Vol. 111
Latest Volume
All Volumes
PIERM 115 [2023] PIERM 114 [2022] PIERM 113 [2022] PIERM 112 [2022] PIERM 111 [2022] PIERM 110 [2022] PIERM 109 [2022] PIERM 108 [2022] PIERM 107 [2022] PIERM 106 [2021] PIERM 105 [2021] PIERM 104 [2021] PIERM 103 [2021] PIERM 102 [2021] PIERM 101 [2021] PIERM 100 [2021] PIERM 99 [2021] PIERM 98 [2020] PIERM 97 [2020] PIERM 96 [2020] PIERM 95 [2020] PIERM 94 [2020] PIERM 93 [2020] PIERM 92 [2020] PIERM 91 [2020] PIERM 90 [2020] PIERM 89 [2020] PIERM 88 [2020] PIERM 87 [2019] PIERM 86 [2019] PIERM 85 [2019] PIERM 84 [2019] PIERM 83 [2019] PIERM 82 [2019] PIERM 81 [2019] PIERM 80 [2019] PIERM 79 [2019] PIERM 78 [2019] PIERM 77 [2019] PIERM 76 [2018] PIERM 75 [2018] PIERM 74 [2018] PIERM 73 [2018] PIERM 72 [2018] PIERM 71 [2018] PIERM 70 [2018] PIERM 69 [2018] PIERM 68 [2018] PIERM 67 [2018] PIERM 66 [2018] PIERM 65 [2018] PIERM 64 [2018] PIERM 63 [2018] PIERM 62 [2017] PIERM 61 [2017] PIERM 60 [2017] PIERM 59 [2017] PIERM 58 [2017] PIERM 57 [2017] PIERM 56 [2017] PIERM 55 [2017] PIERM 54 [2017] PIERM 53 [2017] PIERM 52 [2016] PIERM 51 [2016] PIERM 50 [2016] PIERM 49 [2016] PIERM 48 [2016] PIERM 47 [2016] PIERM 46 [2016] PIERM 45 [2016] PIERM 44 [2015] PIERM 43 [2015] PIERM 42 [2015] PIERM 41 [2015] PIERM 40 [2014] PIERM 39 [2014] PIERM 38 [2014] PIERM 37 [2014] PIERM 36 [2014] PIERM 35 [2014] PIERM 34 [2014] PIERM 33 [2013] PIERM 32 [2013] PIERM 31 [2013] PIERM 30 [2013] PIERM 29 [2013] PIERM 28 [2013] PIERM 27 [2012] PIERM 26 [2012] PIERM 25 [2012] PIERM 24 [2012] PIERM 23 [2012] PIERM 22 [2012] PIERM 21 [2011] PIERM 20 [2011] PIERM 19 [2011] PIERM 18 [2011] PIERM 17 [2011] PIERM 16 [2011] PIERM 14 [2010] PIERM 13 [2010] PIERM 12 [2010] PIERM 11 [2010] PIERM 10 [2009] PIERM 9 [2009] PIERM 8 [2009] PIERM 7 [2009] PIERM 6 [2009] PIERM 5 [2008] PIERM 4 [2008] PIERM 3 [2008] PIERM 2 [2008] PIERM 1 [2008]
2022-07-13
A Miniaturized 2×2 Double Flare Horn Shaped MIMO Antenna with Enhanced Isolation for k and Ka Band Applications
By
Progress In Electromagnetics Research M, Vol. 111, 159-171, 2022
Abstract
The article presents a compact size and high isolation with 2×2 MIMO, double flare horn shaped antenna for K and Ka bands of mm-wave applications. The overall size of the MIMO antenna 0.19λ×0.19λ×0.01λ mm3 at a lower frequency has been designed, simulated, fabricated and tested. The proposed MIMO antenna components are arranged parallel with identical shaped to provide a high level of inter-element isolation and 50 W micro strip line feed. The antenna covers 18.61-20.01 GHz in the K-band (18-26.5 GHz) and 21.52-33.91 GHz in the Ka-band (26.5-40 GHz) with impedance bandwidths of 7.2% and 44.5% respectively at port-1 and port-2. Maximum peak gain of 6.5 dBi & 8.1 dBi respectively at port-1 and 6.5 dBi&7.9 dBi at port-2 is observed respectively. Diversity characteristics such as envelope correlation coefficient, diversity gain, total active reflection coefficient and channel capacity loss are determined to validate the considered MIMO antenna's work qualities. The isolation of more than 35 dB indicates that the proposed structure is suitable to use a dual-port MIMO antenna. The recommended structure's investigation revealed a steady performance and a high degree of agreement between simulated and measured findings.
Citation
Aditya Kumar Singh Amrees Pandey Piyush Kumar Mishra Ram Suchit Yadav , "A Miniaturized 2×2 Double Flare Horn Shaped MIMO Antenna with Enhanced Isolation for k and Ka Band Applications," Progress In Electromagnetics Research M, Vol. 111, 159-171, 2022.
doi:10.2528/PIERM22050601
http://www.jpier.org/PIERM/pier.php?paper=22050601
References

