Vol. 17
Latest Volume
All Volumes
PIERM 124 [2024] PIERM 123 [2024] PIERM 122 [2023] PIERM 121 [2023] PIERM 120 [2023] PIERM 119 [2023] PIERM 118 [2023] PIERM 117 [2023] PIERM 116 [2023] PIERM 115 [2023] PIERM 114 [2022] PIERM 113 [2022] PIERM 112 [2022] PIERM 111 [2022] PIERM 110 [2022] PIERM 109 [2022] PIERM 108 [2022] PIERM 107 [2022] PIERM 106 [2021] PIERM 105 [2021] PIERM 104 [2021] PIERM 103 [2021] PIERM 102 [2021] PIERM 101 [2021] PIERM 100 [2021] PIERM 99 [2021] PIERM 98 [2020] PIERM 97 [2020] PIERM 96 [2020] PIERM 95 [2020] PIERM 94 [2020] PIERM 93 [2020] PIERM 92 [2020] PIERM 91 [2020] PIERM 90 [2020] PIERM 89 [2020] PIERM 88 [2020] PIERM 87 [2019] PIERM 86 [2019] PIERM 85 [2019] PIERM 84 [2019] PIERM 83 [2019] PIERM 82 [2019] PIERM 81 [2019] PIERM 80 [2019] PIERM 79 [2019] PIERM 78 [2019] PIERM 77 [2019] PIERM 76 [2018] PIERM 75 [2018] PIERM 74 [2018] PIERM 73 [2018] PIERM 72 [2018] PIERM 71 [2018] PIERM 70 [2018] PIERM 69 [2018] PIERM 68 [2018] PIERM 67 [2018] PIERM 66 [2018] PIERM 65 [2018] PIERM 64 [2018] PIERM 63 [2018] PIERM 62 [2017] PIERM 61 [2017] PIERM 60 [2017] PIERM 59 [2017] PIERM 58 [2017] PIERM 57 [2017] PIERM 56 [2017] PIERM 55 [2017] PIERM 54 [2017] PIERM 53 [2017] PIERM 52 [2016] PIERM 51 [2016] PIERM 50 [2016] PIERM 49 [2016] PIERM 48 [2016] PIERM 47 [2016] PIERM 46 [2016] PIERM 45 [2016] PIERM 44 [2015] PIERM 43 [2015] PIERM 42 [2015] PIERM 41 [2015] PIERM 40 [2014] PIERM 39 [2014] PIERM 38 [2014] PIERM 37 [2014] PIERM 36 [2014] PIERM 35 [2014] PIERM 34 [2014] PIERM 33 [2013] PIERM 32 [2013] PIERM 31 [2013] PIERM 30 [2013] PIERM 29 [2013] PIERM 28 [2013] PIERM 27 [2012] PIERM 26 [2012] PIERM 25 [2012] PIERM 24 [2012] PIERM 23 [2012] PIERM 22 [2012] PIERM 21 [2011] PIERM 20 [2011] PIERM 19 [2011] PIERM 18 [2011] PIERM 17 [2011] PIERM 16 [2011] PIERM 14 [2010] PIERM 13 [2010] PIERM 12 [2010] PIERM 11 [2010] PIERM 10 [2009] PIERM 9 [2009] PIERM 8 [2009] PIERM 7 [2009] PIERM 6 [2009] PIERM 5 [2008] PIERM 4 [2008] PIERM 3 [2008] PIERM 2 [2008] PIERM 1 [2008]
2011-03-21
Directional Sensitive Modulation Signal Transmitted by Monopulse Cassegrain Antenna for Physical Layer Secure Communication
By
Progress In Electromagnetics Research M, Vol. 17, 167-181, 2011
Abstract
The broadcast nature of the wireless medium makes the communication over this medium vulnerable to eavesdropping. In this paper, we propose a directional sensitive modulation signal transmitted by Monopulse Cassegrain antenna for physical (PHY) layer security transmission. The main idea is that the sum beam transmit communication signal, simultaneously, and two difference beams transmit artificial noise to guarantee secure transmission of the sum beam. The eavesdropper's channel is degraded by artificial noise, but the desired receiver's channel does not affect because of the spatial orthogonality between the sum beam and two difference beams. In this way, the desired receiver can demodulate the communication signal while the eavesdroppers learn almost nothing about the information from its observations. A closed-form expression of the secrecy capacity is also derived for this practical transmit scheme from the viewpoint of information theoretic. Finally, simulation results show that the proposed signal can significantly improve the performance of secure wireless communications.
Citation
Tao Hong, Maozhong Song, and Yu Liu, "Directional Sensitive Modulation Signal Transmitted by Monopulse Cassegrain Antenna for Physical Layer Secure Communication," Progress In Electromagnetics Research M, Vol. 17, 167-181, 2011.
doi:10.2528/PIERM11010501
References

