Vol. 52
Latest Volume
All Volumes
PIERM 115 [2023] PIERM 114 [2022] PIERM 113 [2022] PIERM 112 [2022] PIERM 111 [2022] PIERM 110 [2022] PIERM 109 [2022] PIERM 108 [2022] PIERM 107 [2022] PIERM 106 [2021] PIERM 105 [2021] PIERM 104 [2021] PIERM 103 [2021] PIERM 102 [2021] PIERM 101 [2021] PIERM 100 [2021] PIERM 99 [2021] PIERM 98 [2020] PIERM 97 [2020] PIERM 96 [2020] PIERM 95 [2020] PIERM 94 [2020] PIERM 93 [2020] PIERM 92 [2020] PIERM 91 [2020] PIERM 90 [2020] PIERM 89 [2020] PIERM 88 [2020] PIERM 87 [2019] PIERM 86 [2019] PIERM 85 [2019] PIERM 84 [2019] PIERM 83 [2019] PIERM 82 [2019] PIERM 81 [2019] PIERM 80 [2019] PIERM 79 [2019] PIERM 78 [2019] PIERM 77 [2019] PIERM 76 [2018] PIERM 75 [2018] PIERM 74 [2018] PIERM 73 [2018] PIERM 72 [2018] PIERM 71 [2018] PIERM 70 [2018] PIERM 69 [2018] PIERM 68 [2018] PIERM 67 [2018] PIERM 66 [2018] PIERM 65 [2018] PIERM 64 [2018] PIERM 63 [2018] PIERM 62 [2017] PIERM 61 [2017] PIERM 60 [2017] PIERM 59 [2017] PIERM 58 [2017] PIERM 57 [2017] PIERM 56 [2017] PIERM 55 [2017] PIERM 54 [2017] PIERM 53 [2017] PIERM 52 [2016] PIERM 51 [2016] PIERM 50 [2016] PIERM 49 [2016] PIERM 48 [2016] PIERM 47 [2016] PIERM 46 [2016] PIERM 45 [2016] PIERM 44 [2015] PIERM 43 [2015] PIERM 42 [2015] PIERM 41 [2015] PIERM 40 [2014] PIERM 39 [2014] PIERM 38 [2014] PIERM 37 [2014] PIERM 36 [2014] PIERM 35 [2014] PIERM 34 [2014] PIERM 33 [2013] PIERM 32 [2013] PIERM 31 [2013] PIERM 30 [2013] PIERM 29 [2013] PIERM 28 [2013] PIERM 27 [2012] PIERM 26 [2012] PIERM 25 [2012] PIERM 24 [2012] PIERM 23 [2012] PIERM 22 [2012] PIERM 21 [2011] PIERM 20 [2011] PIERM 19 [2011] PIERM 18 [2011] PIERM 17 [2011] PIERM 16 [2011] PIERM 14 [2010] PIERM 13 [2010] PIERM 12 [2010] PIERM 11 [2010] PIERM 10 [2009] PIERM 9 [2009] PIERM 8 [2009] PIERM 7 [2009] PIERM 6 [2009] PIERM 5 [2008] PIERM 4 [2008] PIERM 3 [2008] PIERM 2 [2008] PIERM 1 [2008]
2016-12-08
Exposure Level Assessment Study of High Frequency Radiation from Hebron Two-Way Radio Tower
By
Progress In Electromagnetics Research M, Vol. 52, 153-160, 2016
Abstract
A study of the Hebron two-way radio tower in Halhul, which is part of the two-way radio network that links Bethlehem tower in the West Bank to Khan Younes tower in Gaza strip, was conducted. Hebron Tower was built over the highest spot in the region, 1027 m above the sea level. Measurements of signal power was conducted for Hebron tower and compared to various other transmitting towers seen from the area. Analysis reveals that power densities of all towers are invariably safe, and their power densities fall below international safe standards. Results show that power densities from Orange cellular tower, 3500 m away and Marah radio tower, 2350 m away from Hebron tower were indeed higher than all others measured, when all power densities were referenced back to 30 m of their respective tower antenna positions. As far as the Hebron tower is concerned, its height of 111m provides a relative safe umbrella, from electromagnetic radiation hazard, away from the main radiation beam, over the area below it.
Citation
Osama W. Ata , "Exposure Level Assessment Study of High Frequency Radiation from Hebron Two-Way Radio Tower," Progress In Electromagnetics Research M, Vol. 52, 153-160, 2016.
doi:10.2528/PIERM16080505
http://www.jpier.org/PIERM/pier.php?paper=16080505
References

1. World Health Organization, "Electromagnetic fields (300 Hz to 300 GHz),", Geneva, 1993, www.inchem.org/documents/ehc/ehc/ehc137.htm.

2. European Commission, "Health and electromagnetic fields,", Publications Office, 2005, http://ec.europa.eu/health/ph_determinants/environment/EMF/brochure_en.pdf/.

3. Harte, L., D. Bowler, A. Ofrane, and B. Levitan, Wireless Communications - Cellular, 3G, LMR, Mobile Data, Paging, Satellite, Broadcast, and WLAN, Althos Publishing, TN, USA, 2005.

4. Classic, K., "Radiofrequency (RF) radiation,", HPS Specialists in Radiation Protection, Health Physics Society, 2016, https://hps.org/hpspublications/articles/rfradiation.html.

5. Ata, O. W., "The national education and research (NERN) broadband backbone network," IEEE Global Information Infrastructure Symposium (GIIS) 2007, Marrakech, Morocco, 1-4244-1376-1/07/$25.00c2007 IEEE, July 2-5, 2007.

6. Cleveland, R. F., D. M. Sylvar, and J. L. Ulcek, "Evaluating compliance with FCC guidelines for human exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic fields,", 1-79, Federal Communications Commission, Office of Engineering and Technology, OET Bulletin 65, ed. 97-01, Washington, D.C. 20554, August 1997.

7. International Commission on Non-ionizing Radiation Protection, "ICNIRP guidelines for limiting exposure to time-varying electric, magnetic and electromagnetic fields (up to 300 GHz)," Health Physics, Vol. 74, 494-522, 1998.

8. Haim, M., "An analysis of regulatory frameworks for wireless communications, societal concerns and risk: The case of Radio Frequency (RF) allocation and licensing,", PhD thesis, Middlesex University, London, August 2008, http://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/133/2/MazarAug08.pdf.

9. Sage, C., D. O. Carpenter, and ed., "A rationale for biologically-based exposure standards for low-intensity electromagnetic radiation: The existing public exposure standards (Section 3)," Bioinitiative 2012, December 2012, http://www.bioinitiative.org/.

10. Balanis, C. A., Antenna Theory Analysis and Design, Harper & Row Publishers, Inc., New York, 1982.

11. Aaronia, A. G., "Handheld spectrum analyzer series - SPECTRAN® HF-6060 V4, HF-6080 V4, HF-60100 V4,", Data sheet, rev 4, Germany, August 2011, www.aaronia.de.

12. Aaronia, A. G., "Manual SPECTRAN V4', HW V4/c2005-2013 Aaronia AG, DE-54597 Strickscheid,", http://www.aaronia.com/Datasheets/Documents/SPECTRAN-HF_V4_EN.pdf.