set," Geophysics, Vol. 75, No. 4, 199-209, 2010.

16. Jiang, C. D., G. Du, and T. Lin, "Magnetic resonance tomography for 3-D water-bearing structures using a loop array layout," IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, Vol. 57, No. 7, 4544-4557, 2019.

17. Hertrich, M., M. Braun, and U. Yaramanci, "Magnetic resonance soundings with separated transmitter and receiver loops," Near Surface Geophysics, Vol. 3, No. 3, 141-154, 2005.

18. Yu, J., "Symmetric gaussian quadrature formulae for tetrahedronal regions," Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, Vol. 43, No. 3, 349-353, 1984.

19. Jiang, C. D., M. Muller-Petke, J. Lin, and U. Yaramanci, "Imaging shallow three-dimensional water-bearing structures using magnetic resonance tomography," Journal of Applied Geophysics, Vol. 116, No. 0, 17-27, 2015.

20. Friedel, S., "Resolution, stability and efficiency of resistivity tomography estimated from a generalized inverse approach," Geophysical Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 153, No. 2, 305-316, 2003.

21. Muller-Petke, M. and U. Yaramanci, "Resolution studies for Magnetic Resonance Sounding (MRS) using the singular value decomposition," Journal of Applied Geophysics, Vol. 66, No. 3–4, 165-175, 2008.

22. Gunther, T., "Inversion methods and resolution analysis for the 2D/3D reconstruction of resistivity structures from DC measurements," University of Mining and Technology Freiberg, 2004.

23. Levitt, M. H., "The signs of frequencies and phases in NMR," Journal of Magnetic Resonance, Vol. 126, No. 1, 164-182, 1997.

24. Tikhonov, A. N. and V. Y. Arsenin, "Solutions of Ill-Posed Problems," V. H. Winston and Sons, 1997.

25. Gunther, T., C. Rucker, and K. Spitzer, "Three-dimensional modelling and inversion of dc resistivity data incorporating topography — II. Inversion," Geophysical Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 166, No. 2, 506-517, 2006.

26. Jiang, C. D., M. Muller-Petke, J. Lin, and U. Yaramanci, "Magnetic resonance tomography using elongated transmitter and in-loop receiver arrays for time-efficient 2-D imaging of subsurface aquifer structures," Geophysical Journal International, Vol. 200, No. 2, 824-836, 2015.

27. Legchenko, A., M. Descloitres, C. Vincent, H. Guyard, H. Garambois, K. Chalikakis, and M. Ezersky, "Three-dimensional magnetic resonance imaging for groundwater," New Journal of Physics, Vol. 13, No. 2, 1367-2630, 2011.

28. Lin, T., M. Chen, W. Du, and J. Zhao, "Signal acquisition module design for multi-channel surface magnetic resonance sounding system," Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 86, No. 11, 0034-6748, 2015.

29. Braun, M. and U. Yaramanci, "Inversion of resistivity in Magnetic Resonance Sounding," Journal of Applied Geophysics, Vol. 66, No. 3–4, 151-164, 2008.

30. Behroozmand, A. A., K. Keating, and E. Auken, "A review of the principles and applications of the NMR technique for near-surface characterization," Surveys in Geophysics, Vol. 36, No. 1, 27-85, 2015.

31. Yaramanci, U. and M. Muller-Petke, "Improvements in inversion of magnetic resonance exploration water content, decay time, and resistivity," Journal of Earth Science, Vol. 20, No. 3, 592-605, 2009.

32. Behroozmand, A. A., E. Auken, G. Fiandaca, and A. Christiansen, "Improvement in MRS parameter estimation by joint and laterally constrained inversion of MRS and TEM data," Geophysics, WB191-WB200, 2012.

33. Vilhelmsen, T. N., A. A. Behroozmand, S. Christensen, and T. H. Nielsen, "Joint inversion of aquifer test, MRS, and TEM data," Water Resources Research, Vol. 50, No. 4, 3965-3975, 2014.