Vol. 57
Latest Volume
All Volumes
PIERM 115 [2023] PIERM 114 [2022] PIERM 113 [2022] PIERM 112 [2022] PIERM 111 [2022] PIERM 110 [2022] PIERM 109 [2022] PIERM 108 [2022] PIERM 107 [2022] PIERM 106 [2021] PIERM 105 [2021] PIERM 104 [2021] PIERM 103 [2021] PIERM 102 [2021] PIERM 101 [2021] PIERM 100 [2021] PIERM 99 [2021] PIERM 98 [2020] PIERM 97 [2020] PIERM 96 [2020] PIERM 95 [2020] PIERM 94 [2020] PIERM 93 [2020] PIERM 92 [2020] PIERM 91 [2020] PIERM 90 [2020] PIERM 89 [2020] PIERM 88 [2020] PIERM 87 [2019] PIERM 86 [2019] PIERM 85 [2019] PIERM 84 [2019] PIERM 83 [2019] PIERM 82 [2019] PIERM 81 [2019] PIERM 80 [2019] PIERM 79 [2019] PIERM 78 [2019] PIERM 77 [2019] PIERM 76 [2018] PIERM 75 [2018] PIERM 74 [2018] PIERM 73 [2018] PIERM 72 [2018] PIERM 71 [2018] PIERM 70 [2018] PIERM 69 [2018] PIERM 68 [2018] PIERM 67 [2018] PIERM 66 [2018] PIERM 65 [2018] PIERM 64 [2018] PIERM 63 [2018] PIERM 62 [2017] PIERM 61 [2017] PIERM 60 [2017] PIERM 59 [2017] PIERM 58 [2017] PIERM 57 [2017] PIERM 56 [2017] PIERM 55 [2017] PIERM 54 [2017] PIERM 53 [2017] PIERM 52 [2016] PIERM 51 [2016] PIERM 50 [2016] PIERM 49 [2016] PIERM 48 [2016] PIERM 47 [2016] PIERM 46 [2016] PIERM 45 [2016] PIERM 44 [2015] PIERM 43 [2015] PIERM 42 [2015] PIERM 41 [2015] PIERM 40 [2014] PIERM 39 [2014] PIERM 38 [2014] PIERM 37 [2014] PIERM 36 [2014] PIERM 35 [2014] PIERM 34 [2014] PIERM 33 [2013] PIERM 32 [2013] PIERM 31 [2013] PIERM 30 [2013] PIERM 29 [2013] PIERM 28 [2013] PIERM 27 [2012] PIERM 26 [2012] PIERM 25 [2012] PIERM 24 [2012] PIERM 23 [2012] PIERM 22 [2012] PIERM 21 [2011] PIERM 20 [2011] PIERM 19 [2011] PIERM 18 [2011] PIERM 17 [2011] PIERM 16 [2011] PIERM 14 [2010] PIERM 13 [2010] PIERM 12 [2010] PIERM 11 [2010] PIERM 10 [2009] PIERM 9 [2009] PIERM 8 [2009] PIERM 7 [2009] PIERM 6 [2009] PIERM 5 [2008] PIERM 4 [2008] PIERM 3 [2008] PIERM 2 [2008] PIERM 1 [2008]
2017-05-14
Analysis of Multi-Resonance Characteristics in Suspended Ring Antenna Applicable for IoT /WSN
By
Progress In Electromagnetics Research M, Vol. 57, 11-24, 2017
Abstract
In this work, the multi-resonance behavior of a suspended ring antenna structure with a single port has been investigated. Introduction of symmetrical slots at each arm of the ring structure enables quad-band operation. The antenna yields good impedance matching at 3.4 GHz, 4.5 GHz, 5.8 GHz and 7.5 GHz with considerably high gain response up to 6 dBi. Maintaining suitable air height from the ground plane enhances the bandwidth up to 12%. This compact antenna shows bandwidths of 130 MHz, 360 MHz, 850 MHz, and 380 MHz, respectively. Each resonance claims an efficient use in next generation wireless communication within S-band and C-band radio links extensively and also applicable in WSNs/IoTs which requires a multi-functional antenna system. Theoretical analysis of the proposed antenna is investigated with the equivalent lumped circuit. The antenna element is excited using separate feed patch alongside of the ring. The antenna exhibits TM10, TM01, TM11 excitation modes at different resonances. The said antenna is implemented on an FR4 substrate with dielectric constant of 4.4, substrate thickness of h = 1.56 mm and loss tangent of tanδ=0.02. The antenna is designed with physical dimensions of 18×18×7.56 mm3 which claims its compactness.
Citation
Sraddhanjali Mohapatra Debaprasad Barad Subhrakanta Behera , "Analysis of Multi-Resonance Characteristics in Suspended Ring Antenna Applicable for IoT /WSN," Progress In Electromagnetics Research M, Vol. 57, 11-24, 2017.
doi:10.2528/PIERM17022404
http://www.jpier.org/PIERM/pier.php?paper=17022404
References

1. Costantine, J., K. Y. Kabalan, A. Ei-Hajj, and M. Rammal, "New multi-band microstrip antenna design for wireless communications," IEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine, Vol. 49, No. 6, 2007.
doi:10.1109/MAP.2007.4455895

2. Jiang, F., J. Chen, Swindlehurst, A. Lee, and J. A. Lopez-salcedo, "Massive MIMO for wireless sensing with a coherent multiple access channel," IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing, Vol. 63, No. 12, June 2015.
doi:10.1109/TSP.2015.2417508

3. Park, D.-H. and Y.-S. Kwak, "Design multi-band microstrip patch antenna for wireless terminals," IEEE Future Generation Communication and Networking Letter, Vol. 2, 439-441, 2007.
doi:10.1109/FGCN.2007.99

4. Sharawi, M. S., "Printed multi-band MIMO antenaa systems and their performance metrics," IEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine, Vol. 55, No. 5, 2013.
doi:10.1109/MAP.2013.6735522

5. Balanis, A., Antenna Theory Analysis and Design, 3rd Ed., A John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Publication, 2003.

