In this paper linear and nonlinear properties of graphene at millimeter wave frequency band are investigated. The nonlinear properties of the graphene are utilized to design frequency multiplier and mixer for millimeter wave applications. A patch of graphene is deposited on the dielectric image guide that will generate higher order harmonics. The amplitude of harmonics is optimized based on the dimensions of the graphene patch on top of the dielectric image guide. A frequency multiplier and mixer are designed, which utilize the second harmonics generated through graphene. The nonlinear behavior of the proposed designs has been simulated in the 50-75 GHz input signal frequency range. A conversion efficiency of -23 dB is obtained for the second harmonic for the frequency doubler. The frequency mixer is designed to mix two frequencies in V-band using dielectric image guide as the waveguide. A -28 dB conversion efficiency is simulated on a dielectric image-guide platform.
Maher M. Abdel-Razzak,
"Linear and Nonlinear Properties of Graphene at Millimeter-Wave for Multiplier and Mixer Applications," Progress In Electromagnetics Research C,
Vol. 81, 141-149, 2018. doi:10.2528/PIERC17072403
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