Vol. 95
Latest Volume
All Volumes
PIERC 129 [2023] PIERC 128 [2023] PIERC 127 [2022] PIERC 126 [2022] PIERC 125 [2022] PIERC 124 [2022] PIERC 123 [2022] PIERC 122 [2022] PIERC 121 [2022] PIERC 120 [2022] PIERC 119 [2022] PIERC 118 [2022] PIERC 117 [2021] PIERC 116 [2021] PIERC 115 [2021] PIERC 114 [2021] PIERC 113 [2021] PIERC 112 [2021] PIERC 111 [2021] PIERC 110 [2021] PIERC 109 [2021] PIERC 108 [2021] PIERC 107 [2021] PIERC 106 [2020] PIERC 105 [2020] PIERC 104 [2020] PIERC 103 [2020] PIERC 102 [2020] PIERC 101 [2020] PIERC 100 [2020] PIERC 99 [2020] PIERC 98 [2020] PIERC 97 [2019] PIERC 96 [2019] PIERC 95 [2019] PIERC 94 [2019] PIERC 93 [2019] PIERC 92 [2019] PIERC 91 [2019] PIERC 90 [2019] PIERC 89 [2019] PIERC 88 [2018] PIERC 87 [2018] PIERC 86 [2018] PIERC 85 [2018] PIERC 84 [2018] PIERC 83 [2018] PIERC 82 [2018] PIERC 81 [2018] PIERC 80 [2018] PIERC 79 [2017] PIERC 78 [2017] PIERC 77 [2017] PIERC 76 [2017] PIERC 75 [2017] PIERC 74 [2017] PIERC 73 [2017] PIERC 72 [2017] PIERC 71 [2017] PIERC 70 [2016] PIERC 69 [2016] PIERC 68 [2016] PIERC 67 [2016] PIERC 66 [2016] PIERC 65 [2016] PIERC 64 [2016] PIERC 63 [2016] PIERC 62 [2016] PIERC 61 [2016] PIERC 60 [2015] PIERC 59 [2015] PIERC 58 [2015] PIERC 57 [2015] PIERC 56 [2015] PIERC 55 [2014] PIERC 54 [2014] PIERC 53 [2014] PIERC 52 [2014] PIERC 51 [2014] PIERC 50 [2014] PIERC 49 [2014] PIERC 48 [2014] PIERC 47 [2014] PIERC 46 [2014] PIERC 45 [2013] PIERC 44 [2013] PIERC 43 [2013] PIERC 42 [2013] PIERC 41 [2013] PIERC 40 [2013] PIERC 39 [2013] PIERC 38 [2013] PIERC 37 [2013] PIERC 36 [2013] PIERC 35 [2013] PIERC 34 [2013] PIERC 33 [2012] PIERC 32 [2012] PIERC 31 [2012] PIERC 30 [2012] PIERC 29 [2012] PIERC 28 [2012] PIERC 27 [2012] PIERC 26 [2012] PIERC 25 [2012] PIERC 24 [2011] PIERC 23 [2011] PIERC 22 [2011] PIERC 21 [2011] PIERC 20 [2011] PIERC 19 [2011] PIERC 18 [2011] PIERC 17 [2010] PIERC 16 [2010] PIERC 15 [2010] PIERC 14 [2010] PIERC 13 [2010] PIERC 12 [2010] PIERC 11 [2009] PIERC 10 [2009] PIERC 9 [2009] PIERC 8 [2009] PIERC 7 [2009] PIERC 6 [2009] PIERC 5 [2008] PIERC 4 [2008] PIERC 3 [2008] PIERC 2 [2008] PIERC 1 [2008]
2019-09-09
Improvement of Phase Noise Performance in Tracking Array of UAV Signal Based on Mixed Phased/Retrodirective Array
By
Progress In Electromagnetics Research C, Vol. 95, 195-207, 2019
Abstract
An improved mixed phased/retrodirective array is presented. The phase conjugation technique will be achieved in base band instead of in intermediate frequency (IF) band. Canceling the need to the intermediate frequency stage in the receiver will reduce the complexity and cost of the system. The ability to the entire processing of the tracking array function to be applied using software defined radio (SDR) system is added. The effect of the phase errors at each channel is compensated phased array, and the noise performance of the tracking array is improved. Also an expanded analytical study of the noise performance of the array to include the impact of the phase errors on the array performance is presented. The proposed equivalent one-channel model of the N-channel array provides a clear and efficient way to characterize the noise performance of array receiver systems with any amplitude tapering and also considering the phase errors. The improvement provided by the mixed phased/retrodirective array compared to the traditional phased array is evaluated. The of array size on the tracking array performance in the presence of phase error is discussed. A monopulse tracking array is taken as an example.
Citation
Alaa Salman Shokri Almekdad Mohamad Alhariri , "Improvement of Phase Noise Performance in Tracking Array of UAV Signal Based on Mixed Phased/Retrodirective Array," Progress In Electromagnetics Research C, Vol. 95, 195-207, 2019.
doi:10.2528/PIERC19062604
http://www.jpier.org/PIERC/pier.php?paper=19062604
References

1. Okcu, H., "Operational requirements of unmanned aircraft systems data link and communication systems," Journal of Advances in Computer Networks, Vol. 4, No. 1, 28-34, March 2016.
doi:10.18178/JACN.2016.4.1.199

2. Sharma, R. K. and B. B. Soni, "Analysis of a radar system for UAV tracking using MATLAB," International Journal of Engineering and Technical Research (IJETR), Vol. 7, No. 6, 2454-4698, June 2017.