6. Liao, W., S. Chang, and L. Li, "A compact planer multiband antenna for integrated mobile devices," Progress In Electromagnetic Research, Vol. 109, 1-16, 2010.
doi:10.2528/PIER10083001

7. Fallahpour, M., M. T. Ghasr, and R. Zoughi, "Miniaturized reconfigurable multiband antenna for multiradio wireless communication," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 62, No. 12, 6049-6059, 2014.
doi:10.1109/TAP.2014.2364293

8. Wang, C. and S.-W. Chang, "Studies on dual-band multi-slot antennas," Progress In Electromagnetic Research, Vol. 83, 293-306, 2008.
doi:10.2528/PIER08061104

9. Sarkar, D., K. Saurav, and K. V. Srivastava, "Multi-band microstrip-fed slot antenna loaded with split-ring resonator," IET Electronics Letters, Vol. 50, No. 21, 1498-1500, 2014.
doi:10.1049/el.2014.2625

10. Kokotoff, D. M., J. T. Aberle, and R. B. Waterhouse, "Rigorous analysis of probe-fed printed annular ring antennas," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 47, No. 2, 384-388, 1999.
doi:10.1109/8.761079

11. Akyildiz, I. F., W. Su, Y. Sankarasubramaniam, and E. Carirci, "Wireless sensor networks: A Survey," ELSEVIER Journal on Computer Networks, Vol. 38, No. 4, 393-442, 2002.
doi:10.1016/S1389-1286(01)00302-4

12. Lei, Y., Y. Zhang, and Y. Zhao, "The research of coverage problems in wireless sensor network," IEEE WINS Proceedings, 31-34, 2009, ISBN: 978-0-7695-3901-0.

13. Nassar, I. T., J. Wang, J. L. Frolik, and T. M. Weller, "A high-efficiency, miniaturized sensor node with 3-D machined-substarte antennas for embedded wireless monitoring," IEEE Sensors Journal, Vol. 15, No. 9, 5036-5044, September 2015.
doi:10.1109/JSEN.2015.2432807

14. Agiwal, M., A. Roy, and N. Saxena, "Next generation 5G wireless networks: A comprehensive survey," IEEE Communications Surveys & Tutorials, Vol. 18, No. 3, 1617-1655, 2016.
doi:10.1109/COMST.2016.2532458

15. Internet of Things: Wireless Sensor Networks, Iternational Electrotechnical Commission, Geneva, Switzerland, 2014.

16. Yurduseven, O., D. Smith, N. Pearsall, and I. Forbes, "A solar cell stacked slot-loaded suspended microstrip patch antenna with multi-band resonance characteristics for WLAN and WIMAX systems," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 142, 321-332, 2013.
doi:10.2528/PIER13081502

17., "Optimizing 4 GHz mission critical networks," Microwave Journal, Billerica, MA, 2009.

18. Youell, T., "NTT Docomo and Nokia research 5G in 4.4-4.9 GHz bands,", Policy Tracker, July 2015.

19. http//www.policytracker.com/headlines/ntt-docomo-and-nokia-research-5g-in-4.4-2013-4.9-ghz-band.

20. Behera, S. and D. Barad, "Design of microstrip antenna for wireless communication with compact size," IEEE ICECCT Proceedings, Vol. 3, 1473-1476, 2015, ISBN: 978-1-4799-6085-9.

21. Behera, S. and D. Barad, "A novel design of microstrip fractal antenna for wireless sensor network," IEEE ICCPEIC Proceedings, 2015, ISBN: 978-1-4673-6524-6.

22. Behera, S. and K. J. Vinoy, "Microstrip square ring antennas for dual-band operation," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 93, 41-56, 2009.
doi:10.2528/PIER09021909

23. Behera, S. and D. Barad, "Circular polarized dual-band antenna for WLAN/Wi-MAX application," Int. J. RF and Microwave Comp. Aid. Eng., 2016, doi:10.1002/mmce.21046.

24. Kasabegoudar, V. G. and K. J. Vinoy, "Coplaner capacitive coupled probe fed microstrip antennas for aideband applications," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 58, No. 10, 3131-3138, 2010.
doi:10.1109/TAP.2010.2055781

25. Chang, K. and L. Hsieh, Microwave Ring Circuits and Related Structures, 2nd Ed., Chapter 1, John Wiley & Sons, Inc Publication, USA, 2004.

26. Stutzmanet, W. L., et al., Antenna Theory and Design, 3rd Ed., John Wiley & Sons, Inc Publication, USA, 2013.

27. Guha, D. and Y. M. N. Antar, Microstrip and Printed Antennas New Trends Techniques & Application, 2nd Ed., Chapter 2, John Wiley & Sons, Inc Publication, UK, 2011.
doi:10.1002/9780470973370