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2023-12-05
Radio Frequency Energy Harvesting Device at ISM Band for Low Power IoT
By
Progress In Electromagnetics Research M, Vol. 122, 11-20, 2023
Abstract
Low Energy (LE) devices for communication systems like Bluetooth, 5G New Radio (NR), etc. are most likely to be powered by a battery, however, the limitation of the utilization time of this power supply entails it to be handled in different way; one of them is using electromagnetic energy harvesting paradigm, which could be capable to supply the energy consumption of this device. In this research it is presented the design and implementation of a device for radio frequency energy harvesting in the Industrial, Scientific and Medical (ISM) band. As first step, field intensity measurements in ``Facultad de Informatica y Electronica'' (FIE) were performed by the utilization of NARDA SRM 3006 radiation meter, with the aim of determining the technology with highest radio frequency (RF) energy within the 2.4 GHz ISM band. After the analysis, the chosen was WiFi technology due to the massive implementation that exists in the surroundings. Therefore, the frequency of 2.45 GHz was selected as the center frequency for the design. The device was implemented using FR4 Epoxy glass material with a dielectric permitivity of 4.4 and a dielectric thickness of 1.6 mm. The device consists of 3 stages: i) Capturing energy using a microstrip patch antenna ii) Rectification using a coupling network followed by a rectifying circuit and iii) Energy storage using the method of harmonic balance and electromagnetic moment. Finally, harvesting measurements were carried out in FIE's laboratory; the RF energy of a WiFi router was harvested and at 10 cm a voltage of 510.6 mV was obtained, this level of voltage was capable of turning on a led diode demonstrating the functioning of the device.
Citation
Jefferson Ribadeneira-Ramírez, Jorge Santamaria, Patricio Romero, and Mario Alejandro Paguay, "Radio Frequency Energy Harvesting Device at ISM Band for Low Power IoT ," Progress In Electromagnetics Research M, Vol. 122, 11-20, 2023.
doi:10.2528/PIERM23091504
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