Vol. 104
Latest Volume
All Volumes
PIERC 142 [2024] PIERC 141 [2024] PIERC 140 [2024] PIERC 139 [2024] PIERC 138 [2023] PIERC 137 [2023] PIERC 136 [2023] PIERC 135 [2023] PIERC 134 [2023] PIERC 133 [2023] PIERC 132 [2023] PIERC 131 [2023] PIERC 130 [2023] PIERC 129 [2023] PIERC 128 [2023] PIERC 127 [2022] PIERC 126 [2022] PIERC 125 [2022] PIERC 124 [2022] PIERC 123 [2022] PIERC 122 [2022] PIERC 121 [2022] PIERC 120 [2022] PIERC 119 [2022] PIERC 118 [2022] PIERC 117 [2021] PIERC 116 [2021] PIERC 115 [2021] PIERC 114 [2021] PIERC 113 [2021] PIERC 112 [2021] PIERC 111 [2021] PIERC 110 [2021] PIERC 109 [2021] PIERC 108 [2021] PIERC 107 [2021] PIERC 106 [2020] PIERC 105 [2020] PIERC 104 [2020] PIERC 103 [2020] PIERC 102 [2020] PIERC 101 [2020] PIERC 100 [2020] PIERC 99 [2020] PIERC 98 [2020] PIERC 97 [2019] PIERC 96 [2019] PIERC 95 [2019] PIERC 94 [2019] PIERC 93 [2019] PIERC 92 [2019] PIERC 91 [2019] PIERC 90 [2019] PIERC 89 [2019] PIERC 88 [2018] PIERC 87 [2018] PIERC 86 [2018] PIERC 85 [2018] PIERC 84 [2018] PIERC 83 [2018] PIERC 82 [2018] PIERC 81 [2018] PIERC 80 [2018] PIERC 79 [2017] PIERC 78 [2017] PIERC 77 [2017] PIERC 76 [2017] PIERC 75 [2017] PIERC 74 [2017] PIERC 73 [2017] PIERC 72 [2017] PIERC 71 [2017] PIERC 70 [2016] PIERC 69 [2016] PIERC 68 [2016] PIERC 67 [2016] PIERC 66 [2016] PIERC 65 [2016] PIERC 64 [2016] PIERC 63 [2016] PIERC 62 [2016] PIERC 61 [2016] PIERC 60 [2015] PIERC 59 [2015] PIERC 58 [2015] PIERC 57 [2015] PIERC 56 [2015] PIERC 55 [2014] PIERC 54 [2014] PIERC 53 [2014] PIERC 52 [2014] PIERC 51 [2014] PIERC 50 [2014] PIERC 49 [2014] PIERC 48 [2014] PIERC 47 [2014] PIERC 46 [2014] PIERC 45 [2013] PIERC 44 [2013] PIERC 43 [2013] PIERC 42 [2013] PIERC 41 [2013] PIERC 40 [2013] PIERC 39 [2013] PIERC 38 [2013] PIERC 37 [2013] PIERC 36 [2013] PIERC 35 [2013] PIERC 34 [2013] PIERC 33 [2012] PIERC 32 [2012] PIERC 31 [2012] PIERC 30 [2012] PIERC 29 [2012] PIERC 28 [2012] PIERC 27 [2012] PIERC 26 [2012] PIERC 25 [2012] PIERC 24 [2011] PIERC 23 [2011] PIERC 22 [2011] PIERC 21 [2011] PIERC 20 [2011] PIERC 19 [2011] PIERC 18 [2011] PIERC 17 [2010] PIERC 16 [2010] PIERC 15 [2010] PIERC 14 [2010] PIERC 13 [2010] PIERC 12 [2010] PIERC 11 [2009] PIERC 10 [2009] PIERC 9 [2009] PIERC 8 [2009] PIERC 7 [2009] PIERC 6 [2009] PIERC 5 [2008] PIERC 4 [2008] PIERC 3 [2008] PIERC 2 [2008] PIERC 1 [2008]
2020-08-08
Stress Monitoring of Prestressed Steel Strand Based on Magnetoelastic Effect Under Weak Magnetic Field Considering Material Strain
By
Progress In Electromagnetics Research C, Vol. 104, 157-170, 2020
Abstract
Prestressed steel strands are critical components of prestressed structures, which determine the bearing capacity of the structures. The prestress loss of steel strands causes the bearing capacity to decline. To monitor the stress of prestressed steel strands, a stress monitoring method based on the magnetoelastic effect was proposed. The influence of the material strain was considered to improve monitoring accuracy. To do the monitoring, a coil-based sensor, using a small excitation current to generate a necessary magnetic field, was employed. The sensor converted the stress into inductance. An experimental system was set up and two batches of specimens were tested. The experimental results showed that the measured inductance was stable and repeatable. There was a nonlinear relationship between the inductance and the stress. Strands of different batches need to be calibrated separately to obtain the inductance-stress equation. Based on the calibration equation and the measured inductance, the stress of strands could be calculated. The difference between the calculated stress and the actual stress was small. Besides, to improve the accuracy and ease of the construction, the self-induction coil of the senor should be one layer and with moderate turns.
Citation
Lei Liu, Senhua Zhang, Yinghao Qu, Jianting Zhou, Feixiong Yang, Rong Liu, and Leng Liao, "Stress Monitoring of Prestressed Steel Strand Based on Magnetoelastic Effect Under Weak Magnetic Field Considering Material Strain," Progress In Electromagnetics Research C, Vol. 104, 157-170, 2020.
doi:10.2528/PIERC20052903
References

1. Ahlborn, T. M., C. K. Shield, and C. W. French, "Full-scale testing of prestressed concrete bridge girders," Experimental Techniques, Vol. 21, No. 1, 33-35, 1997.

