A quad-element reconfigurable radiation pattern Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO) antenna is designed for WLAN and 5G applications suitable for indoor wireless communications. Antenna system consists of four radiating elements that operate over triband frequencies 2.4, 3.5 and 5.5 GHz. Moreover, the pattern diversity is obtained by introducing two diagonally crossed slots in the radiator to steer the main beams of the antenna in eight different angular directions using eight PIN diodes. The overall physical dimension of the proposed antenna is about 0.55λ0 × 0.55λ0. In addition, an Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene (ABS) enclosure is designed, and the performance of the proposed antenna is evaluated. The measurement results show that the proposed antenna has an impedance bandwidth of 4.18%, 14.13%, and 28.5% at the said frequencies, respectively.
Thipparaju Rama Rao,
"Quad Element Reconfigurable Radiation Pattern MIMO Antenna for Indoor Wireless Communication," Progress In Electromagnetics Research Letters,
Vol. 112, 1-8, 2023. doi:10.2528/PIERL23052203
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