1. De Castro-Galan, D., L. E. Garcia-Munoz, D. Segovia-Vargas, and V. Gonzalez-Posadas, "Diversity monopulse antenna based on a dual-frequency and dual mode CRLH rat-race coupler," Progress In Electromagnetics Research B, Vol. 14, 87-106, 2009.
doi:10.2528/PIERB09030603

2. Oliveri , G. and L. Poli, "Synthesis of monopulse sub-arrayed linear and planar array antennas with optimized sidelobes," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 99, 109-129, 2009.
doi:10.2528/PIER09092510

3. Aziz, A., Q. A. Naqvi, and K. Hongo, "Analysis of the fields in two dimensional cassegrain system," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 71, 227-241, 2007.
doi:10.2528/PIER07022001

4. Ghaffar, A., Q. A. Naqvi, K. Hongo, "Analysis of the fields in three dimensional cassegrain system," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 72, 215-240, 2007.
doi:10.2528/PIER07031602

5. Rocca, , P., L. Manica, and A. Massa, "Directivity optimization in planar sub-arrayed monopulse antenna," Progress In Electromagnetics Research Letters, Vol. 4, 1-7, 2008.
doi:10.2528/PIERL08042601

6. Pal, S., S. Das, A. Basak, and P. N. Suganthan, "Synthesis of difference patterns for monopulse antennas with optimal combination of array-size and number of subarrays --- A multi-objective optimization approach," Progress In Electromagnetics Research B, Vol. 21, 257-280, 2010.

7. Debbah, M., H. El-Gamal, H. V. Poor, and S. Shamai, "Editorial: Wireless physical layer security," Eurasip Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking, Vol. 2009, 2009.
doi:10.1155/2009/404061

8. Khisti, A. and G. W. Wornell, "Secure transmission with multiple antennas I: The MISOME wiretap channel," IEEE Transactions on Information Theory, Vol. 56, No. 7, 3088-3104, 2010.
doi:10.1109/TIT.2010.2048445

9. Khisti, A. and G. W. Wornell, "Secure transmission with multiple antennas --- Part II: The MIMOME wiretap channel," IEEE Transactions on Information Theory, Vol. 56, No. 11, 5515-5532, 2010.
doi:10.1109/TIT.2010.2068852

10. Hero, A. O. and III, "Secure space-time communication," IEEE Transactions on Information Theory, Vol. 49, No. 12, 3235-3249, 2003.
doi:10.1109/TIT.2003.820010

11. Hyungjin, K. and J. D. Villasenor, "Secure MIMO communications in a system with equal numbers of transmit and receive antennas," IEEE Communications Letters, Vol. 12, No. 5, 386-388, 2008.
doi:10.1109/LCOMM.2008.080077

12. Csiszar, I. and J. Korner, "Broadcast channels with confidential messages," IEEE Transactions on Information Theory, Vol. 24, No. 3, 339-348, 2003.
doi:10.1109/TIT.1978.1055892

13. Krikidis, I., J. Thompson, and S. Mclaughlin, "Relay selection for secure cooperative networks with jamming," IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, Vol. 8, No. 10, 5003-5011, 2009.
doi:10.1109/TWC.2009.090323

14. Lun, D., H. Zhu, A. P. Petropulu, and H. V. Poor, "Improving wireless physical layer security via cooperating relays," IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing, Vol. 58, No. 3, 1875-1888, 2010.
doi:10.1109/TSP.2009.2038412

15. Simeone, O. and P. Popovski, "Secure communications via cooperating base stations," IEEE Communications Letters, Vol. 12, No. 3, 188-190, 2008.
doi:10.1109/LCOMM.2008.071836

16. Goel, S. and R. Negi, "Guaranteeing secrecy using artificial noise IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications,", Vol. 7, No. 6, 2180-2189, 2008.