1. Pi, Z. and F. Khan, "An introduction to millimeter-wave mobile broadband systems," IEEE Communications Magazine, Vol. 49, No. 6, 101-107, 2011.
doi:10.1109/MCOM.2011.5783993

2. Rahimian, A. and F. Mehran, "RF link budget analysis in urban propagation microcell environment for mobile radio communication systems link planning," 2011 International Conference on Wireless Communications and Signal Processing (WCSP), 1-5, IEEE, November 2011.

3. Wang, C. X., F. Haider, X. Gao, X. H. You, Y. Yang, D. Yuan, and E. Hepsaydir, "Cellular architecture and key technologies for 5G wireless communication networks," IEEE Communications Magazine, Vol. 52, No. 2, 122-130, 2014.
doi:10.1109/MCOM.2014.6736752

4. Tan, C. M. and M. R. Tripathy, "A miniaturized T-shaped MIMO antenna for X-band and Ku-band applications with enhanced radiation efficiency," 2018 27th Wireless and Optical Communication Conference (WOCC), 1-5, IEEE, April 2018.

5. Pouyanfar, N., C. Ghobadi, J. Nourinia, K. Pedram, and M. Majidzadeh, "A compact multi-band MIMO antenna with high isolation for C and X bands using defected ground structure," Radioengineering, Vol. 27, No. 3, 686-693, 2018.
doi:10.13164/re.2018.0686

6. Li, Y., C. Wang, H. Yuan, N. Liu, H. Zhao, and X. Li, "A 5G MIMO antenna manufactured by 3-D printing method," IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, Vol. 16, 657-660, 2016.

7. Wang, Q., et al., "5G MIMO conformal microstrip antenna design," Wireless Comms. and Mobile Computing, 1-11, 2017.

8. Alhalabi, R. A. and G. M. Rebeiz, "High-efficiency angled-dipole antennas for millimeter-wave phased array applications," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 56, No. 10, 3136-3142, 2008.
doi:10.1109/TAP.2008.929506

9. Jilani, S. F. and A. Alomainy, "A multiband millimeter-wave 2-D array based on enhanced Franklin antenna for 5G wireless systems," IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, Vol. 16, 2983-2986, 2017.
doi:10.1109/LAWP.2017.2756560

10. Hussain, R., A. T. Alreshaid, S. K. Podilchak, and M. S. Sharawi, "Compact 4G MIMO antenna integrated with a 5G array for current and future mobile handsets," IET Microwaves, Antennas & Propagation, Vol. 11, No. 2, 271-279, 2017.
doi:10.1049/iet-map.2016.0738

11. Wu, D., S. W. Cheung, T. I. Yuk, and X. L. Sun, "A planar MIMO antenna for mobile phones," PIERS Proceedings, 1150-1152, Taipei, March 25-28, 2013.

12. Ou Yang, J., F. Yang, and Z. M. Wang, "Reducing mutual coupling of closely spaced microstrip MIMO antennas for WLAN application," IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, Vol. 10, 310-313, 2011.
doi:10.1109/LAWP.2011.2140310

13. Chiu, C. Y., C. H. Cheng, R. D. Murch, and C. R. Rowell, "Reduction of mutual coupling between closely-packed antenna elements," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 55, No. 6, 1732-1738, 2007.
doi:10.1109/TAP.2007.898618

14. Chilukuri, S., K. Dahal, and A. Lokam, "Multi-port pattern diversity antenna for K and Ka-band application," Advanced Electromagnetics, Vol. 7, No. 2, 5-9, 2018.
doi:10.7716/aem.v7i2.687

15. Murali Krishna, C., M. Sai Prapoorna, K. Taruni Sesha Sai, and M. Sai Teja, "Super wideband 1 x 2 MIMO antenna for advanced wireless communication," Advances in Electrical and Computer Technologies, 509-519, Springer, Singapore, 2021.

