In the planning and design of microwave communication links, the structure of the radio refractive index in the lower part of the atmospheric boundary layer is very important. In this work, measurements of atmospheric pressure, temperature and relative humidity were made in Akure (7.15oN, 5.12oE), South Western Nigeria. Wireless weather stations (Integrated Sensor Suite, ISS) were positioned at five different height levels beginning from the ground surface and at intervals of 50m from the ground to a height of 200m (0, 50, 100, 150 and 200 m) on a 220m Nigeria Television Authority TV tower at Iju in Akure North Local Government area of Ondo State. The measurement of the atmospheric variables was made every 30 minutes everyday. The study utilized the data for the first year of measurement (January-December 2007) to compute the radio refractivity and its refractivity gradient in Akure. From these parameters, the vertical distributions of radio refractivity are then determined. The results obtained show that the propagation conditions have varying degree of occurrence with sub-refractive conditions observed to be prevalent between January-July while Super-refraction and Ducting were observed mostly between August-December.
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