A Low Profile Circularly Polarized Microstrip Antenna with Equilateral Triangular Patch and Parasitic Elements for Dual Application Band
Progress In Electromagnetics Research M, Vol. 121, 49-62, 2023
In this research work, a low-profile microstrip patch antenna has been designed with broad circularly polarized resonant bandwidth. The designed antenna consists of an equilateral triangular-shaped radiating patch with two triangular coplanar parasitic elements along with a square-shaped ground plane. The unique feature of this antenna design is a generation of circularly polarized radiation by only optimum corner truncation of the two parasitic elements along with a small portion of the driver patch. The designed antenna can be used for (5.725-5.850 GHz) WLAN and (5.85-5.925 GHz) dedicated short-range communication applications with circularly polarized radiation property. The overall resonant bandwidth for (S11 ≤ -10 dB) is 1.52 GHz 24.75% with a frequency range (5.38-6.90 GHz), and the circularly polarized resonant bandwidth for (Axial ratio ≤ 3 dB) is 240 MHz 4.13% with a frequency range (5.69-5.93 GHz). The gain of the antenna is 4 dB at 5.81 GHz and almost remains the same for the entire resonant bandwidth. The complete design of the antenna has been done using theoretical calculation and HFSS ver13 simulation software. After that, it has been fabricated, and different parameters have been measured using Vector Network Analyser. It has been found that the measured results are very much similar to the simulated results.
"A Low Profile Circularly Polarized Microstrip Antenna with Equilateral Triangular Patch and Parasitic Elements for Dual Application Band," Progress In Electromagnetics Research M
Vol. 121, 49-62, 2023.