This paper presents a novel design of a 4x4 two-layer wideband Butler matrix using a CB-CPW wideband multilayer directional coupler as well as a novel CB-CPW wideband elliptic directional coupler. With this configuration, the proposed matrix was designed to avoid crossovers as in conventional Butler matrices, thus reducing its size, losses and the design complexity while leading to a broad bandwidth of 3 GHz. To evaluate the performance of the proposed matrix, experimental prototypes of the directional elliptic coupler, the CB-CPW multilayer directional coupler and Butler matrix were fabricated and measured. Furthermore, a 4-element antenna array was connected to the matrix to form a beamforming antenna system at 5.8 GHz. As a result, four orthogonal beams were realized in the band 4.5-7.5 GHz.
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