Vol. 27
Latest Volume
All Volumes
PIERM 115 [2023] PIERM 114 [2022] PIERM 113 [2022] PIERM 112 [2022] PIERM 111 [2022] PIERM 110 [2022] PIERM 109 [2022] PIERM 108 [2022] PIERM 107 [2022] PIERM 106 [2021] PIERM 105 [2021] PIERM 104 [2021] PIERM 103 [2021] PIERM 102 [2021] PIERM 101 [2021] PIERM 100 [2021] PIERM 99 [2021] PIERM 98 [2020] PIERM 97 [2020] PIERM 96 [2020] PIERM 95 [2020] PIERM 94 [2020] PIERM 93 [2020] PIERM 92 [2020] PIERM 91 [2020] PIERM 90 [2020] PIERM 89 [2020] PIERM 88 [2020] PIERM 87 [2019] PIERM 86 [2019] PIERM 85 [2019] PIERM 84 [2019] PIERM 83 [2019] PIERM 82 [2019] PIERM 81 [2019] PIERM 80 [2019] PIERM 79 [2019] PIERM 78 [2019] PIERM 77 [2019] PIERM 76 [2018] PIERM 75 [2018] PIERM 74 [2018] PIERM 73 [2018] PIERM 72 [2018] PIERM 71 [2018] PIERM 70 [2018] PIERM 69 [2018] PIERM 68 [2018] PIERM 67 [2018] PIERM 66 [2018] PIERM 65 [2018] PIERM 64 [2018] PIERM 63 [2018] PIERM 62 [2017] PIERM 61 [2017] PIERM 60 [2017] PIERM 59 [2017] PIERM 58 [2017] PIERM 57 [2017] PIERM 56 [2017] PIERM 55 [2017] PIERM 54 [2017] PIERM 53 [2017] PIERM 52 [2016] PIERM 51 [2016] PIERM 50 [2016] PIERM 49 [2016] PIERM 48 [2016] PIERM 47 [2016] PIERM 46 [2016] PIERM 45 [2016] PIERM 44 [2015] PIERM 43 [2015] PIERM 42 [2015] PIERM 41 [2015] PIERM 40 [2014] PIERM 39 [2014] PIERM 38 [2014] PIERM 37 [2014] PIERM 36 [2014] PIERM 35 [2014] PIERM 34 [2014] PIERM 33 [2013] PIERM 32 [2013] PIERM 31 [2013] PIERM 30 [2013] PIERM 29 [2013] PIERM 28 [2013] PIERM 27 [2012] PIERM 26 [2012] PIERM 25 [2012] PIERM 24 [2012] PIERM 23 [2012] PIERM 22 [2012] PIERM 21 [2011] PIERM 20 [2011] PIERM 19 [2011] PIERM 18 [2011] PIERM 17 [2011] PIERM 16 [2011] PIERM 14 [2010] PIERM 13 [2010] PIERM 12 [2010] PIERM 11 [2010] PIERM 10 [2009] PIERM 9 [2009] PIERM 8 [2009] PIERM 7 [2009] PIERM 6 [2009] PIERM 5 [2008] PIERM 4 [2008] PIERM 3 [2008] PIERM 2 [2008] PIERM 1 [2008]
2012-11-21
Statistical Power Measurement Unit for an 8 mm -Band Two Dimensional Synthetic Aperture Interferometric Radiometer Bhu-2D
By
Progress In Electromagnetics Research M, Vol. 27, 119-128, 2012
Abstract
An 8 mm-band two-dimensional Synthetic Aperture Interferometric Radiometer (SAIR) called BHU-2D has been developed by Electromagnetics Engineering Laboratory of Beihang University. The radiometer could obtain images in realtime benefiting from the adoption of a 1bit/2level FPGA-based correlator array. The correlator array requires a group of Power Measurement Units (PMUs) to denormalize the correlation coefficients into visibility function samples. The design and implementation of the PMU in BHU-2D is presented in this paper. The PMU adopts a novel method based on probability statistics. The principle and quantitative error analysis of this power measurement method is presented. In order to verify the principle of the design, a sample board is manufactured and a series of validation experiments have been conducted. Measurement results have proved that the performance of the PMU could meet the requirements of SAIR systems. The PMU has been applied to BHU-2D and the result is satisfactory.
Citation
Cheng Zheng Xianxun Yao Anyong Hu Jungang Miao , "Statistical Power Measurement Unit for an 8 mm -Band Two Dimensional Synthetic Aperture Interferometric Radiometer Bhu-2D," Progress In Electromagnetics Research M, Vol. 27, 119-128, 2012.
doi:10.2528/PIERM12101506
http://www.jpier.org/PIERM/pier.php?paper=12101506
References

1. Le Vine, D. M., A. J. Griffis, C. T. Swift, and T. J. Jackson, "ESTAR: A synthetic aperture microwave radiometer for remote sensing applications," Proc. IEEE, Vol. 82, No. 12, 1787-1801, Dec. 1994.
doi:10.1109/5.338071

2. Xue, Y., J. Miao, G.Wan, A. Hu, F. Zhao, and H.Wu, "Prototy development of an 8mm band 2-dimensional aperture synthesis radiometer," Proc. IGARSS, Vol. 5, V-413-V-416, Boston, MA, Jul. 7-11, 2008 .

3. Xue, Y., J. Miao, G. Wan, A. Hu, and F. Zhao, "Development of the disk antenna array aperture synthesis millimeter wave radiometer," Proc. ICMMT, Vol. 2, 806-809, Nanjing, China,Apr. 21-24, 2008.

4. Miao, J., "Microwave aperture synthetic radiometer and the passive millimeter wave imager of Beihang University," Proc. ICMTCE, Vol. 7, Beijing, China, May 22-25, 2001..

5. Ruf, C. S., "Digital correlators for synthetic aperture interfero-metric radiometry," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., Vol. 33, No. 5, 1222-1229, Sep. 1995.
doi:10.1109/36.469486

6. Martin-Neira, M. , I. Cabeza, C. Perez, M. A. Palacios, M. A. Guijarro, S. Ribo, I. Corbella, S. Blanch, F. Torres, N. Dufo, V. Gonzalez, S. Beraza, A. Camps, M. Vall-llossera, S. Tauriainen, J. Pihlflyckt, J. P. Gonzalez, and F. Martin-Porqueras, "AMIRAS --- An airborne MIRAS demonstrator," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., Vol. 46, No. 3, 705-716, Mar. 2008.
doi:10.1109/TGRS.2008.916266

7. Rautiainen, K. , H. Valmu, P. Jukkala, G. Moren, and M. Hallikainen, "Four-element prototype of the HUT interferometric radiometer," Proc. IGARSS, Vol. 1, 234-236, Hamburg, 1999.

8. Tanner, A. B., W. J. Wilson, P. P. Kangaslahti, B. H. Lambrigsten, S. J. Dinardo, J. R. Piepmeier, C. S. Ruf, S. Rogacki, S. M. Gross, and S. Muusko, "Prototype development of a geostationary synthetic thinned aperture radiometer, GeoSTAR," Proc. IGARSS, Vol. 2, 1256-1259, Anchorage, AK, Sep. 20-24, 2004.

9. Kay, S. M., Fundamentals of Statistical Signal Processing, Volume II: Detection Theory, Upper Saddle River, 45-46, Prentice Hall, NJ, 1993.