Vol. 139
Latest Volume
All Volumes
PIERC 142 [2024] PIERC 141 [2024] PIERC 140 [2024] PIERC 139 [2024] PIERC 138 [2023] PIERC 137 [2023] PIERC 136 [2023] PIERC 135 [2023] PIERC 134 [2023] PIERC 133 [2023] PIERC 132 [2023] PIERC 131 [2023] PIERC 130 [2023] PIERC 129 [2023] PIERC 128 [2023] PIERC 127 [2022] PIERC 126 [2022] PIERC 125 [2022] PIERC 124 [2022] PIERC 123 [2022] PIERC 122 [2022] PIERC 121 [2022] PIERC 120 [2022] PIERC 119 [2022] PIERC 118 [2022] PIERC 117 [2021] PIERC 116 [2021] PIERC 115 [2021] PIERC 114 [2021] PIERC 113 [2021] PIERC 112 [2021] PIERC 111 [2021] PIERC 110 [2021] PIERC 109 [2021] PIERC 108 [2021] PIERC 107 [2021] PIERC 106 [2020] PIERC 105 [2020] PIERC 104 [2020] PIERC 103 [2020] PIERC 102 [2020] PIERC 101 [2020] PIERC 100 [2020] PIERC 99 [2020] PIERC 98 [2020] PIERC 97 [2019] PIERC 96 [2019] PIERC 95 [2019] PIERC 94 [2019] PIERC 93 [2019] PIERC 92 [2019] PIERC 91 [2019] PIERC 90 [2019] PIERC 89 [2019] PIERC 88 [2018] PIERC 87 [2018] PIERC 86 [2018] PIERC 85 [2018] PIERC 84 [2018] PIERC 83 [2018] PIERC 82 [2018] PIERC 81 [2018] PIERC 80 [2018] PIERC 79 [2017] PIERC 78 [2017] PIERC 77 [2017] PIERC 76 [2017] PIERC 75 [2017] PIERC 74 [2017] PIERC 73 [2017] PIERC 72 [2017] PIERC 71 [2017] PIERC 70 [2016] PIERC 69 [2016] PIERC 68 [2016] PIERC 67 [2016] PIERC 66 [2016] PIERC 65 [2016] PIERC 64 [2016] PIERC 63 [2016] PIERC 62 [2016] PIERC 61 [2016] PIERC 60 [2015] PIERC 59 [2015] PIERC 58 [2015] PIERC 57 [2015] PIERC 56 [2015] PIERC 55 [2014] PIERC 54 [2014] PIERC 53 [2014] PIERC 52 [2014] PIERC 51 [2014] PIERC 50 [2014] PIERC 49 [2014] PIERC 48 [2014] PIERC 47 [2014] PIERC 46 [2014] PIERC 45 [2013] PIERC 44 [2013] PIERC 43 [2013] PIERC 42 [2013] PIERC 41 [2013] PIERC 40 [2013] PIERC 39 [2013] PIERC 38 [2013] PIERC 37 [2013] PIERC 36 [2013] PIERC 35 [2013] PIERC 34 [2013] PIERC 33 [2012] PIERC 32 [2012] PIERC 31 [2012] PIERC 30 [2012] PIERC 29 [2012] PIERC 28 [2012] PIERC 27 [2012] PIERC 26 [2012] PIERC 25 [2012] PIERC 24 [2011] PIERC 23 [2011] PIERC 22 [2011] PIERC 21 [2011] PIERC 20 [2011] PIERC 19 [2011] PIERC 18 [2011] PIERC 17 [2010] PIERC 16 [2010] PIERC 15 [2010] PIERC 14 [2010] PIERC 13 [2010] PIERC 12 [2010] PIERC 11 [2009] PIERC 10 [2009] PIERC 9 [2009] PIERC 8 [2009] PIERC 7 [2009] PIERC 6 [2009] PIERC 5 [2008] PIERC 4 [2008] PIERC 3 [2008] PIERC 2 [2008] PIERC 1 [2008]
2023-12-07
A Low-Profile, Size-Reduced, High Gain, Circularly Polarized Anti-Jam Global Positioning System Antenna Array
By
Progress In Electromagnetics Research C, Vol. 139, 79-86, 2024
Abstract
A high gain, circularly polarized array antenna is proposed with low profile and compact size using T-shaped top loading, t-matching, and a reflector. Composed of 4 individual elements, the array has a -3-dB impedance bandwidth of 1.39% (1.564-1.586 GHz) and a 3-dB axial ratio beamwidth of 79° (-42°-37°) in measurement. The front-to-side ratio of the total realized gain pattern is 27.1 dB and the front-to-back ratio is 25.5 dB. The peak realized gain is 11.0 dBi in the forward (+z) direction. The proposed antenna is a good candidate for functioning as an anti-jam antenna in global positioning system, helping to block out jamming signals coming from the horizontal (90° and 270°) planes.
Citation
Grant Evans, Jack Nemec, Victor Obi, and Sungkyun Lim, "A Low-Profile, Size-Reduced, High Gain, Circularly Polarized Anti-Jam Global Positioning System Antenna Array," Progress In Electromagnetics Research C, Vol. 139, 79-86, 2024.
doi:10.2528/PIERC23100802
References

1. Stutzman, W. L. and G. A. Thiele, Antenna Theory Design, 3 Ed., Wiley, 2013.

2. Zheng, Yue, Yikun Huang, and Yuanxun E. Wang, "Design of small GPS anti-jam antenna," 2018 IEEE Antennas and Propagation Society International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation & Usnc/ursi National Radio Science Meeting, 1289-1290, Boston, MA, USA, Jul. 08-13 2018.