3. Uchendu, I. and J. Kelly, "Survey of beam steering techniques available for millimeter wave applications," Progress In Electromagnetics Research B, Vol. 68, 35-54, 2016.
doi:10.2528/PIERB16030703

4. Fulton, C., M. Yeary, D. Thompson, J. Lake, and A. Mitchell, "Digital phased arrays: Challenges and opportunities," Proceedings of the IEEE, Vol. 104, No. 3, 487-503, March 2016.
doi:10.1109/JPROC.2015.2501804

5. Mailloux, R. J., Phased Array Antenna Handbook, 2nd Ed., Artech House Antennas and Propagation Library, 2005.

6. Amir, Z. and A. A. Bijan, "GA-based approach to phase compensation of large phased array antennas," Journal of Systems Engineering and Electronics, Vol. 29, No. 4, 723-730, August 2018.
doi:10.21629/JSEE.2018.04.07

7. Khmou, Y., S. Safi, and M. Frikel, "Comparative study between several direction of arrival estimation methods," Journal of Telecommunications and Information Technology, Vol. 1, 41-48, 2014.

8. Van Trees, H. L., Optimum Array Processing. Part IV of Detection, Estimation, and Modulation Theory, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, 2002.

9. Sajjan, Y. P., R. Krishna, and H. Shahul, "FPGA based digital beam forming for phased array radar," International Journal of Engineering Research and General Science, Vol. 3, No. 5, 2091-2730, September-October 2015.

10. Sri Kavya, K. C., S. K. Kotamraju, B. Naveen Kumar, M. D. N. S. Mounika, S. Singh, and A. Sidda, "Beam pointing accuracy of phased arrays for satellite communication," Journal of Theoretical and Applied Information Technology, Vol. 95, No. 10, 2170-2181, May 2017.

11. Hohne, T. and V. Ranki, "Phase noise in beamforming," IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, Vol. 9, No. 12, 3682-3689, December 2010.
doi:10.1109/TWC.2010.092810.091059

12. Kim, J., J. Jeong, and S. Jeon, "Improvement of noise performance in phased-array receivers," ETRI Journal, Vol. 33, No. 2, 176-183, April 2011.
doi:10.4218/etrij.11.0110.0440

13. Li, W. and B. Liu, "A new method to measure the noise figure of multi-channel radar receiving system," 2017 2nd Joint International Information Technology, Mechanical and Electronic Engineering Conference (JIMEC 2017), Advances in Computer Science Research, Vol. 62, 2352-538X, October 2017.

14. Salman, A., S. Almekdad, and M. Alhariri, "Auto angular tracking of UAV based on mixed phased/retrodirective array," Progress In Electromagnetics Research C, Vol. 92, 215-226, 2019.
doi:10.2528/PIERC19012501

15. Chen, L., Y. C. Guo, X. W. Shi, and T. L. Zhang, "Overview on the phase conjugation techniques of the retrodirective array," International Journal of Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 2010, Article ID 564357, 10 pages, 2010.

16. Goshi, D. S., K. M. K. H. Leong, and T. Itoh, "Recent advances in retrodirective system technology," 2006 IEEE Radio and Wireless Symposium, IEEE, 2006.

17. Yang, C. and A.-X. Chen, "A direct conversion phase conjugation arithmetic for retrodirective antenna array system," 2011 4th IEEE International Symposium on Microwave, Antenna, Propagation and EMC Technologies for Wireless Communications, 2011.

18. Ragasudha, P., B. R. Vikram, and K. Sridhar, "Digital beam forming using software defined radio based adaptive algorithm," International Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences (IJEAS), Vol. 2, No. 6, 53-58, June 2015.

19. Unlersen, F. M., E. Yaldiz, and S. T. Imeci, "FPGA based fast bartlett DoA estimator for ULA antenna using parallel computing," Applied Computational Electromagnetics Society Journal (ACES), Vol. 33, No. 4, 450-458, April 2018.

20. Balakrishnan, S. and L. T. Ong, "GNU radio based digital beamforming system: BER and computational performance analysis," 23rd European Signal Processing Conference (EUSIPCO), IEEE, 2015.

21. Skolnik, M. I., Introduction to Radar Systems, 2nd Ed., McGraw-Hill, USA, 1980.