16. Park, J. S., J. B. Ko, H. K. Kwon, B. S. Kang, B. Park, and D. Kim, "A tilted combined beam antenna for 5G communications using a 28-GHz band," IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, Vol. 15, 1685-1688, 2016.
doi:10.1109/LAWP.2016.2523514

17. Urimubenshi, F., D. B. Konditi, J. de Dieu Iyakaremye, P. M. Mpele, and A. Munyaneza, "A novel approach for low mutual coupling and ultra-compact two port MIMO antenna development for UWB wireless application," Heliyon, Vol. 8, No. 3, e09057, 2022.
doi:10.1016/j.heliyon.2022.e09057

18. Cicchetti, R., E. Miozzi, and O. Testa, "Wideband and UWB antennas for wireless applications: A comprehensive review," International Journal of Antennas and Propagation, 2017.

19. Dwivedi, A. K., A. Sharma, A. K. Singh, and V. Singh, "Circularly polarized quad-port MIMO dielectric resonator antenna with beam tilting feature for vehicular communication," IETE Technical Review, 1-13, 2020.

20. Dwivedi, A. K., A. Sharma, A. K. Singh, and V. Singh, "Metamaterial inspired dielectric resonator MIMO antenna for isolation enhancement and linear to circular polarization of waves," Measurement, Vol. 182, 109681, 2021.
doi:10.1016/j.measurement.2021.109681

21. Addepalli, T. and V. R. Anitha, "Compact two-port MIMO antenna with high isolation using parasitic reflectors for UWB, X and Ku band applications," Progress In Electromagnetics Research C, Vol. 102, 63-77, 2020.
doi:10.2528/PIERC20030402

22. Sehrai, D. A., M. Abdullah, A. Altaf, S. H. Kiani, F. Muhammad, M. Tufail, and S. Rahman, "A novel high gain wideband MIMO antenna for 5G millimeter wave applications," Electronics, Vol. 9, No. 6, 1031, 2020.
doi:10.3390/electronics9061031

23. Rahman, S., X. C. Ren, A. Altaf, M. Irfan, M. Abdullah, F. Muhammad, and F. S. AlKahtani, "Nature inspired MIMO antenna system for future mmWave technologies," Micromachines, Vol. 11, No. 12, 1083, 2020.
doi:10.3390/mi11121083

24. Rappaport, T. S., Y. Xing, G. R. MacCartney, A. F. Molisch, E. Mellios, and J. Zhang, "Overview of millimeter wave communications for fifth-generation (5G) wireless networks --- With a focus on propagation models," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 65, No. 12, 6213-6230, 2017.
doi:10.1109/TAP.2017.2734243

25. Sharawi, M. S., S. K. Podilchak, M. T. Hussain, and Y. M. Antar, "Dielectric resonator based MIMO antenna system enabling millimetre-wave mobile devices," IET Microwaves, Antennas & Propagation, Vol. 11, No. 2, 287-293, 2017.
doi:10.1049/iet-map.2016.0457

26. Saxena, G., P. Jain, and Y. K. Awasthi, "High diversity gain super-wideband single band-notch MIMO antenna for multiple wireless applications," IET Microwaves, Antennas & Propagation, Vol. 14, No. 1, 109-119, 2020.
doi:10.1049/iet-map.2019.0450

27. Bhatia, S. S., "Modified spokes wheel shaped MIMO antenna system for multiband and future 5G applications: Design and measurement," Progress In Electromagnetics Research C, Vol. 117, 261-276, 2021.
doi:10.2528/PIERC21111102

28. Pandey, A., A. K. Singh, S. Singh, and R. Singh, "A compact Ultra-Wideband (UWB) MIMO antenna for K and Ka band applications," IOT with Smart Systems, 117-126, Springer, Singapore, 2022.