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Photonic Band Gap Aperture Coupled Fractal Shape Tri-Band Active Antenna

By Tale Saeidi, Idris Bin Ismail, Mojtaba Ahadi, and Adam R. H. Alhawari
Progress In Electromagnetics Research C, Vol. 69, 125-138, 2016


A modified Koch fractal shape is used to decrease the dimensions of an antenna and resonates at more than one band for agricultural application. A new feeding technique of aperture coupled method called a non-uniform annular Photonic Band Gap is applied in order to integrate the designed antenna to the active elements. Subsequently, a transmission line transformer is designed using Genetic algorithm to achieve a perfect matching between the active element (amplifier) and the load (antenna). The proposed antenna is designed and fabricated. The results show that the proposed antenna has a high gain of 20.5 dB, 21 dB, and 22 dB at 0.915 GHz, 1.8 GHz and 2.45 GHz respectively with a compact size and low cost. The results predict its prospect as a promising alternative to the conventional one, which is compatibly applicable to agriculture applications especially when multiband function is required.


Tale Saeidi, Idris Bin Ismail, Mojtaba Ahadi, and Adam R. H. Alhawari, "Photonic Band Gap Aperture Coupled Fractal Shape Tri-Band Active Antenna," Progress In Electromagnetics Research C, Vol. 69, 125-138, 2016.


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