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2024-05-22
PIER B
Vol. 106, 39-55, 2024
download: 10
Study on Electromagnetic Performance of Permanent Magnet Rotor and Dual Stator Starter Generator for Electric Vehicle Range Extender
Mingling Gao , Zhenhai Yu , Wenjie Jiao , Wenjing Hu , Huihui Geng , Yixin Liu , Shiqiang Liu and Yishuo Liu
The flywheel-type dual-stator permanent magnet starter generator combines engine flywheel and starter generator rotor into a single unit, which has the advantages of high efficiency, high power density, and compact structure. This paper proposes a new type of dual-stator permanent magnet starter generator topology in which the two stators are concentric and share the same permanent magnet rotor. Equivalent magnetic circuit modeling of the inner stator's magnetic field, outer stator's magnetic field, and synthetic magnetic field using the equivalent magnetic circuit method list the system of flux equations and solve the main magnetic flux, leakage flux, and leakage coefficient, and the results show that the equivalent magnetic circuit method has smaller error and higher accuracy than the finite element method. The harmonic electric potential of the starter generator is modeled and analyzed. The permanent magnet rotor and inner and outer stator structures are optimized to obtain the optimal parameters, and the prototype is manufactured and tested. The optimized starter generator no-load induced electromotive force fundamental amplitude is improved. The induced electromotive force harmonic distortion rate is reduced, and the output performance of the whole generator is significantly improved.
Study on Electromagnetic Performance of Permanent Magnet Rotor and Dual Stator Starter Generator for Electric Vehicle Range Extender
2024-05-22
PIER B
Vol. 106, 17-38, 2024
download: 13
Negative Group Delay Prototype Filter Based on the Reciprocal Transfer Function of a Low-Pass Butterworth Filter Capped at Finite Out-of-Band Gain
Miodrag Kandic and Greg E. Bridges
A Negative Group Delay (NGD) prototype filter design based on the reciprocal transfer function of a low-pass Butterworth filter of a given order, is presented. The out-of-band gain of the prototype transfer function is capped at a finite constant value via multiplication by a transfer function of a low-pass Butterworth filter with 3 dB bandwidth that is wider than the reciprocal function bandwidth. Such synthesized transfer function exhibits maximal magnitude characteristic flatness within the 3 dB bandwidth (Butterworth-like property), while it also exhibits NGD and satisfies Kramers-Kronig relations (causal transfer function). The prototype design achieves an NGD-bandwidth product that in the upper asymptotic limit as the design order increases, is a linear function of out-of-band gain in decibels. This is an improvement compared with previously reported cascaded first-order and second-order designs, which have NGD-bandwidth functional dependency of out-of-band gain in decibels to the power of 1/2 and 3/4, respectively. It is shown that the transfer function of the corresponding design transformed to a non-zero center frequency can be exactly implemented with a Sallen-Key topology employing parallel resonators, or approximately implemented with an all-passive ladder topology. An in-band magnitude/phase distortion metric is applied to the prototype designs, evaluated for Gaussian and sinc pulse input waveforms, and compared with values obtained for a well-known commonly used medium. It is also shown that when the specified bandwidth corresponds to the entire bandwidth over which the group delay characteristic is negative, the magnitude characteristic variation approximately equals half the out-of-band gain value in decibels. Therefore, for any NGD design with large out-of-band gain (typically higher than 6 dB), using the entire bandwidth where group delay is negative can result in strong levels of distortion and should be checked for applied waveforms.
Negative Group Delay Prototype Filter Based on the Reciprocal Transfer Function of a Low-pass Butterworth Filter Capped at Finite Out-of-band Gain
2024-05-06
PIER B
Vol. 106, 1-16, 2024
download: 48
Research on the Grounding Grid Electrical Impedance Imaging Algorithm Based on Improved Tikhonov and Lp Regularization
Lele He , Lei Yang , Xiaoheng Yan , Weihua Chen and Shangfei Huang
In this paper, an improved hybrid regularized grounded network imaging algorithm (ITR-Lp) combining Tikhonov regularization and Lp regularization is proposed; through the improvement of the filtering function, the correction of small magnitude for large singular values and increasing magnitude of correction with decreasing singular values for small singular values is implemented for the improvement of the convergence of the solution. The proposed algorithm constructs a regularization matrix to achieve selective correction of singular values and improve the convergence of the solution, while Lp regularization is used to enhance the sparsity of the solution and improve the boundary contrast. the effect of node distribution on convergence is investigated, and finally the ITR-Lp algorithm is validated by simulation and experiment. The results show that the ITR-Lp algorithm proposed in this paper achieves the lowest resistivity relative errors of 0.1695 and 0.1089 for resistive networks with 1 corrosion and 2 corrosions, respectively. The method has good convergence and boundary contrast, which effectively improves the pathology of the inverse problem of imaging the electrical impedance tomography of grounding grid.
Research on the Grounding Grid Electrical Impedance Imaging Algorithm Based on Improved Tikhonov and Lp Regularization