2. Bartoli, I., S. Salamone, R. Phillips, F. Lanza Di Scalea, S. Coccia, and C. S. Sikorsky, "Monitoring prestress level in seven wire prestressing tendons by inter wire ultrasonic wave propagation," Advances in Science and Technology, Vol. 56, 200-205, 2008.

3. Bymaster, J. C., C. N. Dang, R. W. Floyd, and W. M. Hale, "Prestress losses in pretensioned concrete beams cast with lightweight self-consolidating concrete," Structures, Vol. 2, 50-57, 2015.

4. Cappello, C., D. Zonta, H. A. Laasri, B. Glisic, and M. Wang, "Calibration of elasto-magnetic sensors on in-service cable-stayed bridges for stress monitoring," Sensors (Basel, Switzerland), Vol. 18, No. 2, 466, 2018.

5. Chen, L., J. Chen, and J. Wang, "Calculation of reasonable tension value for longitudinal connecting reinforcement of CRTSII slab ballastless track," Applied Sciences, Vol. 8, No. 11, 2139, 2018.

6. Duan, Y., R. Zhang, Y. Zhao, S. Or, K. Fan, and Z. Tang, "Smart Elasto-Magneto-Electric (EME) sensors for stress monitoring of steel structures in railway infrastructures," Journal of Zhejiang University — SCIENCE A, Vol. 12, No. 12, 895-901, 2011.

7. Duan, Y., R. Zhang, Y. Zhao, S. Wing Or, K. Fan, and Z. Tang, "Steel stress monitoring sensor based on elasto-magnetic effect and using magneto-electric laminated composite," Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 111, No. 7, 07E516-07E516-3, 2012.

8. Garcia, T., W. J. Hornof, and M. F. Insana, "On the ultrasonic properties of tendon," Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology, Vol. 29, No. 12, 1787-1797, 2003.

9. Jang, J. B., K. M. Hwang, H. P. Lee, and B. H. Kim, "An assessment of the prestress force on the bonded tendon by SI and impact signal analysis techniques," Nuclear Engineering and Design, Vol. 255, 9-15, 2013.

10. Jeong, S., W. Jang, J. Nam, H. An, and D. Kim, "Development of a structural monitoring system for cable bridges by using seismic accelerometers," Applied Sciences, Vol. 10, No. 2, 716, 2020.

11. Joh, C., J. W. Lee, and I. Kwahk, "Feasibility study of stress measurement in prestressing tendons using villari effect and induced magnetic field," International Journal of Distributed Sensor Networks, Vol. 9, No. 11, 249829, 2013.

12. Kim, Y., N. Huh, Y. Kim, Y. Choi, and J. Yang, "On relevant ramberg-osgood fit to engineering nonlinear fracture mechanics analysis," Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology, Vol. 126, No. 3, 277-283, 2004.

13. Li, C., J. He, Z. Zhang, Y. Liu, H. Ke, C. Dong, and H. Li, "An improved analytical algorithm on main cable system of suspension bridge," Applied Sciences, Vol. 8, No. 8, 1358, 2018.

14. Lv, X. J., X. F. Zhao, L. Wang, H. Dong, and Y. F. Zhu, "Research on fiber Bragg grating sensing technique for cable tension monitoring of suspension bridges," Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vol. 368–370, 1391-1395, 2013.

15. Maji, A. K., "Evaluation of prestressing with a shape memory alloy," MRS Proceedings, Vol. 503, 1997.

16. Sathyan, S., U. Aydin, A. Lehikoinen, A. Belahcen, T. Vaimann, and J. Kataja, "Influence of magnetic forces and magnetostriction on the vibration behavior of an induction motor," International Journal of Applied Electromagnetics and Mechanics, Vol. 59, No. 3, 825-834, 2019.

17. Schoenekess, H. C., "Method to determine tensile stress alterations in prestressing steel strands by means of an Eddy-current technique," IEEE Sensors Journal, Vol. 7, No. 8, 1200-1205, 2007.

18. Shu, Y., W. Chen, P. Zhang, J. Wu, L. Liu, and X. Zhao, "Embedding technology of Fiber Bragg Grating strain sensor for cable tension monitor," Proc. SPIE 9044, 2013 International Conference on Optical Instruments and Technology: Optical Sensors and Applications, 90440H-90440H-11, 2013.

19. Sumitro, S., A. Jarosevic, and M. L. Wang, "Elasto-magnetic sensor utilization on steel cable stress measurement. Monitoring," The First Fib Congress, Concrete Structures in the 21th Century, 2002.

20. Wang, M. L., "Magnetoelastic permeability measurement for stress monitoring in steel tendons and cables," Proc. SPIE 3995, Nondestructive Evaluation of Highways, Utilities, and Pipelines IV, Jun. 9, 2000.

21. Tang, D., S. Huang, W. Chen, and J. Jiang, "Study of a steel strand tension sensor with difference single bypass excitation structure based on the magneto-elastic effect," Smart Mater. Struct., Vol. 17, 25019, 2008.

22. Soohoo, R., "Magnetic thin film inductors for integrated circuit applications," IEEE T. Magn., Vol. 15, 1803-1805, 1979.

23. Zagrai, A., V. Gigineishvili, W. A. Kruse, A. Murray, D. Doyle, W. Reynolds, B. Arritt, and H. Gardenier, "Acousto-elastic measurements and baseline-free assessment of bolted joints using guided waves in space structures," Proceedings of SPIE — The International Society for Optical Engineering, 765017-7650112, 2010.