3. Rezazadeh, Navid and Lotfollah Shafai, "A compact antenna for GPS anti-jamming in airborne applications," IEEE Access, Vol. 7, 154253-154259, 2019.
doi:10.1109/ACCESS.2019.2948823

4. Thews, Jonathan, Alan O'Donnell, and Alan J. Michaels, "Design and analysis of two-dimensional parasitic liquid metal monopole array," Milcom 2017 --- 2017 IEEE Military Communications Conference (milcom), 812-816, Baltimore, Md, USA, Oct. 23-25 2017.

5. Yu, Jay J. and Sungkyun Lim, "Design of an electrically small, circularly polarized, parasitic array antenna for an active 433.92-MHz RFID handheld reader," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 60, No. 5, 2549-2554, May 2012.
doi:10.1109/TAP.2012.2189850

6. Lim, Sungkyun, Jinxi Chen, and Cameron Cato, "Design of a thin, electrically small, two-element parasitic array with circular polarization," IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, Vol. 17, No. 6, 1006-1009, Jun. 2018.
doi:10.1109/LAWP.2018.2829201

7. Lu, Jui-Han and Chong-Wei Liou, "Planar dual-band circular polarization monopole antenna for wireless local area networks," IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, Vol. 14, 478-481, 2015.
doi:10.1109/LAWP.2014.2368137

8. Lin, Wei and Hang Wong, "Wideband circular-polarization reconfigurable antenna with L-shaped feeding probes," IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, Vol. 16, 2114-2117, 2017.
doi:10.1109/LAWP.2017.2699289

9. Huang, J., "A technique for an array to generate circular-polarization with linearly polarized elements," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 34, No. 9, 1113-1124, Sep. 1986.
doi:10.1109/TAP.1986.1143953

10. Tae, Hyun-Sung, Kyoung-Sub Oh, Wang-Ik Son, Won-Gyu Lim, and Jong-Won Yu, "Design of compact dual-band quadruple inverted-F/L antenna for gps l1/l2 band," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 61, No. 4, 2, 2276-2279, Apr. 2013.
doi:10.1109/TAP.2012.2231921

11. Row, Jeen-Sheen and Li-Kai Kuo, "Pattern-reconfigurable array based on a circularly polarized antenna with broadband operation and high front-to-back ratio," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 68, No. 5, 4109-4113, May 2020.
doi:10.1109/TAP.2019.2948679

12. Zhao, Ming-Yang, Yi-Jun Zhu, Tao Wang, Tian-Peng Li, Ben-Long Xiao, Feng-Liang Niu, and Xue Lei, "A wideband scanning circularly polarized array antenna based on the shorted transmission line model," IEEE Access, Vol. 10, 78493-78501, 2022.
doi:10.1109/ACCESS.2022.3193692

13. Chen, Jinxi, Jesse Ludwig, and Sungkyun Lim, "Design of a compact log-periodic dipole array using T-shaped top loadings," IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, Vol. 16, 2017.
doi:10.1109/LAWP.2017.2652125

14. Yeo, Junho and Jong-Ig Lee, "Modified series-fed two-dipole-array antenna with reduced size," IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, Vol. 12, 214-217, 2013.
doi:10.1109/LAWP.2013.2245297

15. Sievenpiper, Daniel F., David C. Dawson, Minu M. Jacob, Tumay Kanar, Sanghoon Kim, Jiang Long, and Ryan G. Quarfoth, "Experimental validation of performance limits and design guidelines for small antennas," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 60, No. 1, 8-19, Jan. 2012.
doi:10.1109/TAP.2011.2167938

16. Lim, Sungkyun and Hao Ling, "Design of a closely spaced, folded Yagi antenna," IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, Vol. 5, 302-305, 2006.
doi:10.1109/LAWP.2006.878892

17. Ulaby, F. T., Fundamentals of Applied Electromagnetics, 5 Ed., Pearson Prentice Hall, 2009.

18. Sajjad, Hassan, Waleed Tariq Sethi, Khan Zeb, and Adnan Mairaj, "Microstrip patch antenna array at 3.8 GHz for WiMax and UAV applications," 2014 International Workshop on Antenna Technology: ``small Antennas, Novel Em Structures and Materials, and Applications{'', 107-110, Mar. 04-06 2014.

19. Pozar, D. M., Microwave Engineering, 2 Ed., John Wiley & Sons, 1998.

20. Smith, Lauryn P., James C. Howell, and Sungkyun Lim, "A size-reduced, 15-element, planar yagi antenna," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 69, No. 4, 2410-2415, Apr. 2021.
doi:10.1109/TAP.2020.3019564

21. Byun, Gangil, Jun Hur, Seung-Seok Kang, Seok Bo Son, and Hosung Choo, "Design of a coupled feed structure with cavity walls for extremely small anti-jamming arrays," IEEE Access, Vol. 7, 17279-17286, 2019.
doi:10.1109/ACCESS.2019.2895883

22. Awais, Muhammad, Abdullah Madni, and Wasif Tanveer Khan, "Design of a compact high isolation 4-element wideband patch antenna array for GNSS applications," IEEE Access, Vol. 10, 13780-13786, 2022.
doi:10.1109/ACCESS.2022.3147600

23. Hautcoeur, Julien and Gyles Panther, "Anti-jamming GNSS antenna for timing applications," 2018 18th International Symposium on Antenna Technology and Applied Electromagnetics (antem 2018), Waterloo, Canada, Aug. 19-22 2018.

24. Dong, N., N. Qi, M. Guo, C. Wang, and L. Chen, "An optimal design of high gain beidou anti-jamming antenna," 2022 Intern. Symp. Networks, Comp. Comm., Shenzhen, China, 2022.