Vol. 41
Latest Volume
All Volumes
PIERC 145 [2024] PIERC 144 [2024] PIERC 143 [2024] PIERC 142 [2024] PIERC 141 [2024] PIERC 140 [2024] PIERC 139 [2024] PIERC 138 [2023] PIERC 137 [2023] PIERC 136 [2023] PIERC 135 [2023] PIERC 134 [2023] PIERC 133 [2023] PIERC 132 [2023] PIERC 131 [2023] PIERC 130 [2023] PIERC 129 [2023] PIERC 128 [2023] PIERC 127 [2022] PIERC 126 [2022] PIERC 125 [2022] PIERC 124 [2022] PIERC 123 [2022] PIERC 122 [2022] PIERC 121 [2022] PIERC 120 [2022] PIERC 119 [2022] PIERC 118 [2022] PIERC 117 [2021] PIERC 116 [2021] PIERC 115 [2021] PIERC 114 [2021] PIERC 113 [2021] PIERC 112 [2021] PIERC 111 [2021] PIERC 110 [2021] PIERC 109 [2021] PIERC 108 [2021] PIERC 107 [2021] PIERC 106 [2020] PIERC 105 [2020] PIERC 104 [2020] PIERC 103 [2020] PIERC 102 [2020] PIERC 101 [2020] PIERC 100 [2020] PIERC 99 [2020] PIERC 98 [2020] PIERC 97 [2019] PIERC 96 [2019] PIERC 95 [2019] PIERC 94 [2019] PIERC 93 [2019] PIERC 92 [2019] PIERC 91 [2019] PIERC 90 [2019] PIERC 89 [2019] PIERC 88 [2018] PIERC 87 [2018] PIERC 86 [2018] PIERC 85 [2018] PIERC 84 [2018] PIERC 83 [2018] PIERC 82 [2018] PIERC 81 [2018] PIERC 80 [2018] PIERC 79 [2017] PIERC 78 [2017] PIERC 77 [2017] PIERC 76 [2017] PIERC 75 [2017] PIERC 74 [2017] PIERC 73 [2017] PIERC 72 [2017] PIERC 71 [2017] PIERC 70 [2016] PIERC 69 [2016] PIERC 68 [2016] PIERC 67 [2016] PIERC 66 [2016] PIERC 65 [2016] PIERC 64 [2016] PIERC 63 [2016] PIERC 62 [2016] PIERC 61 [2016] PIERC 60 [2015] PIERC 59 [2015] PIERC 58 [2015] PIERC 57 [2015] PIERC 56 [2015] PIERC 55 [2014] PIERC 54 [2014] PIERC 53 [2014] PIERC 52 [2014] PIERC 51 [2014] PIERC 50 [2014] PIERC 49 [2014] PIERC 48 [2014] PIERC 47 [2014] PIERC 46 [2014] PIERC 45 [2013] PIERC 44 [2013] PIERC 43 [2013] PIERC 42 [2013] PIERC 41 [2013] PIERC 40 [2013] PIERC 39 [2013] PIERC 38 [2013] PIERC 37 [2013] PIERC 36 [2013] PIERC 35 [2013] PIERC 34 [2013] PIERC 33 [2012] PIERC 32 [2012] PIERC 31 [2012] PIERC 30 [2012] PIERC 29 [2012] PIERC 28 [2012] PIERC 27 [2012] PIERC 26 [2012] PIERC 25 [2012] PIERC 24 [2011] PIERC 23 [2011] PIERC 22 [2011] PIERC 21 [2011] PIERC 20 [2011] PIERC 19 [2011] PIERC 18 [2011] PIERC 17 [2010] PIERC 16 [2010] PIERC 15 [2010] PIERC 14 [2010] PIERC 13 [2010] PIERC 12 [2010] PIERC 11 [2009] PIERC 10 [2009] PIERC 9 [2009] PIERC 8 [2009] PIERC 7 [2009] PIERC 6 [2009] PIERC 5 [2008] PIERC 4 [2008] PIERC 3 [2008] PIERC 2 [2008] PIERC 1 [2008]
2013-06-27
A Corner-Fed Square Ring Antenna with an L-Shaped Slot on Ground Plane for GPS Application
By
Progress In Electromagnetics Research C, Vol. 41, 111-120, 2013
Abstract
This paper proposes a square ring patch antenna for GPS L1 band application. The square ring patch located on the center of an FR4 substrate was truncated a square to guide two resonant modes. The dimensions of the truncated square located on the center of the patch controls the antenna's frequency band. Larger truncated square creates longer resonant path that decreases the resonant band. To achieve the CP radiation patterns, the corner-fed method and a truncated L-shaped slot on the ground plane are applied. After the size of the truncated L-shaped slot is optimized, the currents of Eθ and Eφ are around 90° shifts that make the antenna's AR lower than 3 dB. By switching the positions of the feed point and the L-shaped slot, both RHCP and LHCP can be obtained individually. Beside the CP operation, the proposed design also has advantages of planar structure, simple design, low cost, and good performances.
Citation
Bau-Yi Lee, Wen-Shan Chen, Yu-Ching Su, and Fa-Shian Chang, "A Corner-Fed Square Ring Antenna with an L-Shaped Slot on Ground Plane for GPS Application," Progress In Electromagnetics Research C, Vol. 41, 111-120, 2013.
doi:10.2528/PIERC13042305
References

