Compared with a standard permanent magnet synchronous motor, a line-start permanent magnet synchronous motor (LSPMSM) has additional features that include two-sided slots on its stator and rotor. Thus, due to its complex air gap form, there is no simple method to calculate the cogging torque of this kind of motor at present. This paper presents a new analytical method that models the rotor as an equivalent magnetic motive force (MMF) distribution in the air gap which avoids the influence of rotor slotting in the air gap. Based on the energy method, an analytical method is presented here to analyze the pole-slot match of stator and the influence of number of slots per pole of rotor on the cogging torque. The effect of auxiliary slots on cogging torque of LSPMSM is studied and by changing the number of auxiliary slots to reduce the cogging torque, the correctness of the above method has been validated by the finite element method.
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