17. Zhu, J., J. Mo, and M. Tao, "Cooperative secret communication with artificial noise in symmetric interference channel," IEEE Communications Letters, Vol. 14, No. 10, 885-887, 2010.
doi:10.1109/LCOMM.2010.081910.101121

18. Li, Z. and X.-G. Xia, "A distributed differentially encoded OFDM scheme for asynchronous cooperative systems with low probability of interception," IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, Vol. 8, No. 7, 3372-3379, 2009.
doi:10.1109/TWC.2009.080365

19. Ma, R., L. Dai, Z. Wang, and J. Wang, "Secure communication in TDS-OFDM system using constellation rotation and noise insertion," IEEE Transactions on Consumer Electronics, Vol. 56, No. 3, 1328-1332, 2010.
doi:10.1109/TCE.2010.5606266

20. Dai, H. and Y. Zhang, "A real orthogonal space-time coded uwb scheme for wireless secure communications," Eurasip Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking, Vol. 2009, 2009.

21. Li, , X.-H. and J. Hwu, "Using antenna array redundancy and channel diversity for secure wireless transmissions," Journal of Communications, Vol. 2, No. 3, 24-32, 2007.
doi:10.4304/jcm.2.3.24-32

22. Song, M.-Z. and T. Hong, "Sum and difference multiple beam modulation transmitted by multimode horn antenna for inverse monopulse direction-finding," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 82, 367-380, 2008.
doi:10.2528/PIER08032407

23. Song, M. Z. and T. Hong, "Microwave space modulation carrying azimuth and elevation transmitted by monopulse antenna," Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, Vol. 22, No. 2-3, 277-289, 2008.
doi:10.1163/156939308784160686

24. Daly, M. P., E. L. Daly, and J. T. Bernhard, "Demonstration of directional modulation using a phased array," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 58, No. 5, 1545-1550, 2010.
doi:10.1109/TAP.2010.2044357

25. Daly, M. P. and J. T. Bernhard, "Directional modulation technique for phased arrays," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 57, No. 9, 2633-2640, 2009.
doi:10.1109/TAP.2009.2027047

26. Daly, M. P. and J. T. Bernhard, "Beamsteering in pattern reconfigurable arrays using directional modulation," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 58, No. 7, 2259-2265, 2010.
doi:10.1109/TAP.2010.2046854

27. Babakhani, A., D. B. Rutledge, and A. Hajimiri, "Transmitter architectures based on near-field direct antenna modulation," IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits, Vol. 43, No. 12, 2674-2692, 2008.
doi:10.1109/JSSC.2008.2004864

28. Aziz, A., Q. A. Naqvi, and K. Hongo, "Analysis of the fields in two dimensional cassegrain system," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 71, 227-241, 2007.
doi:10.2528/PIER07022001

29. Mehmood, M. Q., M. J. Mughal, and T. Rahim, "Focal region fields of cassegrain system placed in homogeneous chiral medium," Progress In Electromagnetics Research B, Vol. 21, 329-346, 2010.

30. Yin, J., J. A. Aas, J. Yang, and P. S. Kildal, "Monopulse tracking performance of multi-port eleven antenna for use in satellite communications terminals," IET Seminar Digest, Vol. 2007, 11961, 2007.

31. Ling, C. C. and G. M. Rebeiz, "94 GHz planar monopulse tracking receiver," IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, Vol. 42, No. 10, 1863-1871, 1994.
doi:10.1109/22.320766