1. Hamid, M. H. A, A.-H. Adom, N.-A. Rahim, and M.-H.-F. Rahiman, "Navigation of mobile robot using global positioning system (GPS) and obstacle avoidance system with commanded loop daisy chaining application method," 5th International Colloquium on Signal Processing & Its Applications, CSPA, 176-181, 2009.

2. Almomani, I.-M., N.-Y. Alkhalil, M.-E. Ahmad, and R.-M. Jodeh, "Ubiquitous GPS vehicle tracking and management system," 2011 EEE Jordan Conference on Applied Electrical Engineering and Computing Technologies (AEECT), 1-6, 2011.
doi:10.1109/AEECT.2011.6132526

3. Buluse, N., J. Heidemann, and D. Estrin, "GPS-less low-cost outdoor localization for very small devices," IEEE Personal Communications, Vol. 7, No. 5, 28-34, Oct. 2000.
doi:10.1109/98.878533

4. Rauf, M., A. N. Abd AlIa, K. H. bin Ghazali, and A. Fakharuddin, "Intelligent multi ID buses navigation system with efficient data transmission technique," 2010 International Conference on Information, Networking and Automation (ICINA), Vol. 1, V1-51-V1-61, 2010.

5. Wang, C.-J. and C.-H. Lin, "A circularly polarized quasi-loop antenna," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 84, 333-348, 2008.
doi:10.2528/PIER08081002

6. Lin, Y.-C., W.-S. Chen, B.-Y. Lee, S.-Y. Lin, and H.-W. Wu, "Small inverted-U loop antenna for GPS application," Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, Vol. 24, No. 8-9, 1033-1044, 2010.
doi:10.1163/156939310791586133

7. Tang, T.-C., C.-H. Tsai, K.-H. Lin, Y.-T. Huang, and C.-Y. Chen, "Fractal GPS antenna design on piezoelectric substrate," Proceedings of Asia-Pacific Microwave Conference, 991-994, 2010.

8. Yang, S.-L. S., A. A. Kishk, and K.-F. Lee, "Wideband circularly polarized antenna with L-shaped slot," IEEE Trans. on Antennas and Propag., Vol. 56, No. 6, 1780-1783, 2008.
doi:10.1109/TAP.2008.923340

9. Wong, K.-L., C.-C. Huang, and W.-S. Chen, "Printed ring slot antenna for circular polarization," IEEE Trans. on Antennas and Propag., Vol. 50, No. 1, 75-77, Jan. 2002.
doi:10.1109/8.992564

10. Tzeng, Y.-B., C.-W. Su, and C.-H. Lee, "Study of broadband CP patch antenna with its ground plane having an elevated portion," Proceedings of Asia-Pacific Microwave Conference (APMC 2005), 1-4, 2005.
doi:10.1109/APMC.2005.1606843

11. Sim, C.-Y.-D., S.-C. Lu, J.-S. Row, and S.-H. Chen, "Dual-band antenna design for GPS and UMTS applications," IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation Society, 1-4, 2007.

12. Heidari, A. A., M. Heyrani, and M. Nakhkash, "A dual-band circularly polarized stub loaded microstrip patch antenna for GPS applications," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 92, 195-208, 2009.
doi:10.2528/PIER09032401

13. Chen, W.-S., Y.-C. Su, K.-M. Lin, C.-M. Cheng, Y.-Z. Chiou, and C.-K. Wang, "A novel square ring patch antenna for GPS signal reception," Progress In Electromagnetics Research Symposium Abstracts, 128, Taipei, Mar. 25-28, 2013.

14. Gao, S. and J. Li, "FDTD analysis of a sized-reduced, dual-frequency patch antenna," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 23, 59-77, 1999.
doi:10.2528/PIER98082502

15. Chen, W.-L. and G.-M. Wang, "Small size edge-FED Sierpinski carpet microstrip patch antennas," Progress In Electromagnetics Research C, Vol. 3, 195-202, 2008.
doi:10.2528/PIERC08050302